Daniel P. Barron

Matthew 10

Monday, May 24, 2021 

1 And when he had called together his twelve disciples, he gave them authority over unclean spirits, in order to cast them out, and to heal every disease and every malady.

2 And the names of the twelve apostles i are these: Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother, and James that of Zebedee, and John his brother, 3 Philip ii and Bartholomew, iii Thomas, iv and Matthew v the tax collector, James vi that of Aphaeus, vii and Lebbaeus viii who was named Thaddaeus, ix 4 Simon x the Cananite, xi and Judah xii Iscariot, xiii who also betrayed xiv him. xv

5 These twelve Joshua sent out instructing them saying, "Do not depart into the way of the Gentiles, nor enter into the city of the Samaritans. xvi 6 But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. xvii 7 And as you go, preach saying, 'The kingdom of heaven has come near.' 8 Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, xviii cast out demons. Freely you received, freely give. 9 Do not acquire gold nor silver nor copper xix in your belts, 10 nor bag xx for the way, nor two shirts, nor sandles, nor staffs. xxi For the worker is worthy of his food."

11 "In whatever city or village you enter, inquire xxii who in it is worthy, and there stay until you go out. xxiii 12 And when you enter the house, greet it. 13 And if indeed the house is worthy, let your peace come upon it. xxiv But if it is not worthy, let your peace return to you. xxv 14 And whoever does not receive you nor hear your words, when you go out of the house or that city, shake off the dust from your feet. xxvi 15 Truly I say to you, it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment than for that city!"

16 "Behold, I send you as sheep in the midst of wolves. xxvii Therefore, be shrewd as snakes and innocent as doves. 17 And beware of men. For they will deliver you into councils, and they will scourge you in their synogogues. 18 And you will be brought before govenors and even kings because of me for a testimony to them and to the Gentiles. 19 And when they deliver you, do not be concerned about how or what you might speak. For it will be given to you in that hour what you shall speak. 20 For it is not you speaking, but the spirit of your father speaking in you."

21 "And brother will deliver brother unto death and father, child, and children will rise up against parents and put them to death. xxviii 22 And you will be hated by all because of my name. But he who endures to the end, this one shall be saved. 23 And when they persecute you in this city, flee to the other. xxix For truly I say to you, you will by no means finish the cities of Israel until the son of the man comes. xxx 24 A disciple is not above the teacher, nor a slave above his Lord. 25 It is enough that the disciple be like his teacher, and the slave like his lord. If they call the master of the house Beelzebul, xxxi how much more those of his household!" xxxii

26 "Therefore, do not fear them. For nothing is hidden which shall not be revealed, nor secret which shall not be made known. 27 Whatever I tell you in the dark, say in the light. And whatever you hear in the ear, preach upon the housetops. 28 And do not fear xxxiii those who can kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul. But be afraid, xxxiv rather, of the one who is able to destroy both the soul and the body in hell. xxxv 29 Are not two sparrows sold for a copper coin? xxxvi And not one of them shall fall upon the earth without xxxvii your father. 30 And also the hairs of your head are all numbered. 31 Therefore, do not be afraid. xxxviii You differ xxxix from many sparrows."

32 "Therefore, everyone who will confess me before men, I also will confess him before my father who is in heaven. 33 And whoever will deny me before men, I also will deny him before my father who is in heaven."

34 "Do not think that I came to cast peace upon the earth. I did not come to cast peace, but a sword. 35 For I came to separate xl a man 36 against his father, and daughter against her mother, and daughter-in-law xli against her mother-in-law, and the enemies of the man, those of his household." xlii

37 "He who loves xliii father or mother above me is not worthy of me. And he who loves son or daughter above me is not worthy of me. 38 And whoever does not take up his cross and follow after me is not worthy of me. 39 He who finds his soul will lose it, and he who loses his soul because of me will find it."

40 "He who receives you, receives me, and he who receives me receives him who sent me. 41 He who receives a prophet in the name of a prophet will receive a prophet's reward, and he who receives a righteous one in the name of a righteous one will receive a righteous one's reward. 42 And whoever might give one of these little ones only a cup of cold water xliv in the name of a disciple, truly I say to you, he will by no means lose his reward."

Matthew 9 - Matthew 11

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf. xlv

  1. apostolwn (apostolôn) - “apostles” - related to apostellw (apostellô) “send” (e.g. Matthew 10:5 “sent out”, 16 “send”, 40 “sent”). Besides the twelve, there is also Andronicus and Junia (Romans 16:7), Barnabas (Acts 14:14), Silvanus and Timothy (1 Thessalonians 1:1/2:6).  ^
  2. filippov (philippos) - "Philip" - see John 1:43-46. ^
  3. baryolomaiov (bartholomaios) - This man is only mentioned in the lists of the apostles (Mark 3:18; Luke 6:14; Acts 1:13). ^
  4. ywmav (thômas) - “Thomas”- See also John 11:16; 20:24-29. ^
  5. Is this the same man as Levi in Mark 2:13-17? Matthew 9:9-13 records a very similar event, but other than the two similar accounts, Scripture nowhere explicitly says or shows they are the same man. ^
  6. James the brother of John is killed in Acts 12:2, and in Acts 12:17 they are told to go tell James. It is uncertain whether this James in Acts 12:17 is James of Alphaeus or James the Lord’s brother (Galatians 1:19; see also Matthew 13:55). Other than that, James of Alphaeus is not mentioned any where else except in the four lists of the apostles (Matthew 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13). ^
  7. alfaiou (alphaiou) - "Alphaeus" - Levi's father has the same name (Mark 2:14). ^
  8. lebbaiov (lebbaios) - This man was also called Thaddaeus (Matthew 10:3) and also Judas that of James (Luke 6:16). Besides being in the three lists of the apostles (Matthew 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:16), he is only mentioned also for certain in John 14:22 and Acts 1:13. ^
  9. yaddaiov (Thaddaeus) - This name is also found in Mark 3:18. ^
  10. This Simon is only mentioned in the four lists of the apostles (Matthew 10:3; Mark 3:16; Luke 6:14 and Acts 1:13). ^
  11. Kananithv (Kananitês) - “Cananite” KJV, NKJV; Critical Text has Kananaiov (Kananaios) “Cananaean,” but NAS & NIV translate that as “Zealot.” Luke 6:15 has Zhlwthn (Zêlôtên) & Acts 1:13 has Zhlwthv (Zêlôtês) “Zealot.” ^
  12. ioudav (ioudas) - “Judah” - typically translated “Judas.” This is the Greek rendition of the Hebrew name “Judah.” Judah (Judas) Iscariot was the son of Simon (John 6:71; 12:4; 13:2, 26). See footnote for Matthew 1:2. ^
  13. iskariwthv (iskariôtês) - “Iscariot” - This is a name Judas was given, see Luke 22:3. See also footnote for John 6:71. ^
  14. paradouv (paradous) - “betrayed” or “handed over.” ^
  15. In all four lists (Matthew 10:2; Mark 3:16; Luke 6:14; Acts 1:13) Peter is always mentioned first. Philip is always mentioned fifth. James of Alphaeus is always mentioned ninth, and Judas is always last (except in Acts, he is not mentioned). ^
  16. Samareitwn (samareitôn) - "Samaritans" ^
  17. The Jew first, Romans 1:16; 2:9-10; because, Psalm 147:19-20; Romans 9:4-5. ^
  18. Critical Text has "raise the dead, cleanse the lepers. Received Text has "cleanse the lepers, raise the dead." Majority Text leaves out "raise the dead." ^
  19. kalkon (kalkon) - “copper” - found also in Mark 6:8; 12:41 ("money"); 1 Corinthians 13:1 ("brass"); Revelation 18:12 ("bronze") NKJV. ^
  20. phrav (pêros) “bag” - found also only in Mark 6:8; Luke 9:3; 10:4; 22:35-36. ^
  21. Received and Critical Text have "staff" (singular). ^
  22. exetasate (exetasate) - "inquire" - found only two other places in the NT, Matthew 2:8 ("search"); John 21:12 ("ask"). ^
  23. Luke 10:5-6 ^
  24. i.e. no hostility against it (Proverbs 29:27) ^
  25. Unlike the wicked, Psalm 28:3. ^
  26. Acts 13:50-51 ^
  27. Philippians 3:2 ^
  28. yanatwsousin (thanatôsousin) - “put . . . to death,” NKJV “cause . . . to put to death” - See footnote for Mark 13:12. ^
  29. Acts 14:4-7 ^
  30. Matthew 21:9-11 ^
  31. beelzeboul (beelzeboul) - Received Text has beelzeboub (beelzeboub) only here. Everywhere else RT has beelzeboul (beelzeboul) as do all other texts (see Matthew 12:24, 27; Mark 3:22; Luke 11:15, 18-19). “Beelzebub” in the Hebrew, bWbzÒ l['B' (ba`al zebub), is literally “lord of a fly,” or perhaps “lord of flies.” The LXX translates Baal-Zebub in 2 Kings 1:2-3, 6, & 16 as baal muian (baal muian), "Lord of fly," or "Baal fly." beelzeboul (beelzeboul) in the Hebrew, lbuzÒ l['B' (ba`al zebul), is literally "Lord of loftiness" or something like that. Here, the context clearly is a reference to Satan,
    the “ruler of the demons” (see Mark 3:22; Matthew 12:24; Luke 11:15; Revelation 12:4, 9).
  32. John 10:20; 15:18-20a ^
  33. fobeisye (phobeisthe) - present middle imperative ("fear"). Received Text has fobhyhte (phobêthête) - aorist passive subjuctive. ^
  34. fobhyhte (phobêthête) - aorist passive subjuctive, "Be afraid." ^
  35. geennh (geennê) - "hell" ^
  36. assariou (assariou) - "copper coin," only found here and in Luke 12:6. ^
  37. aneu (aneu) - "without" - found also in 1 Peter 3:1; 4:9. ^
  38. fobhyhte (phobêthête) - aorist passive subjuctive - "be afraid." Critical Text has fobeisye (phobeisthe) - present middle imperative ("fear"). ^
  39. See footnote for Matthew 6:26. ^
  40. dicasai (dichasai) - "separate" or "divide" - only found here in the NT. Found in Deuteronomy 14:6 in LXX for "divided" hooves. ^
  41. numfhn (numphên) - "daughter-in-law" - This is the same word for "bride" (e.g. Revelation 18:23; 21:2). ^
  42. See Micah 7:5-6. ^
  43. filwn (philôn) - "loves" - have affection for, like - found also in Matthew 6:5; 23:6; 26:48; Mark 14:44; Luke 20:46; 22:47; John 5:20; 11:3, 36; 12:25; 15:19; 16:27; 20:2; 21:15-17 [see footnote for these verses]; 1 Corinthians 16:22; Titus 3:15; Revelation 3:19; 22:15. ^
  44. qucrou (psuchrou) “cold water” - this is simply the word for “cold” found also only in Revelation 3:15-16. It evidently implies “water” or “a drink” in this context. In the LXX Proverbs 25:25 has this word translating µyriq; µyIm' (miym qâriym) "cold water" with udwr qucron (udôr psuchron), “cold” (qucron [psuchron]), “water” (udwr [udôr]). ^
  45. Mirrored here^

13 Responses

  1. And when Joshua came into the region of Caesarea of the Philip he asked his disciples, saying, "Who do men say I, the son of the man, am?" -- kaisareiav thv filippou (kaisareias tês philippou) - "Caesarea of the Philip" known as Caesarea Philippi. This is the same name as “Philip” e.g. in Matthew 10:3; 14:3; etc..

  2. How would you translate the word "logos" in these verses? Matthew 5:37, Matthew 10:14, Matthew 12:32, and Matthew 18:23?

    Feel free to look for yourself.

  3. And you will begin to hear of wars and rumors of wars. See that you are not troubled. For it is necessary for these things to be, but the end is not yet. -- akoav (akoas) - “rumors” - used in the sense of “report” (e.g. Matthew 14:1; John 12:28) and for “ears” e.g. Mark 7:35; Acts 17:20; 2 Timothy 4:3; but ouv (ous) is also a word for ear (e.g. Matthew 10:27; Luke 22:50).

    And because of the multiplying lawlessness, the love of many will become cold. -- qughsetai (psugêsetai) - “become cold” - only found here – the noun akin to this is qucov (psuchos), “cold,” found in John 18:18; Acts 28:2; 2 Corinthians 11:27. There is also qucrov (psuchros) found only in Matthew 10:42 & Revelation 3:15-16.

  4. Then one of the twelve, the one called Judah Iscariot, going to the chief priests, said, “What are you willing to give me if I deliver him to you?” And they weighed to him thirty pieces of silver. -- Ἰούδας (Ioudas) - “Judah” - typically translated “Judas” - see footnote for Matthew 10:4.

    And immediately going to Joshua he said, “Rejoice rabbi!” and kissed him. -- caire (chaire) singular imperative - “rejoice” - KJV, NAS “Hail;” NKJV “Greetings.” This same exact word, caire (chaire), is found in Matthew 27:29; Mark 15:18; John 19:3 (“Hail”); Luke 1:28 (“Rejoice”). Same imperative verb but plural form (cairete [chairete]) is found in Matthew 5:12; 28:9; Philippians 3:1; 4:4; 1 Thessalonians 5:16; 1 Peter 4:13 (“rejoice”). The noun for “greeting” is aspasmov (aspasmos, e.g. Matthew 23:7; Luke 1:29, 41, 44; Colossians 4:18). The verb “greet” is aspasomai (aspasomai, e.g. Matthew 5:47; 10:12; Mark 9:15; Romans 16:3, 5-16, 21-23).

  5. And the serpent was more crafty than all the life of the field which Yehvah Gods had made. And he said to the woman, “Has indeed Gods, he said, ‘You shall not eat from every tree of the garden.’? -- “crafty” µWr[; (`ârum) - For some examples of the usage of this term see Job 5:12; 15:5; Proverbs 12:16, 23; 13:8, 16; 14:15, 18 (plural form); 22:3; and 27:12. 2 Corinthians 11:3 also records the serpents craftiness, here using the Greek word panourgia (panourgia). For usage of this term (panourgia) see Luke 20:23; 1 Corinthians 3:19; 2 Corinthians 4:2; and Ephesians 4:14. Is the snake (serpent) still crafty? Matthew 10:16 indicates it is.

    And I will put enmity between you and the woman and between your seed and her seed. He will bruise you on the head and you will bruise him on the heel. -- “enmity” hb;yae (êyvâh) - used, for example, in Numbers 35:21; Ezekiel 25:15; and 35:5 (hatred). This enmity goes both ways (see Psalm 15:4; 31:6; 119:113; 139:19-22; Proverbs 29:27; Matthew 10:34-36; Luke 12:51-53; and 1 John 3:11-12. There is no bad consequence for the righteous who hate like this, but there is for the ungodly (e.g. Psalm 34:22).

  6. For Christ is end of law for righteousness to all who believe. -- Τέλος (Telos) “end” - used for the “end” of something (e.g. Matthew 10:22; 24:6, 13-14; 26:58; etc.) and “custom.” (i.e. tax, e.g. Matthew 17:25; Romans 13:7)

  7. And when Joshua heard that John had been delivered up, he departed to Galilee. -- παρεδοθη (paredothê) - “delivered up” (NAS footnotes “Lit. delivered up”) - from παραδιδωμι (paradidômi) - “to hand over,” “deliver” (e.g. Matthew 5:25; 10:17, 19, 21; 11:27; 18:34; 20:19; Romans 1:24, 26, 28; 4:25) also translated “betray” (e.g. Matthew 10:4; 17:22; 20:18). NKJV & NIV translate “had been put in prison,” KJV “was cast into prison,” NAS “had been taken into custody.” The Greek word for “prison” is not in this text as it is in Acts 8:3 (παρεδιδου εις φυλακην [paredidou eis phulakên]) and 22:4 (παραδιδους εις φυλακας [paradidou eis phulakas]) where the Greek words for both “delivered” and “prison” are found.

    “The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, by the way of the sea, on the other side of the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles.. -- εθνων (ethnôn) - “Gentiles” - KJV, NKJV, NAS (with footnote “Or nations”), NIV “Gentiles.” See also Matthew 10:5-6; 15:24.

    And Joshua went about all Galilee teaching in their synagogues and preaching the good news of the kingdom and healing every disease and every malady among the people. -- μαλακιαν (malakian) - “malady” - found also in Matthew 9:35; 10:1 (LXX Deuteronomy 7:15; 28:61; Isaiah 38:9).

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