Daniel P. Barron

Matthew 16

Friday, June 18, 2021 

1 And the Pharisees and Sadducees came testing. They asked to show them a sign out of the heaven. 2 But he answering said to them, "When it becomes late you say, 'Fair weather, for the heaven is red.' 3 And early, "A sign of stormy weather, for the heaven is gloomy red.' Hypocrites! You know how to discern the heaven, but the signs of the times i you are not able. 4 An evil and adulterous generation seeks a sign, and no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah." And leaving them, he departed. ii

5 And coming to the other side, his disciples forgot to take bread. 6 And Joshua said to them, "See and beware iii of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees." 7 And they were reasoning among themselves saying that, "We did not take bread."

8 But Joshua knowing said to them, "Why do you reason among yourselves, little believers, that you did not take bread? 9 Do you not yet understand, nor remember the five loaves of the five thousand and how many baskets you took up? 10 Nor the seven loaves of the four thousand and how many large baskets you took up? 11 How do you not perceive that I did not speak to you about bread, but iv to beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees?" 12 Then they perceived that he did not say to beware of the leaven of bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducess.

13 And when Joshua came into the region of Caesarea of the Philip v he asked his disciples, saying, "Who do men say I, vi the son of the man, am?" 14 And they said, "Some John the immerser, but others Elijah, but others Jeremiah or one of the prophets." 15 He says to them, "But who do you say I am?" 16 And Peter answering said, "You are the Christ, the son of the living God."

17 And Joshua answering said to him, "Blessed are you, Simon, son of Jonah, vii for flesh and blood did not reveal to you, but my father who is in the heavens. viii 18 And I say to you that you are Peter, ix and upon this rock x I will build my assembly, xi and the gates of Hades shall not prevail xii against it. 19 And I give to you xiii the keys of the kingdom of the heavens, and whatever you bind on the earth shall be bound in the heavens, and whatever you loose on the earth shall be loosed in the heavens." xiv 20 Then he ordered his disciples that they should tell no one that he is Joshua xv the Christ.

21 From then Joshua began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes xvi and be killed and be raised up on the third day. xvii

22 And Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him, saying, "Mercy xviii to you, Lord! This shall by no means be to you." 23 But turning he said to Peter, "Get behind me, xix Satan! xx You are an offense to me, for you are not mindful of the things of God, but the things of man." xxi

24 Then Joshua said to his disciples, "If anyone desires to come after xxii me, let him deny himself, xxiii and take up his cross, xxiv and follow me. xxv 25 For whoever desires to save his soul xxvi will lose it, but whoever loses his soul for my sake shall find it. 26 For what does it profit a man if he gains the whole world, but forfeits his soul? Or what will a man give in exchange for his soul? xxvii 27 For the son of the man will come in the glory of his father with his messangers, then he will render to each one according to his deed. xxviii 28 Truly I say to you, there are some standing here who will by no means taste xxix death until they see the son of the man coming in his kingdom."

Matthew 15 - Matthew 17

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf. xxx

  1. Daniel 9:25, John the Baptist, Miracles of Christ, were all signs of the times. ^
  2. Proverbs 14:7 ^
  3. prosecete (prosechete) - "beware" ^
  4. Critical Text has "but" [de (de)] here. Majority and Received Text do not, but "but" is added to decent English. ^
  5. kaisareiav thv filippou (kaisareias tês philippou) - "Caesarea of the Philip" known as Caesarea Philippi. This is the same name as “Philip” e.g. in Matthew 10:3; 14:3; etc.. ^
  6. Critical Text does not have me (me) - "I" ^
  7. bariwna (bariôna) - "son of Jonah" = hn;/y rB' (bar yonah) ^
  8. New info? No, see John 1:41; Matthew 14:33. Yet, Job 38:36, the only way Peter could know and continue to know this is by the Father (see Luke 8:18). ^
  9. Petrov (petros), masculine singular - "Peter" ^
  10. petra (petra), feminine singular – "rock" – Christ is called the petra (petra) in 1 Corinthians 10:4. Ephesians 2:20 says, “built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Joshua Christ Himself being the chief cornerstone.” ^
  11. ekklhsian (ekklêsian) - "assembly" - translated "church" (e.g. NKJV 1 Corinthians 11:18; 14:4; etc.) and "congregation" (e.g. Acts 7:38) or "assembly" (Acts 19:32, 39, 41; Hebrews 2:12). From ek (ek), "out of" and klhsiv (klêsis) "call" or "calling" (e.g. Hebrews 3:1). This is the word used for Hebrews 2:12 translated "assembly" and in the LXX for Psalm 22:22 for "assembly," Hebrew lh;q; (qahal) "assembly" (e.g. Genesis 49:6). ^
  12. katiscusousin (katischusousin) - "prevail" - found also only in Luke 21:36; 23:23. ^
  13. singular, reference to Peter. Peter preached to the Jews in Acts 2 & 3 (see 2:41; 4:4), to the Gentiles in Acts 10. ^
  14. See Matthew 18:15-18; John 20:23; Acts 5:1-11; Galatians 2:1-9. ^
  15. Critical Text leaves out "Joshua." ^
  16. Opposition from those who are suppose to be in the truth (Psalm 118:22). ^
  17. This warning is noted also in Matthew 17:21-23; 20:18-19; Mark 8:31; 9:31-32; 10:32-34; Luke 9:44-45; 18:31-34. ^
  18. ilewv (ileôs) - "Mercy" - found only one other place in the NT, Hebrews 8:12. ^
  19. Joshua reveals His zeal here. He adamantly opposes Peter and any temptation to avoid His God ordained suffering. ^
  20. Satana (satana) - "Satan" - from Hebrew ÷f;c; (satan) meaning "adversary" (e.g. Numbers 22:22, 32; 1 Kings 11:14). ^
  21. Man's agenda here = Satan's (see also Acts 26:18; Ephesians 2:1-3). ^
  22. opisw (opisô) - "after" - same word as in verse 23 for "behind." ^
  23. "deny himself" = 1 Corinthians 9:19-22, 27; 10:24, 33; Romans 14:7-8; 1 Corinthians 15:58; 2 Corinthians 5:15; Romans 8:13; Galatians 5:24; Philippians 2:3-4 (vs. 21). Yet, at the same time, Ephesians 5:29. ^
  24. stauron (stauron) - "cross" - Was it a "stake" not a cross? The sign was above His head (Matthew 27:37). It does not say above his hands. There were two nails (John 20:25). See also John 21:18. ^
  25. 1 Peter 2:20-21; 4:1-2 ^
  26. quchn (psuchên) - "soul" ^
  27. Psalm 49:6-13 ^
  28. praxin (praxin) - "deed" - found also only in Luke 23:51; Acts 19:18; Romans 8:13; 12:4 (NKJV "function"); Colossians 3:9. See also Romans 2:6-10; Galatians 6:7-8. ^
  29. geuswntai (geusôntai) - “taste” - found also only in Matthew 27:34; Mark 9:1; Luke 9:27; 14:24; John 2:9 (“tasted”); 8:52; Acts 10:10 (“to eat”); 20:11 (“eaten”); 23:14 (“eat”); Colossians 2:21(“taste”); Hebrews 2:9 (“taste”); 6:4-5 (“tasted”); 1 Peter 2:3 (“tasted”). ^
  30. Mirrored here^

6 Responses

  1. "And if your brother sins against you, go and rebuke him between you and him alone. If he hears you, you gained your brother. -- ekerdhsav (ekerdêsas) - "gained" - found also only in Matthew 16:26; 25:16-17, 20, 22; Mark 8:36; Luke 9:25; Acts 27:21; 1 Corinthians 9:19-22; Philippians 3:8; James 4:13; 1 Peter 3:1. See also Proverbs 11:30; 1 Timothy 4:16.

    But if he refuses to hear them, tell the assembly. But if he refuses to hear even the assembly, let him be to you as the heathen and the tax collector. -- ἐκκλησίᾳ (ekklêsia) - “assembly” - see footnote for Matthew 16:18.

  2. Then Joshua spoke to the crowds and to his disciples, saying, “The scribes and the Pharisees sit upon the seat of Moses. -- In light of Matthew 15:1-9 (Mark 7:1-13) and 16:6-12, Joshua is not blanketly saying do everything the scribes and Pharisees say, but rather, in the context of them sitting in the seat of Moses (i.e. speaking the law, yet e.g. Mark 7:19), do what they say. This is consistent with 1 Corinthians 9:20.

    “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you build the tombs of the prophets and decorate the tombs of the righteous ... -- mnhmeia (mnêmeia) - “tombs” - this word literally has the idea of a memorial, being it is akin to the noun for remembrance, mnhmhn (mnêmên), only found in 1 Peter 1:15 (“reminder” NKJV) and the verb mnhmoneuete (mnêmoneuete), e.g. Matthew 16:9; Luke 17:32. Here and in Luke 11:47 it is used in the sense of a grave memorial, but in the rest of the NT it is used simply in the sense of a grave/tomb. See Matthew 8:28; 27:52-53, 60(2x); 28:8; Mark 5:2; 6:29; 15:46; 16:2-3, 5, 8; Luke 11:44; 23:55; 24:2, 9, 12, 22, 24; John 5:28; 11:17, 31, 38; 12:17; 19:41-42; 20:1-4, 6, 8, 11; Acts 13:29.

  3. And when it was late, a wealthy man from Arimathea came, named Joseph, who himself was also a disciple of Joshua. -- oqiav (opsias) - “late” or “evening” - found also only in Matthew 8:16 (“late”); 14:15, 23; 16:2; 20:8; 26:20; Mark 1:32; 4:35; 6:47 (“evening”); 11:11 (“late”); 14:17; 15:42; John 6:16; 20:19 (“evening”).

  4. And receiving the silver, they did as they were instructed. And this word was made known among Jews until today. -- thv shmeron (tês sêmeron) - “today” - NKJV, KJV “this day” - the Greek word is the word for “today” found also e.g. in Matthew 16:3; 21:28; Luke 23:43 (“today”). “This day” is found e.g. in Acts 2:29 (τῆς ἡμέρας ταύτης); 23:1 (ταύτης τῆς ἡμέρας).

  5. And, accept one who is weak in the faith, not into discerning of doubts. -- διακρίσεις (diakriseis) “discerning”; JUB “discernment”; NAS “passing judgment”; “disputes” NKJV – this noun is also in 1 Corinthians 12:10 (“discerning”) and Hebrews 5:14 (to “discern” both good and evil). The related verb (“to discern” e.g. Matthew 16:3) is used as a participle, διακρινόμενος (diakrinomenos), for “he who doubts” in Romans 14:23.

  6. Again the Devil takes him to a very high mountain and shows him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory. -- κοσμου (kosmou) - “world” - this is the more common word for “world.” It is found about 187 times in the NT (e.g. Matthew 5:14; 13:35, 38; 16:26; 18:7; 1 John 2:2, 15-16; 5:4-5, 19; etc.). See also Luke 2:1 and footnote for the “inhabited world.”

    Then Joshua says to him, “Get behind me, Satan! For it is written, ‘The Lord your God you shall worship and him only shall you serve.” -- Σατανα (satana) - "Satan" - from Hebrew שָׂטָן (sâtân) meaning "adversary" (e.g. Numbers 22:22, 32; 1 Kings 11:14). In the New Testament σατανας (satanas) "satan" is used with the definite article referring to Satan the person most of the time (Matthew 12:26 [2x]; Mark 1:13; 3:26; 4:15; Luke 10:18; 11:18; 13:16; 22:31; John 13:27; Acts 5:3; 26:18; Romans 16:20; 1 Corinthians 5:5; 7:5; 2 Corinthians 2:11; 11:14; 1 Thessalonians 2:18; 2 Thessalonians 2:9; 1 Timothy 1:20; 5:15; Revelation 2:9, 13 [2x], 24; 3:9; 12:9; 20:2, 7). Yet, it is found without the definite article where it is clearly speaking of the person Satan in Luke 22:3 (compare with John 13:27) and 2 Corinthians 12:7. Compare Mark 3:23 (without the definite article) with Matthew 12:26 (with the definite article). Σατανας (Satanas) is also found without the article in Matthew 4:10; 16:23; Mark 8:33 where all three are υπαγε οπισω μου, σατανα (hupage opisô mou, satana) "Get behind me, Satan" (or adversary). In Matthew 4:1 Joshua is speaking to Satan. In Matthew 16:23 & Mark 8:33 He is talking to Peter.

Leave a Reply

Your criticism is welcome. Your name and website are optional. Some HTML tags are allowed.