Daniel P. Barron

Leviticus 2

Friday, October 28, 2022 

1 'And the soul that brings an offering, a grain offering i to Yehvah, his offering shall be fine flour, and he shall pour oil upon it and put frankincense upon it. 2 And he shall bring it to the priests, the sons of Aaron, and he shall grasp from there his full handful from its fine flour and from its oil upon all its frankincense; and the priest shall cause its memorial ii to smoke as incense on the altar, a fire offering, a soothing aroma to Yehvah. 3 And the rest of the grain offering is for Aaron and his sons. It is holy of holies iii of Yehvah's fire offerings.'

4 'And if you bring an offering, a grain offering oven baked, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed in the oil and unleavened wafers anointed iv in the oil. v 5 And if your offering is a grain offering upon a pan, fine flour mixed in oil, unleavened it shall be. 6 Break vi it up into morsels, vii and you shall pour oil upon it. It is a grain offering. 7 If your offering is a grain offering in a covered pan, viii you shall make fine flour in oil. 8 And you shall bring the grain offering which was made from these to Yehvah, and when it is brought to the priest, he shall bring it near to the altar. 9 And the priest shall take up its memorial from the grain offering, and cause it to smoke as incense on the altar, a fire offering, a soothing aroma to Yehvah. 10 And the rest of the grain offering is for Aaron and his sons. It is holy of holies of Yehvah's fire offerings.'

11 'Every grain offering which you bring to Yehvah shall not be made with leaven, for all leaven and all honey you shall not cause to smoke as incense from it ix as a fire offering to Yehvah. 12 The offering of the first, x you shall offer them to Yehvah, and on the altar they shall not be offered up for a soothing aroma. 13 xi Every offering of your grain offering you shall season with salt, xii and you shall not cease the salt of the covenant xiii of your Gods from upon your grain offering, upon every offering of yours you shall bring with salt.' xiv

14 'And if you bring a grain offering of the firstfruits xv to Yehvah, head xvi roasted in the fire, groat xvii of new growth, xviii you shall bring with the grain offering of your firstfruits. 15 And you shall put upon it oil, and you shall place upon it frankincense. It is a grain offering. 16 And the priest shall cause its memorial to smoke as incense from its groats and from its oil upon all of its frankincense, a fire offering to Yehvah.'

Leviticus 1 - Leviticus 3

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf. xix

  1. מִנְחָה (minchâh) - "grain offering" - used also for "gift" (e.g. Genesis 32:13, 18, 20-21; 33:10; 43:11, 15, 25-26), "tribute" (Judges 3:15, 17-18[2x]; 2 Samuel 8:2), "offering" in general (e.g. Genesis 4:3-5; Numbers 16:15; 1 Samuel 2:17, 29), and as here, "grain offering" (e.g. 1 Chronicles 21:23; 23:29; 1 Kings 8:64). ^
  2. אֶת־אַוְכָּרָתָהּ ('et-'azkârâtâh) - "its memorial" ^
  3. קֹדֶשׁ קָדָשִׁים (qodesh qâdâshiym) - "holy of holies" ^
  4. מְשֻׁחִים (meshuchiym) - "anointed" ^
  5. בַּשָּׁמֶן (bashâmen) - "in the oil" ^
  6. פָּתוֹת (pâthoth) - "Break . . . up" - infinitive - verb only found here. ^
  7. פִּתִּים (pittiym) - "morsels" - This is interesting language in the Hebrew. The first part of this verse reads, פָּתוֹת אֹתָהּ פִּתִּים (pâtot 'otâh pittiym). ^
  8. מַרְחֶשֶׁת (marcheshet) - "covered pan" - found only here and in Leviticus 7:9. KJV translates "fryingpan," NKJV "covered pan," NAS "pan" with footnote, "Lit., lidded cooking pan." The verb akin to this is רָחַשׁ (râchash) found only in Psalm 45:1 (KJV "inditing," NKJV "overflowing," NAS "overflows" with footnote "Lit., astir"). It is difficult to determine the exact meaning on both of these words, since their use is limited in the OT. ^
  9. מִמֶּנּוּ (mimmennu) - "from it" ^
  10. רֵאשִׁית (rê'shiyt) - "first" - NKJV "firstfruits" - see footnote for Leviticus 2:14^
  11. The "you" switches in the Hebrew from plural (verses 11-12) to singular (verses 13-15). ^
  12. בַּמֶּלַח תִּמְלָח (bammelach timlâch) - "you shall season with salt" - more literally, "you shall salt in the salt." ^
  13. See also Numbers 18:19; 2 Chronicles 13:5^
  14. Symbolic (Hebrews 9:9) of hell? See Deuteronomy 29:23; Mark 9:49. But this is a grain offering, not a sacrifice of blood? ^
  15. בִּכּוּרִים (bikkuriym) - "firstfruits" ^
  16. אָבִיב ('âviyv) - “head” i.e. head of grain – used as “head” of grain in Exodus 9:31. See also footnote for Exodus 13:4^
  17. גֶּרֶשׂ (geres) - "groats" (K&B, BDB or "grits") - NAS has "grits," NKJV "grain beaten," KJV "corn beaten" - גֶּרֶשׂ (geres) is only found here and verse 16^
  18. כַּרְמֶל (karmel) - "new growth" - used similarly in Leviticus 23:14 (NKJV "fresh grain;" KJV "green ears;" NAS "new growth") and 2 Kings 4:42 (NKJV "newly ripened grain;" KJV "full ears of corn in the husk thereof;" NAS "fresh ears of grain"). Elsewhere, it has the idea of a "fruitful field" (NKJV, e.g. Isaiah 10:18; 16:10; 29:17[2x]; 32:15[2x]-16; 37:24), and is used for the location of Mount Carmel (e.g. Joshua 19:26) and the city of Carmel (e.g. Joshua 15:55). ^
  19. Mirrored here^

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