Daniel P. Barron

Deuteronomy 3

Saturday, November 19, 2022 

1 “And we turned and went up the road of the Bashan. And Og king of the Bashan came out to meet us, he and all his people, to war at Edrei. 2 And Yehvah said to me, 'Do not fear him, for I have given him into your hand and all his people and his land. And you shall do to him just as you did to Sihon king of the Amorites who dwelt in Heshbon.' 3 And Yehvah our Gods gave in our hand also Og king of the Bashan and all his people, and we struck him until there was not a survivor left to him. 4 And we captured all of his cities at that time. There was not a town which we did not take from them, every region of Argob, i kingdom of Og in the Bashan. 5 All these were fortified cities, high wall, ii dual doors iii and bar, iv besides the cities of the very many hamlet dweller. v 6 And we utterly destroyed them, just as we did to Sihon king of Heshbon, vi utterly destroying every city, males, the women and the children. vii 7 And every animal and spoil of the cities we plundered for ourselves.

8 “And we took at that time the land from the hand of the two kings viii of the Amorites who were beyond the Jordan from the brook Arnon to the mountain of Hermon ix 9 (Sidonians x call Hermon Sirion, xi and the Armorites call it Senir) xii 10 all the cities of the plain, all of the Gilead and all of the Bashan unto Salcah xiii and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in the Bashan. 11 For only Og king of the Bashan remained from the remnant of the Rephaim. xiv Behold, his bed is a bed xv of iron. Is she not in Rabbah xvi of the sons of Ammon? Nine cubits is her length, and four cubits her width, in a cubit of man. xvii

12 And this land we possessed at that time, from Aroer which is by the brook Arnon, and half the mountain of the Gilead, and his cities I gave to the Reubenites and the Gadites. 13 And the rest of the Gilead and all of the Bashan, kingdom of Og, I gave to the half tribe of the Manasseh. Every region of the Argob to all of that Bashan was called land of Rephaim. 14 Jair son of Manasseh took every region of Argob unto the border of the Geshurites xviii and the Maachathites, xix and called them, the Bashan, after his name, village of xx Jair, unto this day. 15 And to Machir I gave the Gilead. 16 And to the Reubenites and to the Gadites I gave from the Gilead and unto the brook Arnon, middle of the brook and border, and unto Jabbok the brook, border of the sons of Ammon, 17 and the plain and the Jordan and the border of Chinnereth xxi and unto the sea of the plain, xxii sea of the salt, under the slopes of the Pisgah.” xxiii

18 “And I commanded you at that time saying, 'Yehvah your Gods has given to you this land to possess it. You shall cross over armed before your brethren, sons of Israel, all sons of valor. 19 Only your women and your children and your livestock (I know you have much livestock) shall dwell in your cities, which I have given you, 20 until which Yehvah gives rest to your brethren as you. And they also possess the land which Yehvah your Gods gives to them across the Jordan. And you shall return each to his possession which I have given to you.'”

21 “And Joshua xxiv I commanded at that time saying, 'Your eyes have seen all that Yehvah your Gods did xxv to these two kings. xxvi Thus, Yehvah will do to all the kingdoms which you pass through there. 22 Do not fear them, for Yehvah your Gods himself fights them for you.'”

23 “And I pleaded to Yehvah at that time saying, 24 'My Lords Yehvih, xxvii you have begun to show your servant your great and strong hand, which, what god xxviii in the heavens and in the earth who has done as your works and as your might? xxix 25 Please let me cross over and let me see the good land which is beyond the Jordan, this good mountain and the Lebannon.' 26 And Yehvah was furious xxx with me because of you xxxi and did not listen to me. And Yehvah said to me, 'You have much, xxxii do not again speak to me again on this matter. 27 Go up to the top of the Pisgah and lift your eyes toward the sea and north and south and east and see in your eyes, for you will not cross this Jordan. 28 And command Joshua and encourage him and strengthen him, for he will cross over before this people. And he will cause them to inherit the land you see.' 29 And we dwelt in the valley in front of the house of Peor.” xxxiii

Deuteronomy 2 - Deuteronomy 4

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf. xxxiv

  1. אַרְגֹּב ('arggov) - “Argob” - found also in Deut. 3:13-14; 1 Kings 4:13, and the name of a man in 2 Kings 15:25^
  2. חוֹמָה גְבֹהָה (chomâh gevohâh) - “high wall” (singular) – KJV, NKJV, NAS, etc. “high walls” ^
  3. דְּלָתַיּם (delâtayim) - “dual doors” - KJV, NKJV, NAS “gates” - this is the word for doors (or gates) in the dual (two) form, YLT “two-leaved doors.” ^
  4. בְּרִיַח (beriyach) - “bar” YLT; “bars” KJV, NKJV, NAS, etc.. Singular as here with gate, see also 1 Samuel 23:7; Judges 16:3; 1 Kings 4:13; 2 Chronicles 8:5; Jeremiah 49:31; Ezekiel 38:11. For plural with gate, see 2 Chronicles 14:7(H6); Nehemiah 3:3, 6, 13-15; Lamentations 2:9; Nahum 3:13^
  5. פְּרָזִי (perâziy) - “hamlet dweller” (BDB) - KJV, NAS “unwalled”; NKJV “rural” - a “hamlet” is a small village. פְּרָזִי (perâziy) “hamlet dweller” is also found in 1 Samuel 6:18 (“country” KJV, NKJV, NAS; “hamlet” YLT) & Esther 9:19 (qere). ^
  6. The war against Sihon is recorded in Numbers 21:21-25. The utter destruction (every man, woman, and child killed) is not explicitly recorded there, except by implication in Numbers 21:34-35 (“as you did to Sihon . . . no survivor left”). The utter destruction (every man, woman, and child) of Sihon's kingdom is explicitly stated in Deuteronomy 2:32-34^
  7. Again, not even the children are spared. See footnote for Deuteronomy 2:34^
  8. Two kings of the Amorites? = “Sihon and Og, the kings of the Amorites” (Deuteronomy 31:4) ^
  9. חֶרְמוֹן (chermon) - “Hermon” - found also in Deuteronomy 4:48; Joshua 11:3, 17; 12:1, 5; 13:5, 11; 1 Chronicles 5:23; Psalm 42:6(H7); 89:12(H13 “Tabor and Hermon rejoice in Your name”); 133:3; Song of Solomon 4:8^
  10. צִידֹנִים (tsiydon) - “Sidonians” - sometimes spelled “Zidonians” (e.g. Judges 3:3 NKJV) also found in Joshua 13:4, 6; Judges 3:3; 10:12; 18:7(2x); 1 Kings 5:6(H20, “none among us who has skill to cut timber like the Sidonians”); 11:1 (one or more of Solomon's many wives), 5 (“Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians”), 33; 16:31 (Ahab's wife Jezebel was “the daughter of Ethbaal, king of the Sidonians”); 2 Kings 23:13; 1 Chronicles 22:4; Ezra 3:7 (NKJV “the people of Sidon”); Ezekiel 32:30 (interesting, “They lie uncircumcised”). ^
  11. שִׂרְיֹן (siryon) - “Sirion” - found also in Psalm 29:6. In this Psalm it is noted the Lord makes Sirion “skip . . . like a son of rhinoceri” (בֶן־רְאֵמִים [ben-re'êmiym] plural of רְאֵם [re'êm] “rhino” - see footnote for Numbers 23:22). For skipping mountains, see also Psalm 114:4-6^
  12. שְׂניר (seniyr) - “Senir” - found also in 1 Chronciles 5:23; Song of Solomon 4:8 (“from the top of Senir and Hermon”); Ezekiel 27:5^
  13. סַלְכָה (salkhâh) - “Salcah” - found also in Joshua 12:5; 13:11; 1 Chronicles 5:11^
  14. רְפָאִים (rephâiym) - “Rephaim” (NAS) - KJV, NKJV “giants” - for more on Rephaim, see footnote for Genesis 14:5. For Og being the “only” one left “from the remnant of the Rephaim,” see Deuteronomy 2:10-11, 20^
  15. עַרְשׂוֹ עֶרֶשׂ (`arso `eres) - “his bed is a bed” - likely = “his coffin” being in the context of Og being dead (see Deuteronomy 1:3-4; 3:1-11) and noted to be in Rabbah. NET Bible translates it as “sarcophagus,” CEV, GNT “coffin.” This word for bed, עֶרֶשׂ (`eres) found twice here, is found also in 2 Samuel 17:28 (“beds”); Job 7:13 (“bed”); Psalm 6:7 (“couch”//bed); 41:4 (“bed”); 132:3 (“bed”); Proverbs 7:16 (“bed”); Song of Solomon 1:16 (“bed”); Amos 3:12 (“couch”//bed); 6:4 (“couch”//bed). In OT NKJV has “coffin” in Genesis 50:26 (see footnote) & 2 Samuel 3:31 (מִּטָּה [mittâh] elsewhere translated “bed” e.g. 1 Samuel 28:23 or “couch” e.g. Esther 7:8). ^
  16. רַבַּת (rabbat) - “Rabbah” - found also in Joshua 13:25; 15:60; 2 Samuel 11:1; 12:26-27, 29; 17:27; 1 Chronicles 20:1(2x); Jeremiah 49:2-3; Ezekiel 21:20(H25); 25:5; Amos 1:14. This word means “much” or “many” or “great” (e.g. Genesis 6:5 “great”; Deuteronomy 25:3 “many”; 2 Chronicles 14:14(H13) “much”). ^
  17. אִישׁ (iysh) - “man” (KJV) - “standard” NKJV, “ordinary” NAS – This “cubit of man” tends to support the idea of a cubit being about eighteen inches, the length from the elbow to the end of the fingers. Notice, the “handbreadth” along with the “cubit” measure in Ezekiel 40:5; 43:13^
  18. גְּשׁוּרי (geshuriy) - “Geshurites” - found also in Joshua 12:5; 13:2, 11, 13 (“Israel did not drive out the Geshurites”); 1 Samuel 27:8^
  19. מַּעֲכָתִי (ma`akhâtiy) - “Maachathites” - found also in Joshua 12:5; 13:11, 13 (“Israel did not drive out the Geshurites or the Maachathites”); 2 Samuel 23:34 (Eliphelet, one of the mighty men, was a Maachathite); 2 Kings 25:23; 1 Chronicles 4:19; Jeremiah 40:8 ^
  20. חַוֹּת (chavvot) - “village of” - This is the same name (except in the construct thus meaning “of”) as Eve. See footnotes for Genesis 3:20 & Numbers 32:41^
  21. כִּנֶֹּרֶת (kinneret) - “Chinnereth” = Sea of Galilee, see footnote for Numbers 34:11^
  22. עֲרָבָה (`arâvâh) - “plain” - NKJV “Arabah” - same word as “plain” (NKJV) earlier in this same verse. ^
  23. This locates the slopes of Pisgah to be just east of the Salt Sea. For Pisgah, see footnote for Numbers 21:20^
  24. יְהוֹשׁוּעַ (yehoshu`a) - “Joshua” = Ἰησοῖ (iêsoi) LXX - typically translated “Jesus” in the NT. See Matthew 1:1^
  25. God destroyed them, and the Bashan (Og's kingdom) was known as a “land of Rephaim” (i.e. giants, Deuteronomy 3:13). ^
  26. Two kings? Context is Sihon and Og, “Sihon and Og, the kings of the Amorites” (Deuteronomy 31:4). ^
  27. אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה ('adonâi yehvih) - “My Lords Yehvih” - found about two-hundred and ninety-three times. See footnote for Genesis 15:2^
  28. אֵל ('êl) - “god” ^
  29. גְבוּרֹתֶךָ (gevurotekhâ) - “your might” - the word for “might” here is in the plural, thus NKJV “mighty deeds.” ^
  30. יִּתְעַבֵּר (yit`abbêr) - “furious” - NKJV, NAS “angry”; KJV “wroth” - This is the hithpael form of the root word עָבַר (`âvar) “pass [or cross] over” found also in the hithpael form in Psalm 78:21, 59, 62 (all of God being “furious” NKJV); 88:38(H39, of God “furious”); Proverbs 14:16 (“rages”); 20:2 (“provokes . . . to anger”); 26:17 (“meddles”). ^
  31. Moses mentions this again in Deuteronomy 4:21-22. Also mentioned in Numbers 27:12-14; Deuteronomy 32:48-52; Psalm 106:32-33. The incident is found in Numbers 20:2-13^
  32. רַב־לָךְ (rav-lâkh) - “You have much” - NKJV “Enough of that!”; NAS “Enough!”; KJV “Let it suffice thee” ^
  33. בֵּית פְּעוֹר (bêyt pe`or) - “house of Peor” - NKJV “Beth Peor” - “Beth” בֵּית (bêyt) = “house” - this location is “in the land of Sihon king of the Amorites” (Deut 4:46) “in the land of Moab” where Moses was buried (Deut 34:6). ^
  34. Mirrored here^

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