Daniel P. Barron

Romans 14

Saturday, April 23, 2022 

1 And, accept one who is weak in the faith, not into discerning i of doubts. ii 2 Indeed, one who believes to eat all, but one weak eats vegetables. iii 3 Let not him who eats despise the one who does not eat, and let not him who does not eat judge the one who eats. For the God accepted him.

4 Who are you who judges another's household servant? iv To his own lord he stands or falls. And, he will be made to stand, for the God is able to make him stand.

5 Indeed, one judges a day above a day, and one judges every day. Let each in his own mind be fully convinced. 6 He who regards v the day, to lord he regards. And the one who does not regard the day, to lord he does not regard. vi And the one who eats, to lord he eats, for he gives thanks to the God. And the one who does not eat, to lord he does not eat, and gives thanks to the God. vii

7 For none of us lives to himself, and no one dies to himself. viii 8 For if we live, to the lord we live. And if we die, to the lord we die. Whether then we live or if we die, we are the lord's. 9 For unto this Christ died and rose and lived, ix so that he might be lord of both dead and living.

10 And, who are you who judges your brother? Or again, who are you who despises his brother? For we will all stand before the judgment seat x of Christ. 11 For it has been written, “I live, says lord, that to me every knee shall bow, and every tongue will confess to the God.” 12 So then, each of us shall give a word about himself to the God.

13 Therefore, let us no longer judge one another, but judge this rather, not to place a stumbling stone or an offense to the brother. 14 I have known and have been persuaded in lord Joshua, that nothing is common xi through itself, except for the one who considers something to be common, that is common.

15 And if through food your brother is grieved, you are no longer walking according to love. Do not destroy with your food that one for whom Christ died. xii 16 Therefore, let not your good be blasphemed. 17 For the kingdom of the God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in holy spirit. 18 For the one who serves the Christ in these things is pleasing to the God and approved by men. 19 So then, let us pursue the things of the peace and the things of the building xiii of one another.

20 Do not destroy the work of God on account of food. Indeed, all things are clean, but it is bad to the man who eats through a stumbling stone. 21 It is good not to eat the meat, or not to drink wine, or not in whatever your brother stumbles or is offended or is made weak. 22 Do you have faith? Have it to yourself before the God. Happy is the one who does not judge himself in what he approves. 23 But, the one who doubts, if he eats, has been condemned, because it's not from faith. And, everything which is not from faith is sin.

Romans 13 - Romans 15

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf.

  1. διακρίσεις (diakriseis) “discerning”; JUB “discernment”; NAS “passing judgment”; “disputes” NKJV – this noun is also in 1 Corinthians 12:10 (“discerning”) and Hebrews 5:14 (to “discern” both good and evil). The related verb (“to discern” e.g. Matthew 16:3) is used as a participle, διακρινόμενος (diakrinomenos), for “he who doubts” in Romans 14:23. ^
  2. διαλογισμῶν (dislogismôn) “doubts” - used in this same way in Luke 24:38, elsewhere “thoughts” (e.g. Romans 1:21), or “dispute” (e.g. Luke 9:46). ^
  3. See Daniel 1:5-16 ^
  4. οἰκέτην (oiketên) “household servant” - see footnote for Luke 16:13. ^
  5. φρονῶν (phronôn) “regards” - basic idea of verb is to “think” (e.g. Romans 12:3[2x]). ^
  6. CT does not have “And the one who does not regard the day, to lord he does not regard.” ^
  7. Giving thanks (Ephesians 5:4) for all things (Ephesians 5:20) and in all things (1 Thessalonians 5:18). ^
  8. Good verse revealing “self-seeking” (Romans 2:8 & ft) people (those who live for themselves) are lost. ^
  9. RT has ἀνέζησεν (anexêsen) “lived again” ^
  10. βήματι (bêmati) “judgment seat” - see footnote in Matthew 27:19. ^
  11. κοινὸν (koinon) “common” - see Mark 7:2 & Acts 11:8 and footnotes. ^
  12. See also 1 Corinthians 8:10-13 ^
  13. οἰκοδομῆς (oikodomês) “building” - noun – used for actual “buildings” (plural) Matthew 24:1; Mark 13:1-2. Used in the sense of edification (building up) in e.g. 1 Corinthians 14:3, 5, 12, 16; Ephesians 4:12, 16, 29; used for the “building” (i.e. the body of Christ) in 1 Corinthians 3:9; Ephesians 2:21; and for the “building” (body) we have in the heavens in 2 Corinthians 5:1. ^

2 Responses

  1. Let each of us please the neighbor for the good to edification. -- οἰκοδομήν (oikodomên) “edification” = “building” of Romans 14:9 (see footnote).

  2. The grace of our lord Joshua Christ be with you all. Amen. -- This verse is not in the CT, and this is the last verse in the MT. RT & CT continue with verses 25-27. MT has these same verses in Romans 14:24-26.

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