Daniel P. Barron

Romans 2

Tuesday, November 30, 2021 

1 Therefore, you are without excuse, O man, everyone who judges, for in which you judge the other, you condemn yourself. For you practice the same things, the one judging. i 2 And we know that the judgment of the God is according to truth upon those who practice such things. 3 And do you reckon this, O man, he who judges those practicing such things and does the same, that you will escape the judgment of the God? 4 Or, do you despise the wealth of his kindness ii and the forbearance and the long-suffering, not knowing iii that the kindness of the God leads you into repentance?

5 But, according to your hardness and unrepentant heart iv you are storing up for yourself anger in a day of anger v and revelation and righteous judgment of the God, 6 who will render each according to his work; 7 to those, indeed, in endurance of good work vi seek glory and honor and immortality, eternal life. 8 But, to those out of self-seeking, and indeed, they are disobedient to the truth, but obey the unrighteousness, vii wrath and anger, 9 tribulation and anguish upon every soul of man who works the bad, of Jew first viii and also of Greek, 10 but glory and honor and peace to everyone works the good, to Jew first and also to Greek.

11 For there is no partiality ix with the God. 12 For as many as sinned without law will also perish without law, and as many as sinned in law, will be judged by law. 13 For not the hearers of the law are just before the God, but the doers of the law will be justified. x 14 For when nations who have not law by nature do the things of the law, these not having law, are a law to themselves, 15 who show the work of the law written on their hearts, their conscience bearing witness, and the thoughts accusing or else defending one another, 16 on a day when the God judges the hidden things of the men, according to my good news, through Joshua Christ.

17 Look, xi you are called a Jew, and you rest on the law and boast in God, 18 and know the will and approve the things that matter, being instructed out of the law, 19 and are confident you yourself are a guide of blind ones, a light of those in darkness, 20 an instructor of foolish ones, a teacher of babes, having the form of the knowledge and the truth in the law.

21 Therefore, the one who teaches another, do you not teach yourself? The one who preaches not to steal, do you steal? 22 The one who says not to commit adultery, do you commit adultery? xii The one who abhors idols, do you rob temples? xiii 23 You who boast in the law, through the transgression of the law, do you not dishonor the God? 24 For the name of the God, because of you, is blasphemed among the nations, just as it is written. xiv

25 For indeed, circumcision is profitable, if you do law. But, if you are a transgressor of law, your circumcision has become uncircumcision. 26 If therefore, the uncircumcised one keeps the requirements of the law, will not his uncircumcision be considered circumcision? 27 And will not the one uncircumcised by nature, fulfilling the law, judge you, through letter xv and circumcision, the transgressor of the law? 28 For he is not a Jew who is so outwardly, neither is the circumcision outward in flesh. 29 But, he is a Jew who is so inwardly, a circumcision of heart, xvi in spirit, not in letter, whose praise is not from men, but from God.

Romans 1 - Romans 3

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf.

  1. Due, at least in part, to the fact that “Every way of a man is right in his own eyes,” (Proverbs 21:2) yet they aren't right. (Psalm 14:1-4) See also Proverbs 12:15; 16:2; 30:12. (describes all the unsaved) Sadly, even believers, being in the flesh, are under this same curse. (e.g. Matthew 7:1-5) ^
  2. χρηστότητος (chrêstotêtos) “kindness” NAS; “goodness” NKJV – found also in Romans 3:12 (“good” NKJV, NAS; “kindness” CEB, etc. see footnote for Romans 3:12) & 2 Corinthians 6:6. (“kindness” NKJV) Root of this word is “kind” (NKJV) χρηστός (chrêstos) e.g. Luke 6:35. ^
  3. ἀγνοῶν (agnoôn) “not knowing” participle of same root as the noun “ignorance” ἄγνοιαν (agnoian) e.g. in Ephesians 4:18 ^
  4. “unrepentant heart” = an unbeliever. (e.g. Matthew 9:13; Luke 15:7; Acts 5:31; 11:18) ^
  5. “a day of anger” = not necessarily or only the final judgment day, but a day when God reveals his righteous judgment upon the individual (Romans 1:18 “is revealed”) which He does every day. (Job 38:12-13) ^
  6. Only work in faith is good work. (Romans 14:23) See also Titus 3:8, 14; Hebrews 10:24. ^
  7. “but obey unrighteousness” - It's one or the other. See Romans 6:16-23. ^
  8. The good news is to the Jew first (Romans 1:16; John 4:22) and so is judgment. ^
  9. See also 2 Chronicles 19:7; Job 37:24; Ephesians 6:9; Colossians 3:25. Partiality toward God is even wrong, (Job 13:8-11) for God desires truth. (Psalm 51:6a; Jeremiah 5:3 “yours eyes to truth”) ^
  10. These “doers of the law” = doers of the law in the true sense, that is, in faith, which is “from the heart.” (Romans 6:17; Ephesians 6:6; Deuteronomy 6:6 “upon your heart”; 30:14//Romans 10:6-8) ^
  11. MT & RT Ἴδε (ide) “Look” (imperative); CT Εἰ δὲ (Ei de) “But if” ^
  12. The answer is yes. (Matthew 5:27-28; Romans 7:7f) Except, for a believer there is repentance in faith. (Romans 7:14-25) ^
  13. ἱεροσυλεῖς (hierosuleis) “you rob temples,” (verb) see related noun “temple robbers” in Acts 19:37. Under the law, idols were to be utterly destroyed. (Deuteronomy 12:1-3) ^
  14. Isaiah 52:5 ^
  15. γράμματος (grammatos) “letter,” (singular) used for “letters” (plural, like of the alphabet) in 2 Corinthians 3:7 (“letters engraved on stone” NAS) & Galatians 6:11. This “letter” is a reference to that written of Scripture. ^
  16. Deuteronomy 10:16; 30:6; Jeremiah 4:4 ^

3 Responses

  1. All turned aside. Together they became unprofitable. There is none who does kindness. There is not even one. -- χρηστότητα (chrêstotêta) “kindness” (see footnote for Romans 2:3) - //Psalm 14:1, 3; 53:1,3 טוֹב (tov) “good”; LXX Psalm 14:1, 3[13:1, 3] χρηστότητα (chrêstotêta) “kindness”; 53:1, 3[52:1, 4] ἀγαθόν (ayathon) “good.”

  2. ...through whom we also have access by the faith into this grace in which we have stood; and we boast upon hope of the glory of the God. -- καυχώμεθα (kauchômetha) “boast” YLT; (same verb as in Romans 2:17, 23 “boast”; likewise in Romans 5:3, 11) “rejoice” NKJV; “exalt” NAS – See also Jeremiah 9:23-24 NAS. (“boast”)

  3. For none of us lives to himself, and no one dies to himself. -- Good verse revealing “self-seeking” (Romans 2:8 & ft) people (those who live for themselves) are lost.

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