Daniel P. Barron

Romans 5

Thursday, December 30, 2021 

1 Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with the God through our Lord Joshua Christ, 2 through whom we also have access by the faith into this grace i in which we have stood; and we boast ii upon hope of the glory iii of the God.

3 And not only, but we also boast in the tribulations, knowing that the tribulation produces endurance, 4 and the endurance, character, and the character, hope. iv 5 And the hope does not put to shame, because the love of the God has been poured out in our hearts through holy spirit who was given to us.

6 For while we were still weak, according to time, v Christ died for the ungodly. 7 For scarcely for a righteous one someone will die, yet for the good one perhaps someone would even dare to die. 8 But, the God demonstrates his own love for us, that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. vi

9 Much more then, having been justified now in his blood, we shall be saved through him from the wrath. 10 For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to the God through the death of his son, much more being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. 11 And not only that, but we also boast in the God through our lord Joshua Christ, through whom now we received the reconciliation.

12 Therefore, just as through one man the sin entered into the world, and the death because of the sin, so also the death came through to all men, upon which all sinned. vii 13 For until law, sin was in the world, but sin is not charged, not having law. 14 But, the death reigned from Adam until Moses, even upon those who did not sin upon the likeness of the transgression of Adam, viii who is a type ix of the one coming.

15 But, the trespass is not like the gift. For if, by the trespass of the one the many died, much more did the grace of the God and the gift in grace by the one man, Joshua Christ, abound to the many. 16 And the gift is not as through the one who sinned, for indeed judgment was from one unto condemnation, but the gift was from many trespasses x unto justification. 17 For if by the one trespass the death reigned through the one, much more those receiving the abundance of the grace and the gift of the righteousness will reign in life through the one, Joshua Christ.

18 So then, as through one trespass was unto all men unto condemnation, so also through one righteous act is unto all men unto justification of life. 19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one the many will be made righteous. 20 For law came in alongside, xi so that the trespass might abound. xii But where the sin abounded, the grace abounded much more. 21 So that, just as the sin reigned in the death, so also the grace might reign through righteousness unto eternal life through Joshua Christ our lord.

Romans 4 - Romans 6

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdfs here and here.

  1. “access . . . into this grace” - key verse for understanding the “propitiation” is for all (1 John 2:2; John 1:29; 3:17//12:47; 1 Timothy 2:3-6; Hebrews 2:8-10; Romans 11:32), but not all access this grace; (Matthew 7:13 “few”) because they don't believe. (= no faith to access the grace) ^
  2. καυχώμεθα (kauchômetha) “boast” YLT; (same verb as in Romans 2:17, 23 “boast”; likewise in Romans 5:3, 11) “rejoice” NKJV; “exalt” NAS – See also Jeremiah 9:23-24 NAS. (“boast”) ^
  3. Romans 8:18-19; (2 Corinthians 4:17-18) 1 Corinthians 15:43; Colossians 3:4; 1 John 3:1-3. ^
  4. Character of obedience to God through trials produces hope knowing Christ is in you. (1 John 2:3-5) ^
  5. κατὰ καιρὸν (kata kairon) “according to time”; DRA “according to the time”; NKJV, YLT “in due time”; NAS “at the right time”- see also John 7:6-8 (8:59); Galatians 4:4. ^
  6. While He hated us, (Psalm 5:5-6) He loved us and died for us. ^
  7. The initial death is spiritual death, (Ephesians 2:1) just as God said to Adam, “for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.” (Genesis 2:17) Therefore, “upon which (upon the death) all sinned.” The spiritual death results in sin, “dead in trespasses and sins, in which you once walked according to the course of this world.” (Ephesians 2:1-2) ^
  8. “Likeness”? Adam was not lost (dead) IN sin as we are born therein. He was without sin. He also was NOT deceived as we are. (1 Timothy 2:14; Revelation 12:9) ^
  9. τύπος (tupos) “type” - 1 Corinthians 15:21-22, 45-49. ^
  10. “from many trespasses” - Romans 11:32 ^
  11. παρεισῆλθεν (pareisêlthen) “came in alongside” NTE; “slipped in” Lexicons; “entered” NKJV; “crept in” ISV; – verb found also only in Galatians 2:4 “came in by stealth” NKJV; “sneaked in” NAS. ^
  12. Romans 7:13; Galatians 3:19, 23-25. ^

3 Responses

  1. For the one who died has been justified from the sin. -- δεδικαίωται (dedikaiôtai) “justified” ASV, DARBY, etc.; “freed” NKJV, etc. - same verb as in e.g. Romans 5:9.

  2. ..in the hope, rejoicing, in the tribulation, enduring, in the prayer, continuing.. -- Matthew 13:21//Mark 4:17; Matthew 24:13; Luke 21:19; John 16:33; Romans 5:3; 8:35; 1 Thessalonians 3:4; Revelation 1:9

Leave a Reply

Your criticism is welcome. Your name and website are optional. Some HTML tags are allowed.