Daniel P. Barron

Genesis 2

Monday, September 13, 2021 

1 So the heavens and the earth and all their host were finished. 2 So Gods, he finished i on the seventh day his work which he did and he rested ii on the seventh day from all his work which he did. 3 And Gods, he blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, iii because in it he rested iv from all his work which Gods, he created to make. v

4 These are the generations vi of the heavens and the earth in their creation, in the day Yehvah vii Gods made earth and heavens. viii 5 And no plant of the field was in the earth, and no herb of the field had sprouted, because Yehvah Gods had not caused it to rain ix upon the earth and there was no man to work the ground. x 6 And a midst went up from the earth and watered the whole face of the ground. 7 And Yehvah Gods formed xi the man, xii dust from the ground, xiii and breathed in his nostrils the breath of life; and the man became a living soul. xiv

8 And Yehvah Gods planted a garden in Eden, xv eastward, and put there the man which he formed. 9 And Yehvah Gods caused to sprout from the ground every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food, and the tree of life xvi was in the midst of the garden and the tree of the knowledge of good and bad. xvii 10 And a river went out from Eden to water the garden and from there it divided and became four heads. xviii 11 The name of the first is Pishon, xix which goes around the whole land of the Havilah, xx which there is the gold. 12 And the gold of that land is good. The Bdellium xxi and the onyx stone xxii are there. 13 The name of the second river is Gihon. xxiii It goes around the whole land of Cush. xxiv 14 And the name of the third river is Tigris. xxv It goes east of Assyria, xxvi and the fourth river is the Euphrates. xxvii

15 And Yehvah Gods took the man and placed him in the garden of Eden to work it and to keep it. 16 And Yehvah Gods commanded the man saying, “From every tree of the garden eating you shall eat. xxviii 17 But from the tree of the knowledge of good and bad xxix you shall not eat from it. For in the day you eat from it, dying you shall die.” xxx

18 And Yehvah Gods said, “It is not good, the man being alone. xxxi I will make for him a helper xxxii as his opposite. xxxiii 19 And Yehvah Gods formed from the ground every life of the field and every flying creature of the heavens and brought them to the man xxxiv to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called the living soul, that was its name. 20 So the man gave names to every beast and to every flying creature of the heavens and to every life of the field. But for Adam no helper as his opposite was found. 21 So Yehvah Gods caused a deep sleep xxxv to fall upon the man and he slept. And he took one of his ribs and closed the flesh under it. xxxvi 22 And Yehvah Gods built xxxvii the rib which he took from the man into a woman and brought her to the man. xxxviii 23 And the man said, “This time, xxxix bone from my bones and flesh from my flesh, for this reason she shall be called woman,  xl because this one was taken from man.” xli

24 Therefore, a man shall leave xlii his father and his mother and cling xliii to his woman, and they shall be one flesh. 25 And the two of them were naked, the man and his woman, and they were not ashamed. xliv

Genesis 1 - Genesis 3

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf. xlv

  1. This is the completion of God’s initial creative work. Although this has been complete and finished from the foundation of the world (Hebrews 4:3), God still creates people (Psalm 102:18 “be created,” ar;b]nI, nibrâ') and animals (Psalm 104:30 “created,” ÷WareB;yI, yibbârê'un), and “makes everything” (Ecclesiastes 11:5). He presently “makes all things” (Isaiah 44:24), “stretches out the heavens” (Isaiah 44:24), “lays the foundation of the earth,” “forms the spirit of man within him” (Zechariah 12:1), and upholds “all things by the word of His power” (Hebrews 11:3). In the future, He will create new heavens and a new earth (Isaiah 65:17 “create” are/b, borê') and “make all things new” (Revelation 21:5). ^
  2. See Hebrews 4:3. This (Genesis 2:1-3) rest is a foretaste of the salvation of God (Hebrews 4:9-10). ^
  3. Is the seventh day (Saturday) still blessed and sanctified? There is nothing in the Word to indicate it is not. Exodus 20:11 reiterates that “the Lord blessed the sabbath day and sanctified it.” In Mark 2:27 Joshua said, “The sabbath was made for man.” ^
  4. tb'v; (shâvat) - “rested” - this verb is related to the noun, “sabbath,” tB;v' (shabbât). Exodus 31:17 records the Lord was “refreshed” on this seventh day. Even though, “The everlasting God, Yehvah, the Creator of the ends of the earth, neither faints nor is weary.” (Isaiah 40:28) He who is mighty in power (Psalm 147:5) was refreshed (Exodus 31:17). ^
  5. “to make” - t/c[}l' (la`asot) - infinitive ^
  6. “generations” t/dl]/t (toledot) - used in Genesis 5:1; 6:9; 10:1, 32; 11:10, 27; 25:12-13, 19; 36:1, 9; 37:2 (NKJV “history”); Exodus 6:16, 19; 28:10; Numbers 1:20; 3:1; 1 Chronicles 1:29; 5:7; 7:4, 9; 8:28; 9:2, 34; 26:31; and Ruth 4:18. ^
  7. “Yehvah” hw:hyÒ - “Yehvah” according to Modern Hebrew pronounciation. “Yahweh” in what is thought to be ancient Hebrew pronounciation –ההּמהוִי) yehovâh) is what is found in Trinitarian Bible Society's text (Ben Chayyim). See footnote for Genesis 3:14. - This is God’s personal name used here for the first time. Exodus 3:13-15 shows both the meaning of this name and that this is indeed His name. In Exodus 3:15 where it says, “Yehvah, Gods of your fathers” at the end of the verse He says, “This is My name . . .”. See also Exodus 6:3 “my name Yehvah”; 15:3; Jeremiah 33:2; Amos 5:8; 9:6, “Yehvah is his name.” Psalm 83:18(H19) “your name Yehvah”; Isaiah 42:8, “I am Yehvah, that is My name.” Jeremiah 16:21 “my name is Yehvah.” In BHS and WTT this name is sometimes spelled as ה הּהו מִי” Yehovah” (Genesis 3:14; 9:26; Exodus 3:2; etc.). In the RT of the OT, this name is most often spelled as ההּמהוִי” Yehovah” or ה הוי יל” Yehovih” when with היּננָדדֹא) Adonây, more literally, "My Lords," e.g. Genesis 15:2, 8; Deuteronomy 3:24; etc.). In BHS & WTT it is ה הוי יל” Yehovih” when with היּננָדדֹא) Adonây, e.g. Joshua 16:28) orמהויהִי" Yehovih" (e.g. Isaiah 50:4; Jeremiah 1:6; 7:20; etc.), but mostly spelled as מהויהִי (Yehvih) when with י הּננָד דֹא) Adonây); see footnote for Genesis 15:2. ^
  8. Here begins an account of creation with more detail on some particulars. ^
  9. Rain is not again mentioned until Genesis 6:13-14 where the Lord warns of the coming floodwaters (see also Genesis 7:11-12). ^
  10. There is no plant and no herb? Is this a contradiction of Genesis 1:11-12? No, the difference is “of the field.” Genesis 2:5 gives two reasons there is no plant or herb of the field, and that is, because there was no man and no rain. The Lord takes care of the need for water in Genesis 2:6 and the need for a man in Genesis 2:7. ^
  11. “formed” - rx,yYI (yyiytser) - This word is used of a potter who forms (e.g. Isaiah 29:16), the making of an idol (Isaiah 44:9-10), forming or devising thoughts (Psalm 94:20), God who formed Israel (Isaiah 43:1, 7, 21; 44:2a, 24), forms light (Isaiah 45:7), who is Israel’s “Maker” (or “Former,” Isaiah 45:9, 11), and the potter (Isaiah 64:8, in Hebrew Isaiah 64:7).  ^
  12. “Adam the “or” man the) - “âdâm'hâ (הּה א אּה דּה ם ם ^
  13. “dust from the ground” - Man is living dust. See Genesis 3:19; 18:27; Job 34:14-15; Psalm 103:14; Ecclesiastes 12:6-7; and 1 Corinthians 15:48-49. Moreover, “man” here in Genesis 2:7 is µd;a; ('âdâm) and “ground” here in this verse is hm;d;a} ('adâmâh). Also of note, "red" is µdoa; ('âdom); e.g. see Genesis 25:30 (2x) and footnotes.  ^
  14. “living soul” - hY:j' vp,n< (nephesh hayyâh) – See footnote for Genesis 1:20. “Soul” vp,n, (nephesh) is a very common Hebrew word in the OT. For it specifically being called blood, see Genesis 9:4 and footnote. For it's reference to being a dead body, see Leviticus 19:28 and footnote. Moreover, the soul leaves at death (Genesis 35:18; 1 Kings 17:21-22; Job 11:20 “loss of life”, more literally, “breathing out of soul” vp,n:AjP'm' [mapach nâphesh]; 31:39 “caused its owners to lose their lives”, more lit., “caused its owners to breath out soul” yTij]P;hi h;yl,[;B] vp,n, [nâphesh]; Jeremiah 15:9 “she has breathed her last”, more lit., “she has breathed her soul” Hv;p]n' hj;p]n: [nâphchah naphshâh]). See also Luke 8:55; Acts 20:10; James 2:26. Job 6:11 “prolong my life” is more lit., “prolong my soul” yvip]n' JyriaI}a' ('a'ariykh naphshiy). “Soul” is also used in a collective sense (see footnote for Genesis 12:5). Also, Isaiah 5:14 more lit. reads, “Sheol enlarged her soul” (Hv;p]n' l/aV] hb;yjir]hi [hirchiyvâh she'ol naphshâh]). Likewise, Habakkuk 2:5 “enlarges his desire as hell” /vp]n' l/aV]Ki byjir]hi (hirchiyv kishe'ol naphsho) more lit., “enlarges, as sheol, his soul”. Proverbs 23:2 “a man given to appetite” (NKJV) vp,n< l['B' (ba`al nephesh) is more lit., "owner of soul". Psalm 78:18 reads, “by asking for the food of their fancy” µv;p]n'l] lkeaoAla;v]li (lishâl-'okhêl lenaphshâm) more lit., “by asking for food according to their soul”. Deuteronomy 23:24 (H25) reads, “eat your fill of grapes at your pleasure” ò[,b]c; òv]p]n'K] µybin:[I} T;l]k'a; ('âkhaltâ `anâviym kenaphshekhâ sâv`ekhâ) more lit., “eat grapes according to your soul, your satisfaction”. Psalm 35:25 reads, “so we would have it” Wnvep]n' (naphshênu) more lit., “our soul”. Psalm 105:22 “at his pleasure” /vp]n'B] (benaphsho) more lit., “in his soul”. Ezekiel 16:27 “to the will” vp,n,B] (benephesh) more lit., “in the soul”. Esther 4:13 “in your heart” is more lit., “in your soul” Jvep]n'b] (benaphshêkh). Proverbs 23:7 “in his heart” is more lit., “in his soul” /vp]n'B] (benaphsho). Job 41:21 (H13) “His breath” is more lit., “His soul” /vp]n' (naphsho). Finally, Isaiah 3:20 “the perfume boxes” is more lit., “and houses of the soul” vp,N,h' yTeb;W (uvâtêy hanephesh). The related verb, e.g. vpeN:yi (yinâphêsh, Exodus 23:12) is only found three times and each time it means “refreshed” (see Exodus 23:12; 31:17; 2 Samuel 16:14). ^
  15. “Eden” - ÷d,[e (`êden) - Eden is also mentioned in Genesis 2:10; 15; 3:23-24; 4:16; Isaiah 51:3; Ezekiel 28:13; 31:9, 16, 18; 36:35; and Joel 2:3. Eden is also the name of a Levite (2 Chronicles 29:12; 31:15), and “Eden” (with slightly different spelling, ÷d,[,, `eden) is also a post-flood location (2 Kings 19:12; Isaiah 37:12; Ezekiel 27:23).  ^
  16. If the man had eaten from the tree of life, he would have lived forever (Genesis 3:22). But, after the fall (Genesis 3), this tree was guarded (Genesis 3:24), and subsequently destroyed in the flood (2 Peter 3:6). Revelation 2:7; 22:2, 14 reveal this tree is, and will be, in the Paradise of God. For other mentions of a tree of life, see Proverbs 3:18; 11:30; 13:12; 15:4. ^
  17. “bad,” NKJV “evil” - ע א ר) râ) – this is a common word in the OT and is often translated “evil” (e.g. Ecclesiastes 12:14), but is also used for simply “bad,” e.g. “bad” land (Numbers 13:19); “bad” water (2 Kings 2:19); “bad” figs (Jeremiah 24:2-3[2x], 8). ^
  18. “heads,” NKJV “riverheads,” - µyviar; (râ'shiym) - literally “heads.” ^
  19. “Pishon” - ÷/vyPi (piyshon) - This word is only found here. ^
  20. “Havilah” - hl;ywIj} (haviylâh) - This is also a name for the son of Cush (Genesis 10:7; 1 Chronicles 1:9), the son of Joktan (a descendant of Shem, Genesis 10:29; 1 Chronicles 1:23), a limit to the territory of the Ishmaelites (Genesis 25:18), and the same area (apparently) where Saul attacked the Amalekites (1 Samuel 15:7). ^
  21. “Bdellium” - jl'doB (bedolah) - is used one other place, in Numbers 11:7, for the color of manna. ^
  22. “onyx stone” - µh'Voh' ÷b,a, (even hashoham) - is used also in Exodus 25:7; 28:9; 28:20; 1 Chronicles 29:2; Job 28:16; and Ezekiel 28:13. ^
  23. “Gihon” - ÷/jyGI (giyhon) - This word is also used for a spring of water near Jerusalem (1 Kings 1:33; 2 Chronicles 32:30; 33:14). ^
  24. “Cush” - vWK (kush) – see footnote for Genesis 10:6. ^
  25. Tigris (lq,D,ji, hiddeqel) is also mentioned in Daniel 10:4. ^
  26. rWVa' ('ashshur) - “Assyria” - this is the name of the land of “Assyria” (e.g. Genesis 10:11; 25:18; etc., in Numbers 24:22, 24 NKJV has “Asshur” for the country of Assyria) and also the name of a son of Shem, Asshur (only found in Genesis 10:22 & 1 Chronciles 1:17). ^
  27. Euphrates (tr;p], pherât) is also mentioned in Genesis 15:18; Deuteronomy 1:7; 11:24; Joshua 1:4; 2 Samuel 8:3 [same as 1 Chronicles 18:3]; 2 Kings 23:29 [same as 2 Chronicles 35:20]; 24:7; 1 Chronicles 5:9; 2 Chronicles 35:20; Jeremiah 13:4-7; 46:2, 6, 10; and 51:63. ^
  28. “eating you shall eat” - ל א ל נאכ ָת ל נלָכ הּא') âkol to'khêl) - This is a more literal rendering. It may be translated “you may freely eat.” ^
  29. “the tree of the knowledge of good and bad” - What would have happened if Adam would have obeyed God and never eaten of this tree? Would it have been a potential harm for men for the rest of eternity? Joshua knows the “what ifs” (see Matthew 11:21, 23; 26:24). ^
  30. “dying you shall die” - tWmT; t/m (moth tâmuth) – This is a more literal rendering. It may be translated, “you shall surely die.” Yet, this “dying you shall die” literally happened. They ate (Genesis 3:6) and died spiritually (Ephesians 2:1 “dead in trespasses and sins”) and physically died years later. ^
  31. Genesis 2:18 teaches it is not good for man to be alone. Yet, Paul said it is good to be single (1 Corinthians 7:8). What’s the difference? Genesis 2:18 speaks of being truly alone, i.e. no other human being. 1 Corinthians 7:8 speaks of singleness. It does not address being absolutely alone with no other human in existence. ^
  32. The woman is made for the man, not man for the woman (1 Corinthians 11:9). ^
  33. “as his opposite” - /DgÒn ^
  34. “the man” - µd;a;h; (hâ'âdâm) - This is “Adam” with the definite article. ^
  35. “deep sleep” hm;Der]T' (tardêmâh) - used also in 1 Samuel 26:12; Job 4:13; 33:15; Proverbs 19:15; and Isaiah 29:10. Scripture does support the idea of deep sleep. ^
  36. Here is the first recorded constructive surgery. It is done under a God given “anesthesia” (deep sleep). ^
  37. “built” ÷b,YI (yiben) - used also, for example, in Genesis 4:17 & 8:20. ^
  38. Genesis 2:18-19 gives the impression that Adam was created before the animals. Yet, Genesis 1:24-27 gives the impression the animals were created before Adam. Actually, neither passage states the exact order of creation in time, except that Genesis 2:18-22 makes it clear that Eve was clearly created after the animals. ^
  39. After naming the animals (Genesis 2:19-20), Adam’s response is basically, “Hey, this one is different!” ^
  40. hV;ai ('ishâh) - This is the feminine form of the word for man (vyai, iysh). Man not only named the animals, but he named the woman as well (see also Genesis 3:20). ^
  41. vyai (iysh) ^
  42. This does not mean a man must move away (see Genesis 11:31; 24:67; 42:1; 46:5-6, 26; Hebrews 11:8-9), or no longer have anything to do with his parents (Exodus 20:12; 1 Timothy 5:8), but it does depict the creation of a new family with no “cling” to his parents, but rather a “cling” to his wife. ^
  43. “cling” qb'd; (dâvaq) - This is a fairly common word. Some examples of its usage can be found in Genesis 34:3 (strongly attracted); Deuteronomy 11:22 (hold fast to Yahweh, for the same, see Joshua 22:5 & Psalm 119:31); 2 Samuel 23:10 (hand stuck to sword); Job 19:20 (bone to skin); Lamentations 4:4 (tongue clings to the roof of a mouth); and Ruth 1:14 (Ruth clung to Naomi). See also this idea of clinging in Ephesians 5:22-31. A man is to cling to his wife in love. ^
  44. Why were they not ashamed, even though they were stark naked? At least one reason is, they didn’t know they were naked (Genesis 3:7-11). For some interesting verses on nakedness, see Genesis 9:20-27; Leviticus 18:6-19; 20:11, 17, 20; 1 Samuel 19:19-24; Isaiah 20:1-4; Micah 1:8; Habakkuk 2:15; Romans 8:35; Hebrews 4:13; Revelation 3:17; and 16:15. ^
  45. Mirrored here^

5 Responses

  1. So all the days of Adam which he lived were 930 years, and he died. -- Adam was never born (Genesis 2:7). He was created on the sixth day of creation, in the year 4258 BCL (years Before Christ, that is, Lunar years), and lived all of his days, 930 years, as a man, an adult. We may be amazed at the length of the life of Adam, but this is one of the saddest statements in the Bible, “. . . and he died.” He died because he disobeyed God one time. The potential for eternal life was there for Adam (Genesis 2:16; 3:22), but he choose to disobey God; and it was to his doom. Moreover, not only did Adam die because of one act of disobedience, but his offspring (mankind) as well suffered this fate (see Romans 5:12-19). And, for the majority of them, they suffer eternally (Matthew 7:13-14). As far as Adam is concerned, Scripture never says whether God saved his soul or not.

    And Noach was the son of 500 years, and Noach begot Shem, Ham, and Japheth. -- “Shem” - µve (shêm) - This is the same exact Hebrew word for “name” in the Hebrew Bible (e.g. Genesis 2:11, 13-14; etc.). Shem is mentioned only in Genesis chapters 5-7, 9-11; and in 1 Chronicles 1:4, 17, 24; and Luke 3:36.

  2. Therefore, just as through one man the sin entered into the world, and the death because of the sin, so also the death came through to all men, upon which all sinned. -- The initial death is spiritual death, (Ephesians 2:1) just as God said to Adam, “for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.” (Genesis 2:17) Therefore, “upon which (upon the death) all sinned.” The spiritual death results in sin, “dead in trespasses and sins, in which you once walked according to the course of this world.” (Ephesians 2:1-2)

  3. Just as it has been written, “The God gave to them a spirit of deep sleep, eyes which are not to see, and ears which are not to hear, unto the today day. -- κατανύξεως (katanuxeôs) “deep sleep” YLT; “stupor” NKJV – only here in NT. Same word in LXX Isaiah 29:10 for תַּרְדֵּמָה (tarddêmâh) “deep sleep” (see footnote for Genesis 2:21).

  4. And Philistines followed hard after Saul and his sons, and Philistines struck Jonathan and Abinadab and Melchi-Shua, Saul's sons. -- יַּדְבְּקוּ (yadbequ) “followed hard after” - same root word for “cling” in Genesis 2:24 (see footnote), except here Hiphil.

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