Daniel P. Barron

Acts 20

Saturday, April 10, 2021 

1 And after the uproar ceased, the Paul calling together the disciples and embracing, i went out to go to the Macedonia. 2 And passing through that part and exhorting them with much word, ii he came unto the Greece. iii 3 And after doing three months, since there was a plot against him by the Jews as he was about to set sail for the Syria, he decided to return through Macedonia. 4 And a Berean, Sopater, accompanied him as far as the Asia, also Thessalonians Aristarchus and Secundus, iv and Gaius from Derbe, and Timothy, and Asians Tychicus v and Trophimus. vi 5 These going ahead waited for us in Troas. 6 And we sailed away from Philippi after the days of unleavened bread, and came to them at the Troas after five days, where we continued seven days.

7 And on the one from the Sabbaths, the disciples gathering together to break bread, vii the Paul was reasoning with them, about to depart on the next day. And he prolonged the word until midnight. 8 And there were many lamps in the upper room where we were viii gathered together. 9 And a certain youth named Eutychus ix was sitting at the window sinking into a deep sleep, the Paul reasoning upon much. Being overcome from the sleep, he fell down from the third floor, and was taken up dead. 10 And the Paul going down, fell upon him, and embracing said, “Do not be troubled, for his soul x is in him.” 11 And going up and breaking bread and tasting, xi and after much conversation until dawn, so he went out. 12 And they brought the boy alive, and were comforted not moderately. xii 13 And we, going to the ship, sailed to the Assos, xiii from there intending to take up the Paul. For thus was the command, himself intending to go on foot. 14 And when he met us in the Assos, taking him on, we came unto Mitylene. xiv 15 And from there sailing away, on the following day we arrived opposite Chios. xv And another day xvi we crossed over to Samos xvii and remained in Trogyllium. xviii The next day we came to Miletus. xix 16 For the Paul decided to sail past the Ephesus, so that he wouldn't spend time in the Asia. For he was hurrying, if it was possible for him, to be in Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost. 17 And from the Miletus, sending into Ephesus, he summoned the elders of the assembly. 18 And when they came to him, he said to them, “You understand from first day from which I set foot onto the Asia, how I was with you the whole time, 19 serving the Lord with all humility and many tears and trials which happened to me by the plotting of the Jews, 20 how I kept back nothing that was helpful, of which to proclaim to you and to teach you publicly and throughout houses, 21 solemnly testifying to both Jews and Greeks the repentance unto the God and the faith in our Lord Joshua. 22 And now, behold, I am bound in the spirit to go to Jerusalem, not knowing the things that will happen to me in her, 23 except that the holy spirit in each city solemnly testifies saying that chains and tribulations await me. 24 But, I make not a word, xx nor do I hold my soul xxi precious to myself, so as to complete my course with joy and the service which I received from the Lord Joshua, to solemnly testify the good news of the grace of the God.”

25 “And now behold, I know that you all, among whom I have gone through preaching the kingdom of the God, xxii will no longer see my face. 26 Therefore, I testify to you in this day, I am clean from the blood of all. xxiii 27 For I did not keep back of which to declare to you all the counsel of the God. xxiv 28 So, take heed to yourselves and to all the flock among which the holy spirit made you overseers, xxv to shepherd the assembly of the Lord and xxvi God, which he obtained through his own blood. xxvii 29 For I know this, that hefty xxviii wolves shall come in among you after my departure not sparing the flock. 30 And, from you yourselves men will rise up speaking perverse things by which to draw away the disciples after themselves. 31 Therefore, be watchful, remembering that three years night and day I did not cease with tears warning each one.”

32 “And now, brethren, I entrust you to the God and the word of his grace, the one able xxix to build and give you an inheritance among all those sanctified. 33 I desired xxx no one's silver or gold or clothing. 34 You yourselves know that these hands served my needs and those who are with me. 35 I showed you all things, that thus laboring it is necessary to help the weak, and to remember the words of our Lord Joshua that he himself said, 'It is more blessed to give than to receive.'”

36 And saying these things, placing his knee, he prayed with them all. 37 And there was much weeping of all, and falling upon Paul's neck, they were kissing him, 38 agonizing xxxi especially upon the word which he spoke, that they are no longer to see his face. And they accompanied him to the ship.

Acts 19 - Acts 21

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf.

  1. ἀσπασάμενος (aspasamenos) “embracing”; NKJV, KJV “embraced”; NAS “exhorted”; Green “greeted”; same word for “greeted” (NKJV, NAS) in e.g. Acts 18:22. This word fits “embraced” in Hebrews 11:13. There is also συμπεριλαβὼν (sumperilambôn) “embracing” in Acts 20:10. ^
  2. λόγῳ πολλῷ (logô pollô) “much word” singular noun, singular adjective, WYC “many words” [“. . . much word”]; YLT, NKJV “many words” - see also Acts 15:32. ^
  3. Ἑλλάδα (hellada) “Greece” - only here. ^
  4. Σεκοῦνδος (Sekoundos) “Secundus” - only here. ^
  5. Τυχικὸς (Tuchikos) “Tychicus” - found also in Ephesians 6:21; Colossians 4:7; 2 Timothy 4:12; Titus 3:12. ^
  6. Τρόφιμος (Trophimos) “Trophimus” - found also in Acts 21:29; 2 Timothy 4:20. ^
  7. This verse is commonly twisted (2 Peter 3:16) as support that the Sabbath was changed from Saturday to Sunday. ^
  8. ἦμεν (êmen) “we were” MT & CT, NAS; ἦσαν (êsan) “they were” RT, NKJV, KJV, YLT ^
  9. Εὔτυχος (Eutuchos) “Eutychus” - only here. ^
  10. ψυχὴ (psuchê) “soul” Green, WYC, DRA; “life” NKJV, KJV, NAS, YLT, etc. For “soul” see footnote in Genesis 2:7. ^
  11. γευσάμενος (geusamenos) “tasting” - see footnote for Acts 10:10. ^
  12. μετρίως (metriôs) “moderately” DLNT, Lexicons; “a little” NKJV, KJV; - only here. ^
  13. Ἄσσον (Assov) “Assos” - found also in Acts 20:14. ^
  14. Μιτυλήνην (Mitulênên) “Mitylene” - only here. ^
  15. Χίου (Chiou) “Chios” - only here. GELNT “an island (with a city by the same name) off the west coast of Asia Minor” ^
  16. ἑτέρᾳ (hetera) “another day” DLNT, WYC ; “following day” NKJV – “day” is implied by context. More literally “another,” e.g. same word in John 19:37 “another.” ^
  17. Σάμον (Samon) “Samos” - only here. ^
  18. Τρωγυλλίῳ (Trôgulliô) “Trogyllium” - only here. ^
  19. Μίλητον (Milêton) “Miletus” - found also in Acts 20:17; 2 Timothy 4:20. ^
  20. οὐδενὸς λόγον ποιοῦμαι (oudevos) “I make not a word” or more literally, “nothing word I make” - Green “I make account of nothing”; YLT “I make account of none of these”; NKJV, KJV “none of these things move me.” ^
  21. ψυχήν (psuchê) “soul” - NKJV, etc., “life” ^
  22. τοῦ θεοῦ (tou theou) “the God” MT, RT; not in CT. ^
  23. See Ezekiel 3:18, 20; 33:2-9; Ephesians 6:18; 2 Corinthians 4:13 (Psalm 116:10). ^
  24. 2 Timothy 3:16-17 ^
  25. ἐπισκόπους (episkopous) “overseers” NKJV, KJV, NAS, YLT, etc.; “bishops” ASV, DRA, WYC; “supervisors” CEB; “leaders” CJB, NLV, NLT - found also in Philippians 1:1 (“bishops” NKJV, KJV); 1 Timothy 3:2 (“bishop” NKJV, KJV); Titus 1:7 (“bishop” NKJV, KJV); 1 Peter 2:25 (of God, “Overseer” NKJV, “Bishop” KJV, “Guardian” NAS).  ^
  26. κυρίου καὶ (kuriou kai) “Lord and” MT; not found in RT or CT ^
  27. Here mentions the blood of God. Man was made in His image and likeness (Genesis 9:6 “blood”), so it's no wonder God has blood. ^
  28. βαρεῖς (Bareis) “hefty” - NKJV, NAS “savage”; KJV, YLT “grievous”; WEB “vicious” – found also in Matt. 23:4 (“heavy” NKJV), 23 (“weightier” NKJV); Acts 25:7 (“serious” NKJV); 2 Corinthians 10:10 (“weighty” NKJV); 1 John 5:3 (“burdensome” NKJV). ^
  29. τῷ δυναμένῳ (tô dunamenô) “the one able”; DRA “who is able”; NKJV, KJV, NAS, etc. “which is able” - antecedent is “God and the word.” ^
  30. ἐπεθύμησα (epethumêsa) “I desired”; Green, LEB, NET, NMB “I have desired”; NKJV, KJV, NAS, etc. “I have coveted” - basic idea of word is “desire” e.g. same exact word in Luke 22:15 “I have desired” NKJV.  ^
  31. ὀδυνώμενοι (odunômenoi) “agonizing”; NKJV, KJV, YLT “sorrowing”; NAS, Green “grieving” - word found also in Luke 2:48 (“anxiously”); 16:24-25 (“tormented” NKJV). ^

13 Responses

  1. And the whole city was filled with confusion, and with one accord they rushed into the theater seizing Gaius and Aristarchus, Macedonians, Paul's travel companions. -- Γάϊον (Gaion) “Gaius” - found also in Acts 20:4; Romans 16:23; 1 Corinthians 1:14; 3 John 1:1.

    Ἀρίσταρχον (Aristarchon) “Aristarchus” - found also in Acts 20:4; 27:2; Colossians 4:10; Philemon 1:24.

  2. And he arrived unto Ephesus, and those he left there. And he himself going into the synagogue, he reasoned with the Jews. -- Ἔφεσον (Epheson) “Ephesus” - found also in Acts 18:21, 24; 19:1, 17, 26; 20:16-17; 1 Corinthians 15:32; 16:8; Ephesians 1:1; 1 Timothy 1:3; 2 Timothy 1:18; 4:12; Revelation 1:11; 2:1.

  3. And he came to Derbe and Lystra. And behold, a certain disciple was there named Timothy, son of a certain Jewish woman of faith, and the father was Greek... -- Τιμόθεος (Timotheos) “Timothy” NKJV, NAS; “Timotheus” KJV, YLT – found also in Acts 17:14-15; 18:5; 19:22; 20:4; Romans 16:21; 1 Corinthians 4:17; 16:10; 2 Corinthians 1:1, 19; Philippians 1:1; 2:19; Colossians 1:1; 1 Thessalonians 1:1; 3:2, 6; 2 Thessalonians 1:1; 1 Timothy 1:2, 18; 6:20; 2 Timothy 1:2; Philemon 1:1; Hebrews 13:23.

    And passing by the Mysia, they went down unto Troas. -- Τρῳάδα (Trôada) “Troas” - found also only in Acts 16:11; 20:5-6; 2 Corinthians 2:12; 2 Timothy 4:13.

    ...and from there unto Philippi, which is a prominent city of that part of Macedonia, a colony. And we were continuing in that city some days. -- Φιλίππους (Philippous) “Philippi” - found also in Acts 20:6; Philippians 1:1; 1 Thessalonians 2:2.

  4. ...realizing, they fled to the cities of the Lycaonia, Lystra and Derbe, and the surrounding area. -- Δέρβην (Derbên) “Derbe” NKJV, etc. - found also in Acts 14:20; 16:1. There is also the adjective in Acts 20:4, Gaius a Derbean (Δερβαῖος [Derbaios]).

  5. And he became hungry, and desired to taste. And while they prepared, a trance fell upon him.. -- γεύσασθαι (yeusasthai) “to taste” - used in this same way of meaning “eat” in Acts 20:11; used elsewhere for “taste” in Matthew 16:28; 27:34; Mark 9:1; Luke 9:27; 14:24; John 2:9; 8:52; Acts 23:14; Colossians 2:21; Hebrews 2:9; 6:4-5; 1 Peter 2:3.

  6. And after they departed, behold, a messenger of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream saying, “Arise, take the child and his mother and flee to Egypt and stay there until I tell you. For Herod is about to seek for the child to destroy him.” -- mellei (mellei) - “is about to” - found also e.g. in Matthew 17:12 ("is . . . about to"); 17:22 ("is about to"); 20:22 ("I am about to"); Luke 9:31 ("was about to"); 9:44 ("is about to"); 10:1 ("was about to"); 21:7 ("are about to"); John 6:15 ("they were about to"); Acts 3:3 ("about to"); 12:6 ("was about to"); 16:27 ("was about to"); 18:14 ("was about to"); 20:3 ("was about to"); 21:37 ("was about to"); 22:29 ("were about to"); 23:27 ("was about to"); 27:33 ("was about to"); Hebrews 8:5 ("was about to"); Revelation 2:10(2x) ("you are about to" & "is about to"); 8:13 ("are about to"); 10:4 ("I was about to"); 10:7 ("he is about to"). See also footnotes for Matthew 12:32; Acts 22:16; 23:15.

  7. Truly I say to you, there are some standing here who will by no means taste death until they see the son of the man coming in his kingdom." -- geuswntai (geusôntai) - “taste” - found also only in Matthew 27:34; Mark 9:1; Luke 9:27; 14:24; John 2:9 (“tasted”); 8:52; Acts 10:10 (“to eat”); 20:11 (“eaten”); 23:14 (“eat”); Colossians 2:21(“taste”); Hebrews 2:9 (“taste”); 6:4-5 (“tasted”); 1 Peter 2:3 (“tasted”).

  8. And the one who received the one, departing, dug in the ground and hide his lord's silver.” -- argurion (argurion) - “silver” - found also only in Matthew 25:27; 26:15; 27:3, 5-6, 9; 28:12, 15; Mark 14:11; Luke 9:3; 19:15, 23; 22:5; Acts 3:6; 7:16; 8:20; 19:19; 20:33; 1 Corinthians 3:12; 1 Peter 1:18.

  9. And immediately going to Joshua he said, “Rejoice rabbi!” and kissed him. -- katefilhsen (katephilêsen) – "kissed" – found also only in Mark 14:45; Luke 7:38, 45; 15:20; Acts 20:37.

  10. And in the fulfilling of the day of Pentecost they were all with one accord at the same. -- πεντηκοστῆς (pentêkostês) - “Pentecost” - found also only in Acts 20:16; 1 Corinthians 16:8. Πεντηκοστῆς (pentêkostês) is the feminine form of the word for “fifty.” LXX Leviticus 25:10-11 has πεντηκοστὸν (pentêkostov) for the “fiftieth” year. See Leviticus 23:16 LXX where πεντήκοντα (pentêkosta) is “fifty.” In Leviticus 23:15f fifty days (seven Sabbaths, seven weeks) were to be counted from the day the firstfruits were offered, and then a new grain offering was to be made. Deuteronomy 16:9-10 likewise notes seven weeks were to be counted “from the time you begin to put the sickle to the grain.” This same event is noted as the Feast of Weeks in Exodus 34:22; Numbers 28:26; Deuteronomy 16:16; 2 Chronicles 8:13. πεντήκοντα (pentêkosta) “fifty” is found in the NT in Mark 6:40; Luke 7:41; 9:14; 16:6; John 8:57; 21:11; Acts 13:20.

    Parthians and Medes and Elamites, and the residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and also Cappadocia, Pontus and the Asia.. -- Ἀσίαν (Asian) - “Asia” - also only found in Acts 19:10, 22; 20:18; 27:2.

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