Daniel P. Barron

Acts 16

Thursday, April 15, 2021 

1 And he came to Derbe and Lystra. And behold, a certain disciple was there named Timothy, i son of a certain Jewish woman of faith, and the father was Greek, 2 who was testified about by the brethren in Lystra and Iconium. 3 The Paul wanted to have this one go out with him. And taking, he circumcised him, because of the Jews who were in that place. For they all knew his father that he was a Greek. 4 And as they were going through the cities, they were delivering over to them the decrees ii to keep that had been judged iii by the apostles and the elders who were in Jerusalem. 5 So then, the assemblies were strengthened in the faith and increased in number daily.

6 And passing through the Phrygia and the Galatia iv country, being forbidden by the holy spirit to speak the word in the Asia, 7 coming to the Mysia, v they tried to go to the Bithynia, vi and the spirit did not permit them. 8 And passing by the Mysia, they went down unto Troas. vii 9 And a vision through the night appeared to the Paul. A certain Macedonian viii man was standing urging him and saying, “Come over to Macedonia. Help us.” 10 And when he saw the vision, immediately we sought to go out unto the Macedonia, concluding that the Lord had called us to preach them good news.

11 Therefore, sailing from Troas, we ran a straight course unto Samothrace, ix and after that unto Neapolis, x 12 and from there unto Philippi, xi which is a prominent city of that part of Macedonia, a colony. xii And we were continuing in that city some days. 13 And on the day of the Sabbath, we went outside the city by a river where it was supposed xiii prayer to be. And sitting, we were speaking to the women gathered. 14 And a certain woman named Lydia, a seller of purple cloth, xiv from the city of Thyatira, xv who worshiped the God, was listening, whom the Lord opened up the heart to take heed to the things spoken by the Paul. 15 And when she was immersed, and her house, she urged saying, “If you have judged me to be faithful xvi to the Lord, come into my house, stay.” And she persuaded us.

16 And it was, as we were going to prayer, a certain slave girl having a spirit of Python xvii met us, who, practicing divination, xviii brought much profit to her lords. 17 This one following the Paul and us, cried out saying, “These men are servants of the most high God, who are proclaiming to us a way xix of salvation.” 18 And this she did for many days. But the Paul, being disturbed and turning to the spirit said, “I command you in the name of Joshua Christ to come out from her.” And it xx came out that hour. 19 And her lords, seeing that the hope of their profit was gone, seizing the Paul and the Barnabus, dragged them into the marketplace to the rulers. 20 And bringing them to the captains, they said, “These men are disturbing xxi our city, being Jews, 21 and proclaiming customs that are not lawful for us to receive nor to do, being Romans.” 22 And the crowd stood together against them, and the captains tearing off their clothes, ordered to beat them with rods. xxii 23 And laying upon them many blows, they threw them into prison, commanding the jailer to securely keep them, 24 whom, receiving such command, threw them into the inner prison and secured their feet into the wood. xxiii

25 And about midnight, Paul and Silas, praying, were singing hymns to the God, and the prisoners were listening to them. 26 And suddenly, there was a great earthquake, so that the foundations of the jail were shaken. And immediately, all the doors were opened and all the bonds unfastened. 27 And the jailer, being awakened and seeing the doors of the prison opened, drawing a sword, was about to kill himself, supposing the prisoners escaped. xxiv

28 But, the Paul called with a loud voice saying, “Do yourself no harm, for we are all here.” 29 And asking for a light, he rushed in and fell down trembling before the Paul and the Silas. 30 And leading them out, he said, “Lords, what must I do to be saved?” 31 And they said, “Believe upon the Lord Joshua Christ, and you shall be saved, you and your house.” 32 And they spoke to him the word of the Lord, and to all those in his house. 33 And he took them that hour of the night and washed the wounds. And immediately, he was immersed, and all who were his. 34 And bringing them into his house, he set a table, xxv and rejoiced, having believed in the God with the whole household.

35 And when it was day, the captains sent the officers saying, “Release those men.” 36 And the jailer reported these words to the Paul, that “the captains sent, so that you may be released. Now then, going out, go in peace.” 37 And the Paul said to them, “Beating us in public, being uncondemned Roman men they threw into prison, and now, they secretly throw us out. No indeed, but coming themselves, let them lead out.” 38 And the officers reported these words to the captains. And hearing they are Romans, they were afraid. xxvi 39 And coming, they urged them, and leading out, they asked them to go out of the city. 40 And going out of the prison, they came to the Lydia. And seeing the brethren, they exhorted them and went out.

Acts 15 - Acts 17

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdfs here and here.

  1. Τιμόθεος (Timotheos) “Timothy” NKJV, NAS; “Timotheus” KJV, YLT – found also in Acts 17:14-15; 18:5; 19:22; 20:4; Romans 16:21; 1 Corinthians 4:17; 16:10; 2 Corinthians 1:1, 19; Philippians 1:1; 2:19; Colossians 1:1; 1 Thessalonians 1:1; 3:2, 6; 2 Thessalonians 1:1; 1 Timothy 1:2, 18; 6:20; 2 Timothy 1:2; Philemon 1:1; Hebrews 13:23. ^
  2. δόγματα (dogmata) “decrees” - found also in Luke 2:1 (“decree”); Acts 17:7 (“decrees”); Ephesians 2:15 (“ordinances”); Colossians 2:14 (“requirements”). ^
  3. κεκριμένα (kekrimena) “had been judged” - perfect particle ^
  4. Γαλατικὴν (Galatikên) “Galatia” area located in central Turkey - found also in Acts 18:23. ^
  5. Μυσίαν (Musian) “Mysia” - found also only in Acts 16:8. ^
  6. Βιθυνίαν (Bithunian) “Bithynia” - found also only in 1 Peter 1:1. ^
  7. Τρῳάδα (Trôada) “Troas” - found also only in Acts 16:11; 20:5-6; 2 Corinthians 2:12; 2 Timothy 4:13. ^
  8. Μακεδὼν (Makedôn) “Macedonian” CSB, DLNT, EHV, GNT, HCSB, etc.; “of Macedonia” NKJV, KJV, NAS, etc.. This is the word for Macedonian. The word for Macedonia is later in this same verse, Μακεδονίαν (Makedonian) = accusative of Μακεδονία (Makedonia) = Northern Greece. ^
  9. Σαμοθρᾴκην (Samothrakên) “Samothrace” - only found here. Samothrace is a Greek island Northwest of far Northwest Turkey in the northern Aegean Sea. ^
  10. Νεάπολιν (Neapolin) “Neapolis” - only found here = “New City” - CT has Νέαν Πόλιν (Nean Polin) “New City.” ^
  11. Φιλίππους (Philippous) “Philippi” - found also in Acts 20:6; Philippians 1:1; 1 Thessalonians 2:2. ^
  12. κολωνεία (kolôneia) “colony” - only found here. ^
  13. ἐνομίζετο (enomizeto) “it was supposed” (3rd person singular verb) – NAS “we were supposing”; DRA “it seemed”; KJV “was wont”; NKJV “customarily made”; DARBY “it was the custom” - same root word for “supposing” NKJV, KJV, NAS in Acts 16:27. Same exact word as in Luke 3:23 “was supposed” NKJV. ^
  14. πορφυρόπωλις (porphuropôlis) “seller of purple cloth” - only here. For the color purple, see e.g. John 19:2 πορφυροῦν (porphuroun). ^
  15. Θυατείρων (thuateirôn) “Thyatira” - found also in Revelation 1:11; 2:18, 24. ^
  16. πιστὴν (pistên) “faithful” = “faith” - same word in the Greek. ^
  17. Πύθωνος (Puthônos) “Python” YLT, DARBY, OJB, TPT; “pythonical” DRA; “divination” NKJV, KJV, NAS, etc. - only found here. ^
  18. μαντευομένη (manteuomenê) “practicing divination” (participle) - NKJV “fortune-telling”; NAS “fortunetelling”; KJV, YLT, etc. “soothsaying” - only found here in NT. OT LXX used to translate ם סם קם) qesem, or verb form) “divination” in Deuteronomy 18:10; 1 Samuel 28:8; 2 Kings17:17; Jeremiah 27:9(LXX34:9); Ezekiel 12:24; 13:6, 23; 21:21(H & LXX 26), 23(H & LXX 28), 29(H & LXX 34); 22:28; Micah 3:11. ^
  19. ὁδὸν (hodon) “a way” YLT, CEB, WEB, etc.; “the way” NKJV, NAS, KJV, etc. - no definite article in the Greek. ^
  20. “it” YLT, NAS; “he” NKJV, KJV - “spirit” πνεύματι (pneumati) is neuter, thus “it.” ^
  21. ἐκταράσσουσιν (ektapassousin) “disturbing” ESV, MOUNCE, NABRE, RSV, OJB; “seriously disturbing” CSB; “exceedingly trouble” NKJV, KJV; “throwing . . . into confusion” NAS – only found here. Related term, ταράσσω (tarassô) “trouble” in e.g. Matthew 2:3; 14:26; John 14:1; etc.. ^
  22. ῥαβδίζειν (hrabdizein) “to beat . . . with rods” YLT, ASV, DLNT, etc.; “to be beaten with rods” NKJV, NAS; “to beat” KJV, etc. - found also only in 2 Corinthians 11:25. ^
  23. ξύλον (xulon) “wood” DNLT; “a tree” WYC; “stocks” NKJV, KJV, NAS, etc.; “heavy blocks of wood” CJB, CEV, GNT; “leg irons” GW, ISV, NOG; “a stake” NABRE – this word = “wood” or “tree” or “club.” See Luke 22:52 footnote. ^
  24. Acts 12:19 ^
  25. τράπεζαν (trapezan) “table” DLNT, DRA, NTE, DARBY – same word for table e.g. Acts 6:2 (“tables”)  ^
  26. Acts 22:25-29 ^

10 Responses

  1. ...realizing, they fled to the cities of the Lycaonia, v Lystra vi and Derbe, vii and the surrounding area. -- Λύστραν (Lustran) “Lystra” NKJV, etc. - found also in Acts 14:8, 21; 16:1-2; 2 Timothy 3:11.

    Δέρβην (Derbên) “Derbe” NKJV, etc. - found also in Acts 14:20; 16:1. There is also the adjective in Acts 20:4, Gaius a Derbean (Δερβαῖος [Derbaios]).

  2. And in those days of multiplying of the disciples, there was a complaint of the Hellenists against the Hebrews, because their widows were being neglected in the daily service. -- Ἑλληνιστῶν (hellênistôn) - “Hellenists” - Greek speaking Jews – also only found in Acts 9:29; 11:20. Ἑλλην (hellên) is a Greek (man), e.g. Acts 16:3; Galatians 2:3; 3:28.

  3. And after they departed, behold, a messenger of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream saying, “Arise, take the child and his mother and flee to Egypt and stay there until I tell you. For Herod is about to seek for the child to destroy him.” -- mellei (mellei) - “is about to” - found also e.g. in Matthew 17:12 ("is . . . about to"); 17:22 ("is about to"); 20:22 ("I am about to"); Luke 9:31 ("was about to"); 9:44 ("is about to"); 10:1 ("was about to"); 21:7 ("are about to"); John 6:15 ("they were about to"); Acts 3:3 ("about to"); 12:6 ("was about to"); 16:27 ("was about to"); 18:14 ("was about to"); 20:3 ("was about to"); 21:37 ("was about to"); 22:29 ("were about to"); 23:27 ("was about to"); 27:33 ("was about to"); Hebrews 8:5 ("was about to"); Revelation 2:10(2x) ("you are about to" & "is about to"); 8:13 ("are about to"); 10:4 ("I was about to"); 10:7 ("he is about to"). See also footnotes for Matthew 12:32; Acts 22:16; 23:15.

  4. Then Joshua was lead by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the Devil. -- πειρασθηναι (peirasthêvai) - from πειραζω (peirazô) - this is used for temptation (enticement to sin, e.g. Galatians 6:1; James 1:13-14), to attempt (try) something (e.g. Acts 9:26; 16:7; 24:6), and to test (John 6:6; 2 Corinthians 13:5; Revelation 2:2).

  5. And behold, there was a great shaking xiv on the sea, so that the boat was covered by the waves. But he was sleeping. -- seismov (seismos) - "shaking" - used elsewhere for earthquakes (Matthew 24:7; 27:54; 28:2; Mark 13:8; Luke 21:11; Acts 16:26; Revelation 6:12; 8:5; 11:13 [2x], 19; 16:18).

  6. At that time Joshua walked through the grain fields on the sabbaths. And his disciples were hungry, and they began to pick the heads and eat. -- sabbasin (sabbasin) – “sabbaths” plural form, same as in verse 5 & 10. See the following verses and also Acts 13:14 “the day of the sabbaths,” th hmera twn sabbatwn (tê hêmera tôn sabbatôn); 16:13 “and on the day of the sabbaths,” th te hmera twn sabbatwn (tê te hêmera tôn sabbatôn); and Luke 18:12 “twice from the sabbath,” div tou sabbatou (dis tou sabbatou), NKJV “twice a week.” See also Matthew 28:1 and footnote.

    And he who speaks a word against the son of the man, it will be forgiven him. But he who speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, not in the now age nor in the one about to be." -- mellonti (mellonti) - "about to be", used in this way e.g. Acts 16:27 (see also Luke 7:2; John 4:47 "at the point of")

  7. And the crowds going before and those following were crying out, saying, “Hosanna to the son of David! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!” -- ὑψίστοις (hupsistois) - “highest” - found also in Mark 5:7 (“Most High”); 11:10; Luke 1:32, 35, 76; 2:14; 6:35 (“Most High”); 8:28 (“Most High”); 19:38; Acts 7:48 (“Most High”); 16:17 (“Most High”); Hebrews 7:1 (“Most High”). See also footnote for Genesis 14:18.

  8. And the keepers shook from the fear of him and became as dead ones. -- thrountev (têrountes) - “keepers” - from threw (têreô) “keep” (e.g. Matthew 27:36 “kept,” 54 “guarding”; Acts 16:23 “keep”).

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