Daniel P. Barron

Acts 14

Saturday, April 17, 2021 

1 And it was, in Iconium together they entered the synagogue of the Jews, and so spoke that Jews and also Greeks believed, a great multitude. 2 And the disobedient i Jews stirred up and harmed ii the souls iii of the nations against the brethren. 3 Therefore, they stayed a long time speaking boldly in the Lord, who was testifying to the word of his grace, giving signs and wonders to be through their hands.

4 And the multitude of the city was divided, and some were with the Jews and some with the apostles. 5 And when there was a purpose iv of the nations and also of Jews with their rulers to mistreat and stone them, 6 realizing, they fled to the cities of the Lycaonia, v Lystra vi and Derbe, vii and the surrounding area. 7 There they were preaching the good news.

8 And a certain man in Lystra was sitting, without strength in the feet, being lame from his mother's womb, who had never walked. 9 This one heard the Paul speaking, whom looking intently at him and seeing he has faith to be saved, viii 10 said in the loud voice, “Arise upon your feet upright.” And he was leaping and walking. ix 11 And the crowds, seeing what the Paul did, lifted up their voice in Lycaonian x saying, “The Gods became like men. They came down to us!” 12 And they called the Barnabus, Zeus, xi and the Paul, Hermes, xii since he was the ruler of the word. xiii 13 And the priest of the Zeus, the one being before their city, xiv bringing oxen and garlands to the gates with the crowds, came to sacrifice.

14 And the apostles, Barnabus and Paul, hearing, tearing their clothes, rushed into the crowd, cried out 15 and said, “Men, why are you doing these things? We also are like nature to you, men, bringing you good news, to turn from these worthless xv things to the living God, who made the heaven and the earth and the sea and all things in them, 16 who in the past generations allowed all the nations to go their own ways. 17 Although, he did not leave himself without witness, doing good from heaven to you, giving rain and fruitful seasons filling our hearts with food and gladness.” 18 And saying these things, they scarcely caused the crowds to rest, xvi to not sacrifice to them. 19 And Jews came from Antioch and Iconium. And persuading the crowds and stoning the Paul, they dragged him outside the city supposing him to be dead. 20 And the disciples gathering around him, arising, he went into the city. And the next day, he went out with the Barnabus unto Derbe.

21 And preaching the good news to that city, and making many disciples, they returned unto the Lystra and Iconium xvii and Antioch, 22 strengthening the souls of the disciples, exhorting to remain in the faith, and that xviii through many tribulations we must come into the kingdom of the God. 23 And appointing to them elders per assembly, and praying with fasting, they entrusted them to the Lord unto whom they had believed.

24 And passing through the Pisidia, they came unto Pamphylia. 25 And speaking in Perga the word, they came down unto Attalia. xix 26 And from there they sailed unto Antioch, where they were delivered to the grace of the God unto the work which they fulfilled. 27 And arriving and the church having gathered together, they reported how much the God did with them, and that he opened to the nations a door of faith. 28 And they continued there not a little time with the disciples.

Acts 13 - Acts 15

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf.

  1. ἀπειθοῦντες (apeithountes) “disobedient” ERV - “unbelieving” NKJV, KJV, etc., NAS “disbelieved” - same exact word
    found in 1 Peter 2:8 translated “disobedient” NKJV, KJV, NAS. See footnote for John 3:36.
  2. ἐκάκωσαν (ekakôsan) “harmed” - NKJV “poisoned”; KJV “made . . . evil affected”; NAS “embittered”; YLT “made evil” - same root word found in 1 Peter 3:13 “harm” NKJV, KJV, NAS. ^
  3. ψυχὰς (psuchas) “souls” YLT, ERV, - “minds” NKJV, KJV, NAS ^
  4. ὁρμὴ (hormê) “purpose” YLT - “attempt” NKJV, NAS; “assault” KJV – found also only in James 3:4 “desires” NKJV, NAS; “impulse” YLT; “listeth” KJV ^
  5. Λυκαονίας (Lukaonias) “Lycaonia” NKJV, etc. - only found here. ^
  6. Λύστραν (Lustran) “Lystra” NKJV, etc. - found also in Acts 14:8, 21; 16:1-2; 2 Timothy 3:11. ^
  7. Δέρβην (Derbên) “Derbe” NKJV, etc. - found also in Acts 14:20; 16:1. There is also the adjective in Acts 20:4, Gaius a Derbean (Δερβαῖος [Derbaios]). ^
  8. σωθῆναι (sôthênai) “to be saved” YLT - “”to be healed” NKJV – same exact word as e.g. in Luke 18:26 “be saved.” ^
  9. Both verbs are in the imperative (continual past action). ^
  10. Λυκαονιστὶ (Lukaonisti) “Lycaonian” - only found here. ^
  11. Δία (Dia) “Zeus” NKJV, NAS, YLT, etc.; “Jupiter” KJV, ASV, DARBY, etc. – Jupiter comes from Roman/Latin origin believed to be identified with Zeus. Δία (Dia) is found also in Acts 14:13. Δία (Dia) is the accusative form, Ζεῦς (Zeus) the nominative form not found in Scripture. ^
  12. Ἑρμῆν (Hermên) “Hermes” NKJV, NAS, etc.; “Mercurius” KJV, BRG, GNV, etc.; “Mercury” ASV, DARBY, TLB, etc. - Mercurius is Latin for Mercury, the Roman name for Hermes. ^
  13. ὁ ἡγούμενος τοῦ λόγου (ho hêgoumenos tou logou) “the ruler of the word” - WYC “the leader of the word”; NKJV, KJV, NAS, etc. “the chief speaker.” ἡγούμενος (hêgoumenos) “ruler” same word as in Matthew 2:6 (“Ruler” NKJV); Luke 22:26 (“governs” NKJV). ^
  14. NKJV, NAS, etc. add “temple.” KJV, YLT, etc. do not. There is no temple in this verse. ^
  15. ματαίων (mataiôn) “worthless” CSB, CEB, CJB, ERV, GNT, HCSB, NLT, etc.; “useless” NKJV; “vain” NAS; “vanities” KJV, YLT – found also in 1 Corinthians 3:20 (“futile”); 15:17 (“futile”); Titus 3:9 (“useless”); James 1:26 (“useless”); 1 Peter 1:18 (“aimless”). ^
  16. κατέπαυσαν (katepausan) “they . . . caused . . . to rest” - NKJV, YLT “restrain”; KJV, NAS “restrained” - same word found also in Hebrews 4:4 (“rest”), 8 (“rest”), 10 (“rest”; “ceased”). ^
  17. Critical Text adds another εἰς (eis) “unto” before Iconium and another [εἰς] bracketed before Antioch. ^
  18. NKJV, NAS, etc. add “saying.” KJV, YLT, etc. do not. ^
  19. Ἀττάλειαν (Attaleian) “Attalia” - a sea port in Pamphylia now known as Antalya in southwestern Turkey – only found here. ^

6 Responses

  1. So then, those who were scattered from the tribulation that happened over Stephen went through as far as Phoenicia and Cyprus and Antioch speaking the word to no one except only Jews. -- Ἀντιοχείας (Antiocheias) “Antioch” - found also in Acts 11:20, 22, 26(2x); 13:1, 14; 14:19, 21, 26; 15:22-23, 30, 35; 18:22; Galatians 2:11; 2 Timothy 3:11. Location is far south and central Turkey near northwest border of Syria.

    For he was a good man and full of the holy spirit and faith. And a considerable crowd was added to the Lord. -- Barnabus was an apostle, see Acts 14:14.

  2. How narrow is the gate and pressed is the way that leads to the life, and few are the ones finding it!" -- teylimmenh (tethlimmenê) - "pressed" - found also in Mark 3:9 (crush); 2 Corinthians 1:6 (afflicted); 4:8 (hard pressed); 7:5 (troubled); 1 Thessalonians 3:4 (suffer tribulation); 2 Thessalonians 1:6-7 (tribulation); 1 Timothy 5:10 (afflicted); Hebrews 11:37 (afflicted). See also Acts 14:22; 1 Peter 4:18.

  3. And the names of the twelve apostles are these: Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother, and James that of Zebedee, and John his brother,.. -- apostolwn (apostolôn) - “apostles” - related to apostellw (apostellô) “send” (e.g. Matthew 10:5 “sent out”, 16 “send”, 40 “sent”). Besides the twelve, there is also Andronicus and Junia (Romans 16:7), Barnabas (Acts 14:14), Silvanus and Timothy (1 Thessalonians 1:1/2:6).

    And when they persecute you in this city, flee to the other. For truly I say to you, you will by no means finish the cities of Israel until the son of the man comes. -- Acts 14:4-7

  4. But this kind does not go out except by prayer and fasting." -- Prayer and fasting is part of a godly life. Prayer, 1 Thessalonians 5:17 and fasting = seeking God, e.g. Daniel 9:3; Joel 2:12; Acts 10:30; 14:23; 1 Corinthians 7:5; 2 Corinthians 6:5; 11:27.

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