Daniel P. Barron

Acts 15

Friday, April 16, 2021 

1 And some coming down from the Judea, taught the brethren that, if you are not circumcised according to the custom of Moses, you can not be saved. 2 Then, the Paul and the Barnabus, having no small dissension and debate with them, they appointed Paul and Barnabus and some others from them to go down to the apostles and elders in Jerusalem about this question. i 3 So, being sent forth by the assembly, they went through the Phoenicia and Samaria describing the conversion of the nations. And they were causing great joy to all the brethren.

4 And arriving into Jerusalem, they were welcomed by the assembly and the apostles and the elders. And they reported how much the God did with them. 5 And some rose up who were from the sect of the Pharisees who had believed, saying that it was necessary to circumcise them and to command to keep the law of Moses. 6 And the apostles and the elders were gathered together to see about this word.

7 And being of much dispute, Peter standing said, “Men, brethren, you understand that from the days of old ii the God choose among us, through my mouth, the nations to hear the word of the good news and to believe. 8 And the heart knower God testified about them, giving to them the holy spirit, just as also to us. 9 And he did not discriminate between us and them, by the faith cleansing their hearts. 10 Now therefore, why do you test the God, iii to lay upon the neck of the disciples, which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear? 11 But, through the grace of the Lord Joshua we believe to be saved, iv in the same way as they.” 12 And all the multitude were silent, and heard Barnabus and Paul explain how the God did signs and wonders among the nations through them.

13 And after they became silent, James answered saying, “Men, brethren, hear me. 14 Sumeon v explained how the God first visited to take from nations a people for his name. 15 And the words of the prophets agree with this, just as it has been written, 16 “After these things, I will return and rebuild the house of David that has fallen. And I will rebuild her ruins and restore her. vi 17 So that, the rest of the men may seek the Lord, and all the nations upon whom my name has been called upon them, says Lord, who does all these things.” vii 18 Known to God from eternity are all his works. viii

19 Therefore, I judge not to trouble those turning to the God from the nations. 20 But, to write to them to abstain from the pollutions ix of the idols and the sexual immorality and the strangled and the blood. 21 For Moses has from ancient generations in each city those who preach him, being read in the synagogues on every sabbath.

22 Then, it seemed good x to the apostles and the elders with the whole assembly to send to Antioch chosen men from them with Paul and Barnabus, Judah xi the one called Barsabas, xii and Silas, xiii leading men among the brethren, 23 writing these things by their hand.

The apostles and the elders and the brethren: To the brethren, those from nations throughout the Antioch and Syria and Cilicia, rejoice. xiv 24 Since we heard that some from us went out troubling you with words, unsettling your souls, saying to be circumcised and to keep the law, which we did not order, 25 it seemed good to us, being of one accord, to send to you chosen men with our beloved Barnabus and Paul, 26 men who have given up xv their souls xvi for the name of our Lord Joshua Christ. 27 Therefore, we have sent Judah and Silas. Also, they by word will report these things. 28 For it seemed good to the holy spirit and to us, to lay no more burden upon you, except these necessary things: 29 to abstain from meats sacrificed to idols xvii and from blood and from strangled and from sexual immorality, from which keeping yourselves, you will do well. Farewell.

30 So, being released, xviii they came to Antioch, and with the multitude gathered together, they delivered the letter. 31 And having read, they rejoiced over the encouragement. 32 And Judah and Silas also being prophets themselves, through many words exhorted and strengthened the brethren. 33 And after doing time, xix they were released xx with peace from the brethren to the apostles. 34 Yet, it seemed good to Silas for him to remain. xxi 35 And Paul and Barnabas also continued in Antioch, teaching and preaching, xxii with also many others, the word of the Lord.

36 And after some days, Paul said to Barnabas, “Let us now return and visit our brethren in every city in which we proclaimed the word of the Lord, how they are holding on.” xxiii 37 And Barnabas counseled xxiv to take along the John, the one called Mark. xxv 38 And Paul was insisting, the one who departed from them from Pamphylia xxvi and did not go with them to the work, not to take along this one. 39 Then, being a provocation, xxvii so that they separated from one another, the Barnabus taking the Mark, sailed away unto Cyprus. 40 And Paul, choosing Silas, departed, being delivered to the grace of the God xxviii by the brethren. 41 And he went through the Syria and Cilicia strengthening the assemblies.

Acts 14 - Acts 16

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdfs here, here, and here.

Proverbs 20:27

The spirit of a man is the lamp of the Lord, Searching all the inner depths of his heart. xxix

The breath of man [is] a lamp of Jehovah, Searching all the inner parts of the heart. xxx

The breath of a person is the lamp of the Lord, searching all the inmost parts. xxxi

Lamp of Yehvah is breath of man searching all rooms of belly [or body]. xxxii

  1. ζητήματος (zêtêmatos) “question” NKJV, KJV, YLT, etc.; “issue” NAS, CSB, etc. - used in the context of a controversial question or issue (Acts 18:15; 23:29; 25:19; 26:3). ^
  2. ἡμερῶν ἀρχαίων (hêmerôn archaiôn) “days of old” MOUNCE; “old days” WYC, DLNT; “former days” YLT; “early days” NAS, CSB, ERV; “a good while ago” NKJV, KJV. ^
  3. This is testing God, in that, this issue was already dealt with back in Acts 10 & 11. ^
  4. πιστεύομεν σωθῆναι (pisteuomen sôthênai) “we believe to be saved” YLT, DRA, WYC; “we believe . . . we shall be saved” NKJV, KJV; “we believe . . . we are saved” NAS. ^
  5. Συμεὼν (Sumeôn) “Sumeon” - NKJV “Simon”; KJV, NAS “Simeon” - Peter is called by this name here and in 2 Peter 1:1. Elsewhere, it is Σίμων (Simôn) “Simon” (e.g. Matthew 10:2). Hebrew is ון עו מע שמ) shim`on) “Shimon.” See Genesis 29:33 and footnote. ^
  6. αὐτήν (autên) “her” - feminine pronoun referring to σκηνὴν (skênên) “house” feminine noun. ^
  7. LXX reads, “In that day I will raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen, and will rebuild the ruins of it, and will set up the parts thereof that have been broken down, and will build it up as in the ancient days: that the remnant of men, and all the Gentiles upon whom my name is called, may earnestly seek me, saith the Lord who does all these things.” Amos 9:11-12 (Brenton). ^
  8. CT vs 18 only has γνωστὰ ἀπ᾽ αἰῶνος (gnôsta ap aiônos) “known from eternity” ^
  9. ἀλισγημάτων (alisgêmatôn) “pollutions” KJV; “polluted” NKJV; “contaminated” NAS – plural noun, only here. ^
  10. ἔδοξεν (edoxen) “it seemed good” NAS, YLT, WEB, ESV, etc.; “it pleased” NKJV, KJV, etc.. From the root idea to “think” (e.g. Matthew 3:9). ^
  11. Ἰούδαν (Ioudan) “Judah” TLV; “Judas” NKJV, KJV, NAS, etc.. See footnote for Matthew 1:2 on Judah. ^
  12. In Acts 1:23 there is a Joseph who is called Barsabas. ^
  13. Σίλαν (Silas) “Silas” NKJV, etc. - found also in Acts 15:27, 32, 34, 40; 16:19, 25, 29; 17:4, 10, 14-15; 18:5. ^
  14. χαίρειν (chaireiv) “rejoice” - NKJV, NAS, etc. “greetings”; KJV “greeting” - this is a term used for greeting. Yet, the same exact term (infinitive, technically “to rejoice”) is used e.g. as an imperative (a command) in Romans 12:15 (“Rejoice”). Used as a greeting also in Acts 23:26; James 1:1; 2 John 10-11. 2 John 10 is more literally, “do not say rejoice to him” and verse 11 “For the one who says rejoice to him shares . . . .” There is also the word for “greet” ἀσπάσησθε (aspasêsthe) “greet” e.g. Matthew 5:47; 10:12; Luke 10:4; etc.. ^
  15. παραδεδωκόσιν (paradedôkosin) “given up” YLT, Green, RGT, DARBY, GNV; “handed over” DLNT; “risked” NKJV, NAS, etc.; “hazarded” KJV, etc.. ^
  16. ψυχὰς (psuchas) “souls” Green; “lives” NKJV, NAS, KJV, YLT, DLNT, etc. ^
  17. εἰδωλοθύτων (eidôlothutôn) “meats sacrificed to idols” - KJV “meats offered to idols”; NKJV “things offered to idols”; NAS “things sacrificed to idols” - found also in Acts 21:25; 1 Corinthians 8:1, 4, 7, 10; 10:19, 28; Revelation 2:14, 20.  ^
  18. ἀπολυθέντες (apoluthentes) “being released” - YLT “having been let go”; “sent off” NKJV; “dismissed” KJV – same exact word as found in Acts 4:23 (“being let go” NKJV; “been released” NAS). ^
  19. Ποιήσαντες δὲ χρόνον (Poiêsantes de chronon) “And after doing time” - YLT “and having past some time”; NKJV “And after they had stayed there for a time”; KJV “And after they had tarried there a space” ^
  20. ἀπελύθησαν (apeluthêsan) “they were released” - VOICE “released”; YLT, KJV “they were let go”; NKJV “they were sent back” - same root word as “released” in verse 30.  ^
  21. This verse is not in the CT or MT, but is in the RT. ^
  22. εὐαγγελιζόμενοι (euangelizomenoi) “preaching” good news – this is the word for “preaching” the gospel (good news). ^
  23. ἔχουσιν (echousin) “they are holding on” - same root word used in a similar way e.g. in 1 Timothy 3:9 “holding” to the mystery of the faith. See also 1 Timothy 6:12, 19 “take hold” (NAS, ἐπιλαβοῦ; πιλάβωνται) “of eternal life.” ^
  24. ἐβουλεύσατο (ebouleusato) “counseled” YLT, GNV; “determined” NKJV, KJV; “desirous” NAS ^
  25. Μάρκον (Markon) “Mark” - See footnote for Acts 12:12. Found also in Acts 12:25; perhaps same (?) in Colossians 4:10; 2 Timothy 4:11; Philemon 1:24; 1 Peter 5:13. ^
  26. See Acts 13:13 where Mark (“John”) departed from them. ^
  27. παροξυσμός (paroxusmos) “provocation” - NAS “sharp disagreement”; YLT “sharp contention”; NKJV, KJV “contention . . . sharp” - this noun is found in one other place in which it is used in a good sense, Hebrews 10:24, “Let us consider one another unto provocation of love and good works.” ^
  28. θεοῦ (theou) “God” - CT has κυρίου (kuriou) “Lord.” ^
  29. NKJV ^
  30. YLT ^
  31. CEB ^
  32. Darwin Fish. ^

10 Responses

  1. So then, those who were scattered from the tribulation that happened over Stephen went through as far as Phoenicia and Cyprus and Antioch speaking the word to no one except only Jews. -- Ἀντιοχείας (Antiocheias) “Antioch” - found also in Acts 11:20, 22, 26(2x); 13:1, 14; 14:19, 21, 26; 15:22-23, 30, 35; 18:22; Galatians 2:11; 2 Timothy 3:11. Location is far south and central Turkey near northwest border of Syria.

  2. 37 -- This verse is in the RT, but not in the MT or CT. Such is the case also with Luke 17:36 & Acts 15:34.

  3. "Be well-disposed quickly toward your opponent while you are on the way with him, lest the opponent deliver you to the judge, and the judge deliver you to the officer, and he throw you into prison. -- eunown (eunoôn) - "well-disposed" - only found here, but the noun form, eunoia (eunoia), is found in 1 Corinthians 7:3 (NKJV "affection") and Ephesians 6:7 (NKJV "goodwill"). KJV and NKJV translate Matthew 5:25 "agree," NAS "make friends." The Greek word for "agree" is sumfwnew (sumphôneô) and is found in Matthew 18:19; 20:2, 13; Luke 5:36; Acts 5:9; 15:15. Joshua is teaching here one very practical application of Romans 12:18.

  4. And then I will declare to them, "I never knew you! Depart from me, ones who work lawlessness." -- Joshua speaks similarly in Matthew 25:12; Luke 13:25-27. He denies them (Matthew 10:33; 2 Timothy 2:12), because they denied him (Titus 1:16; Jude 1:4). Also, never knowing them does not mean He never knew about them (John 16:30; 21:17; Acts 15:18). But, He did not know them in that context. In other words, those works were not in His name, nor did He know them as in Jeremiah 1:5 (Romans 8:29; 1 Peter 1:2), as evidenced by their condemnation.

  5. Abraham begot Isaac, and Isaac begot Jacob, and Jacob begot Judah and his brothers. -- Ἰούδαν (ioudan) - “Judah” - see next verse Ἰούδας (ioudas) “Judah” - This is the same exact name as what is translated “Judas,” the one who betrayed Christ (e.g. Matthew 26:25, ioudav [ioudas]), the other disciple of Christ named “Judas” the son of James (e.g. Luke 6:16; John 14:22; Acts 1:13, ioudav), “Judas” Jesus’ brother (Matthew 13:55, ioudav), “Judas” of Galilee (Acts 5:37, ioudav), “Judas” in Acts 9:11 (iouda), “Judas” who was also called Barsabas (Acts 15:22, ioudan), and “Jude” (Jude 1, ioudav). “Judas” is the Greek to English form. “Judah” is the Hebrew (hd;WhyÒ [yehudâh]) to English form. LXX has Ιουδας (ioudas) “Judah” e.g. Genesis 35:23; 37:26; 38:1-2, 6-8, 11-12 (2x, Ιουδα [iouda] gentive form, Ιουδας [ioudas] nominative form), etc..

  6. Joshua said to him, “Again it is written, ‘You shall not test the Lord your God.’” -- Deuteronomy 6:16 (Massah? See Exodus 17:1-7). For testing God, see also Numbers 14:22 (Psalm 78:18-42a, 56-58); Acts 5:9; 15:10. From these verses we see that testing God has to do with not believing in Him and provoking Him to anger. See also Malachi 3:15. Ahaz says he won’t test God, but he is rebuked (Isaiah 7:10-13). Was Gideon testing God in Judges 6:36-40?

    And walking by the sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea, for they were fishermen. -- σιμωνα (simôna) - “Simon” - he is also called Συμεὼν (Sumeôn) “Sumeon” in Acts 15:14; 2 Peter 1:1.

  7. These all were continuing with one accord in the prayer and in the supplication, with the women and Mary the mother of Joshua, and with his brothers. -- ομοθυμαδον (homothumadon) - “with one accord” - also only found in Acts 2:1 (Majority and Received Texts), 46; 4:24; 5:12; 7:57; 8:6; 12:20; 15:25; 18:12; 19:29; Romans 15:6 (“with one mind”).

    And they presented two, Joseph the one called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias. -- Βαρσαβᾶν (barsaban) - “Barsabas” - also only in Acts 15:22 where Judah is called Barsabas.

    And praying they said, “You Lord, heart knower of all, appoint one whom you choose out of these two.. -- καρδιογνωστα (kardiognôsta) - “heart knower” - found also only in Acts 15:8.

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