Daniel P. Barron

Acts 18

Monday, April 12, 2021 

1 And after these things, the Paul departed from the Athens and went to Corinth. i 2 And finding a certain Jew named Aquila, ii Pontian iii by race, iv who recently had come from the Italy (because Claudius had ordered all the Jews to depart from the Rome), v and Priscilla his woman. He came to them. 3 And, since being of the same trade, he was remaining with them and working. For they were tent-makers by trade. 4 And he was reasoning in the synagogue on every sabbath, and he was persuading Jews and Greeks. 5 And when both the Silas and the Timothy came down from the Macedonia, the Paul was compelled in the spirit, solemnly testifying to the Jews the Christ is Joshua.

6 And on their opposing and blaspheming, shaking out the garments, he said to them, “Your blood is upon your head. I am clean. vi From the now, I shall go unto the nations.” 7 And departing from there, he went to a house of a certain one named Justus, who worshiped the God, whose house was next to the synagogue. 8 And Crispus, vii the ruler of the synagogue, believed in the Lord together with his whole house. And many of the Corinthians, viii hearing, were believing and being immersed. 9 And the Lord said through a vision in night to the Paul, “Do not fear, but speak and do not be silent. 10 Because, I am with you, and no one will come upon you to harm you. Because, I have many people in this city.” 11 And he stayed a year and six months teaching among them the word of the God.

12 And when Gallio ix was proconsul of the Achaia, x the Jews rose up with one accord against the Paul and led him unto the judgment seat, xi 13 saying that, “This one persuades men to worship the God against the law.” 14 And when the Paul was about to open the xii mouth, the Gallio said to the Jews, “If indeed then, it were a matter of wrongdoing or evil crime, O Jews, according to reason I would bear with you. 15 But, if it is an issue about a matter and names and your own law, see to it yourselves. For I do not wish to be a judge of these things.” 16 And he drove them from the judgment seat. 17 And all the Greeks taking Sosthenes, xiii the ruler of the synagogue, were beating him before the judgment seat. And none of these things mattered to the Gallio.

18 And the Paul still remaining many days, taking leave from the brethren, sailed away unto the Syria, and with him were Priscilla and Aquila. Having the head shorn xiv in Cenchrea, xv for he was keeping a vow. 19 And he arrived unto Ephesus, xvi and those xvii he left there. And he himself going into the synagogue, he reasoned with the Jews. 20 And when they asked him to remain for a longer time with them, he did not consent. 21 But, he took leave of them, saying, “I must by all means do the coming feast in Jerusalem. But I will again return to you, the God willing.” xviii And he set sail from the Ephesus.

22 And going down unto Caesarea, going up and greeting the assembly, he went down unto Antioch. 23 And after doing some time, he went out, passing through the Galatian country and Phrygia in order, strengthening the disciples. 24 And a certain Jew named Apollos, xix Alexandrian by birth, an eloquent man, arrived unto Ephesus, was powerful in the writings. 25 This one was instructed in the way of the Lord, and being fervent in spirit, was speaking and teaching accurately the things about the Lord, understanding only the Baptism of John. 26 And this one began to speak boldly in the synagogue. And hearing of him, Aquila and Priscilla took him aside and explained to him more accurately the way of the Lord. 27 And desiring to go through unto the Achaia, the brethren encouraging, wrote the disciples to welcome him. He arriving, helped many of those who had believed through the grace. 28 For he was vigorously refuting the Jews publicly, showing through the writings Joshua to be the Christ.

Acts 17 - Acts 19

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf.

  1. Κόρινθον (Korinthon) “Corinth” - found also in Acts 19:1; 1 Corinthians 1:2; 2 Corinthians 1:1, 23; 2 Timothy 4:20. ^
  2. Ακύλαν (Akulan) “Aquila” - found also in Acts 18:18, 26; Romans 16:3; 1 Corinthians 16:19; 2 Timothy 4:19. ^
  3. Ποντικὸν (Pontikon) “Pontian” DLNT; “Pontus” NKJV, etc. - only here. For “Pontus” (Πόντον) see Acts 2:9 and footnote. ^
  4. τῷ γένει (tô genei) “by race” DLNT, Green; “by birth” YLT; “born in” NKJV, KJV; “native of” NAS – see Acts 13:26 and footnote. ^
  5. Ἰταλίας (Italias) “Italy” - found also in Acts 27:1, 6; Hebrews 13:24 ^
  6. Ezekiel 3:17-21; 33:1-9 ^
  7. Κρίσπος (Krispos) “Crispus” - found also in 1 Corinthians 1:14. ^
  8. Κορινθίων (Korinthiôn) “Corinthians” - found also in 2 Corinthians 6:11. ^
  9. Γαλλίωνος (Galliônos) “Gallio” - found also in Acts 18:14, 17. ^
  10. Ἀχαΐας (Achaias) “Achaia” - found also in Acts 18:27; 19:21; Romans 15:26; 16:5; 1 Corinthians 16:15; 2 Corinthians 1:1; 9:2; 11:10; 1 Thessalonians 1:7-8. ^
  11. βῆμα (Bêma) “judgment seat” - see footnote for Matthew 27:19. ^
  12. τὸ (to) “the” - NKJV, etc. “his” ^
  13. Σωσθένην (Sôsthenên) “Sosthenes” - found also in 1 Corinthians 1:1. ^
  14. κειράμενος (keiramenos) “having shorn” YLT, KJV; “having sheared” DLNT; “having shaved” Green; “had . . . cut off” - found also in Acts 8:32 (“shearer”); 1 Corinthians 11:6 (“shorn”). ^
  15. Κεγχρεαῖς (Kegchreais) “Cenchrea” - found also in Romans 16:1. ^
  16. Ἔφεσον (Epheson) “Ephesus” - found also in Acts 18:21, 24; 19:1, 17, 26; 20:16-17; 1 Corinthians 15:32; 16:8; Ephesians 1:1; 1 Timothy 1:3; 2 Timothy 1:18; 4:12; Revelation 1:11; 2:1. ^
  17. “those” = Priscilla and Aquila ^
  18. God willing is also found in 1 Corinthians 4:19; James 4:15. ^
  19. Ἀπολλὼς (Apollôs) “Apollos” - found also in Acts 19:1; 1 Corinthians 1:12; 3:4-6, 22; 4:6; 16:12; Titus 3:13. ^

12 Responses

  1. Being then the offspring of the God, we ought not to suppose the divine one to be like gold or silver or stone, an image of man's craft and thought. -- τέχνης (technês) “craft” DLNT, NMB, WYC; “art” NKJV, KJV, NAS, YLT, Green – found also in Acts 18:3 (“occupation”); Revelation 18:22 (“craft”).

  2. And he came to Derbe and Lystra. And behold, a certain disciple was there named Timothy, son of a certain Jewish woman of faith, and the father was Greek... -- Τιμόθεος (Timotheos) “Timothy” NKJV, NAS; “Timotheus” KJV, YLT – found also in Acts 17:14-15; 18:5; 19:22; 20:4; Romans 16:21; 1 Corinthians 4:17; 16:10; 2 Corinthians 1:1, 19; Philippians 1:1; 2:19; Colossians 1:1; 1 Thessalonians 1:1; 3:2, 6; 2 Thessalonians 1:1; 1 Timothy 1:2, 18; 6:20; 2 Timothy 1:2; Philemon 1:1; Hebrews 13:23.

    And passing through the Phrygia and the Galatia country, being forbidden by the holy spirit to speak the word in the Asia... -- Γαλατικὴν (Galatikên) “Galatia” area located in central Turkey - found also in Acts 18:23.

  3. Then, the Paul and the Barnabus, having no small dissension and debate with them, they appointed Paul and Barnabus and some others from them to go down to the apostles and elders in Jerusalem about this question. -- ζητήματος (zêtêmatos) “question” NKJV, KJV, YLT, etc.; “issue” NAS, CSB, etc. - used in the context of a controversial question or issue (Acts 18:15; 23:29; 25:19; 26:3).

    Then, it seemed good to the apostles and the elders with the whole assembly to send to Antioch chosen men from them with Paul and Barnabus, Judah the one called Barsabas, and Silas, leading men among the brethren... -- Σίλαν (Silas) “Silas” NKJV, etc. - found also in Acts 15:27, 32, 34, 40; 16:19, 25, 29; 17:4, 10, 14-15; 18:5.

  4. So then, those who were scattered from the tribulation that happened over Stephen went through as far as Phoenicia and Cyprus and Antioch speaking the word to no one except only Jews. -- Ἀντιοχείας (Antiocheias) “Antioch” - found also in Acts 11:20, 22, 26(2x); 13:1, 14; 14:19, 21, 26; 15:22-23, 30, 35; 18:22; Galatians 2:11; 2 Timothy 3:11. Location is far south and central Turkey near northwest border of Syria.

    And one arising out of them named Agabus signified through the spirit a great famine was about to be upon the whole world which also happened during Claudius Caesar. -- Κλαυδίου (Klaudiou) “Claudius” - found also in Acts 18:2; 23:26. According to history, Claudius lived from 10 BC to 54 AD and ruled from 41 AD to 54 AD.

  5. And after they departed, behold, a messenger of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream saying, “Arise, take the child and his mother and flee to Egypt and stay there until I tell you. For Herod is about to seek for the child to destroy him.” -- mellei (mellei) - “is about to” - found also e.g. in Matthew 17:12 ("is . . . about to"); 17:22 ("is about to"); 20:22 ("I am about to"); Luke 9:31 ("was about to"); 9:44 ("is about to"); 10:1 ("was about to"); 21:7 ("are about to"); John 6:15 ("they were about to"); Acts 3:3 ("about to"); 12:6 ("was about to"); 16:27 ("was about to"); 18:14 ("was about to"); 20:3 ("was about to"); 21:37 ("was about to"); 22:29 ("were about to"); 23:27 ("was about to"); 27:33 ("was about to"); Hebrews 8:5 ("was about to"); Revelation 2:10(2x) ("you are about to" & "is about to"); 8:13 ("are about to"); 10:4 ("I was about to"); 10:7 ("he is about to"). See also footnotes for Matthew 12:32; Acts 22:16; 23:15.

  6. Then Joshua answering said to her, "Oh woman, great is your faith! Let it be to you as you desire." And her daughter was cured from that hour. -- w (ô) - “Oh” - found also only in Matthew 17:17; Mark 9:19; Luke 9:41; Acts 1:1; 13:10; 18:14; 27:21; Romans 2:1, 3; 9:20; 11:33; Galatians 3:1; Timothy 6:11, 20; James 2:20.

  7. And Joshua answering said, "Oh faithless and perverse generation, how long will I be with you? How long will I put up with you? Bring him here to me." -- anexomai (anexomai) - "put up with" - besides being in the same context in Mark 9:19 and Luke 9:41, this word is also found in Acts 18:14; 1 Corinthians 4:12; 2 Corinthians 11:1, [4, 19-20, NKJV "put up with"]; Ephesians 4:2; Colossians 3:13; 2 Thessalonians 1:4; 2 Timothy 4:3; Hebrews 13:22.

  8. And they sent him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, “Teacher, we know that you are true, and you teach the way of God in truth, and it does not matter to you concerning anyone, for you do not look to the face of men. -- ou melei soi (ou melei soi) - “it does not matter to you” - ou (ou) is “not,” soi (soi) is “to you,” and melei (melei) is “matter.” With melei (melei) the idea is “care about.” It is found also in Mark 4:38; 12:14; Luke 10:40; John 10:13; 12:16; Acts 18:17; 1 Corinthians 7:21; 9:9; 1 Peter 5:7.

  9. These all were continuing with one accord in the prayer and in the supplication, with the women and Mary the mother of Joshua, and with his brothers. -- ομοθυμαδον (homothumadon) - “with one accord” - also only found in Acts 2:1 (Majority and Received Texts), 46; 4:24; 5:12; 7:57; 8:6; 12:20; 15:25; 18:12; 19:29; Romans 15:6 (“with one mind”).

    And they presented two, Joseph the one called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias. -- Ἰοῦστος (ioustos) - “Justus” - also found in Acts 18:7; Colossians 4:11

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