Daniel P. Barron

Matthew 22

Friday, July 9, 2021 

1 And answering, Joshua again spoke to them in parables, saying, “The kingdom of the heavens is like a man, a king, who made a wedding for his son. 3 And he sent his slaves to call those who had been called to the wedding, and they did not want to come. 4 Again, he sent other slaves, saying, “Speak to those who have been called, 'Look, I prepared my meal, i my oxen and the fatted cattle have been slaughtered, and all things are ready. Come to the wedding.'” 5 And not caring, ii they departed, the one to his own field, the other to his business. 6 And the others, seizing his slaves, mistreated and killed them. 7 And when that king heard, he was angry, iii and sending his armies, he destroyed those murderers and burned their city.”

8 “Then he says to his slaves, 'The wedding is ready, but those called were not worthy. 9 Go, therefore, unto the outlets iv of the roads, v and whoever you find, call into the wedding.' 10 And those slaves going out into the roads, gathered together all whom they found, both evil and good. And the wedding was full of guests. vi 11 And the king, coming in to see the guests, saw there a man not wearing a wedding garment. vii 12 And he says to him, 'Friend, viii how did you enter here not having a wedding garment?' And he was muzzled.” ix

“Then the king said to the servants, 'Binding him foot and hand, take him and cast him into the outer darkness. x There shall be there the weeping and the gnashing xi of the teeth.' xii 14 For many are called, but few are chosen.”

15 Then, the Pharisees departing, took counsel how they might entrap him in word. xiii 16 And they sent him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, “Teacher, we know that you are true, and you teach the way of God in truth, and it does not matter xiv to you concerning anyone, for you do not look to the face of men. 17 Tell us, therefore, what do you think? Is it lawful to give tax xv to Caesar or not?”

18 And Joshua, knowing their evil, said, “Why do you test me, hypocrites? 19 Show me the coin xvi of the tax.” And they brought to him a denarius. 20 And he says to them, “The image and the inscription, whose is it?”

21 They say to him, “Caesar's."

Then he says to them, “Give, therefore, to Caesar the things of Caesar and to God the things of God.” 22 And when they heard, they marveled, and leaving him, they departed.

23 On that day, Sadducees came to him, who say there is no resurrection, and questioned him, 24 saying, “Teacher, Moses said, if someone dies not having children, his brother shall marry xvii his wife and raise up a seed xviii to his brother. 25 And there were with us seven brothers. And the first marrying, came to an end, xix and having no seed, left his wife to his brother, 26 likewise, also the second and the third, until the seven. 27 And after all, the wife died also. 28 In the resurrection then, whose of the seven is the wife? For all had her.”

29 And answering, Joshua said to them, “You are deceived, not knowing the writings nor the power of God. 30 For in the resurrection neither do they marry nor are they given in marriage, but are as messengers of God in heaven. xx 31 But concerning the resurrection of the dead, have you not read the word xxi to you by God, saying, 32 “I am the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob”? God is not the God of the dead xxii but of the living.” 33 And when the crowds heard, they were being amazed at his teaching.

34 And the Pharisees, hearing that he muzzled xxiii the Sadducees, were gathered together. 35 And one of them, a lawyer, questioned, testing him, and saying, 36 “Teacher, what is the greatest commandment in the law?”

37 And Joshua said to him, “'Love the Lord your God in your whole heart and in your whole soul and in your whole mind.' xxiv 38 This is the first and greatest commandment. xxv 39 And the second is like it, 'Love your neighbor as yourself.' xxvi 40 On these two commandments hang the whole law xxvii and the prophets.”

41 And during a gathering of the Pharisees, Joshua questioned them, 42 saying, “What do you think concerning the Christ? Whose son is he?”

They say to him, “David's.”

43 He says to them, “How, therefore, did David in the Spirit call him 'Lord,' saying, 44 'The Lord said to my Lord, xxviii sit at my right xxix until I place your enemies as a footstool for your feet'? xxx 45 If, then, David calls him 'Lord,' how is he his son?” xxxi 46 And no one was able to answer him a word, nor did someone dare, from that day, to question him any longer.

Matthew 21 - Matthew 23

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf. xxxii

  1. ariston (ariston) “meal” - see footnote for John 21:12. ^
  2. amelhsantev (amelêsantes) - “not caring” - found also only in 1 Timothy 4:14 (neglect); Hebrews 2:3 (neglect); 8:9 (disregarded). This word is from amelw (amelô) a negated form of melei (melei), found, e.g. in Matthew 22:16, melei (melei) “it does . . . matter.” See footnote for Matthew 22:16 for more on melei (melei). See also Proverbs 1:32. ^
  3. wrgisyh (ôrgisthê) - “angry” - same word as used e.g. in Matthew 5:22; 18:34; Luke 14:21; 15:28; Ephesians 4:26; Revelation 11:18; 12:17. ^
  4. diexodouv (diexodous) - “outlets” - more literally, “through out goings” - only found here in the NT. This is a combination of the preposition dia (dia) and the noun exodouv (exodous) from which is the word exodov (exodos), the Greek title of the book of Exodus (“going out”). ^
  5. odwv (odôs) - “roads” ^
  6. anakeimenwn (anakeimenôn) - “guests” - more literally, “reclining ones” ^
  7. Revelation 19:8 ^
  8. etaire (etaire) - “Friend” - found also only in Matthew 11:16 (Received Text); 20:13; 26:50. ^
  9. efimwyh (ephimôthê) - “muzzled” - see footnote for Matthew 22:34. ^
  10. “outer darkness” mentioned also in Matthew 8:12; 25:30. This is the “outside” of Revelation 22:15. Darkness can be felt (e.g. Exodus 10:21; Revelation 16:10), and even though He dwells in unapproachable light (1 Timothy 6:16), God also surrounds Himself with darkness (e.g. Exodus 20:21; Deuteronomy 5:22-23; 2 Samuel 22:10-12; Psalm 97:1-3). ^
  11. Matthew 13:42, 50; 22:13; 24:51; 25:30; Luke 13:28; see also Job 16:9; Psalm 35:16; 112:10; Lamentations 2:16; Acts 7:54; see also Mark 9:18. ^
  12. Hell is very physical (e.g. Luke 16:24). Those in hell have teeth. ^
  13. logw (logô) - “word” ^
  14. ou melei soi (ou melei soi) - “it does not matter to you” - ou (ou) is “not,” soi (soi) is “to you,” and melei (melei) is “matter.” With melei (melei) the idea is “care about.” It is found also in Mark 4:38; 12:14; Luke 10:40; John 10:13; 12:16; Acts 18:17; 1 Corinthians 7:21; 9:9; 1 Peter 5:7. ^
  15. khnson (kênson) - “tax” - singular – found in the NT always in the singular also only in Matthew 17:25; 22:19; Mark 12:14. ^
  16. nomisma (nomisma) - “coin” - only found here in the NT. LXX Ezra 8:36 has it for “orders” or “decrees” (yteD;, dâtêy). ^
  17. epigambreusei (epigambreusei) - “shall marry” - this is a different word for “marry.” It is not the same as in verse 25 (gamhsav, gamêsas). It is only found here in the NT, but it is found in the LXX in Genesis 38:8; 1 Samuel 18:23, 26; Ezra 9:14. In Genesis 38:8 it is used for translating µBey" (yabbêm), performing the duty of a husband's brother, which is found only there and in Deuteronomy 25:5 & 7. ^
  18. sperma (sperma) “seed” ^
  19. eteleuthse (eteleutêse) - “came to an end” - a euphemism for death ^
  20. This shows angels don't marry, yet some in the past did (Genesis 6:1-2, 4) and were judged for it (2 Peter 2:4; Jude 6-7). ^
  21. to rhyen (to hrêthen) - “the word” - aorist passive participle from 2 aorist eipon (eipon) from legw (legô) “I say.” ^
  22. “not the God of the dead” - Elsewhere it says He is the “Lord of all” (Acts 10:36), the God of “the spirits of all flesh”(which includes the wicked, Numbers 16:22; 27:16), “the God of all flesh” (which includes the wicked, Jeremiah 32:27), and “the God of the whole earth” (Isaiah 54:5). Therefore, even though He is “Lord of both the dead and the living” (Romans 14:9), and the wicked are called “dead” (spiritually dead, Matthew 8:22; Luke 9:60; Ephesians 2:1; 1 Timothy 5:6; Jude 12; Revelation 3:1; 20:12-13), this phrase, “not the God of the dead,” dictates “the dead” being spoke of here are those who are not resurrected. In other words, they don't exist. For He is the God of all, and “all live to Him” (Luke 20:38). In other words, all are already resurrected after death in the next life. Notice how the rich man in Hades is in a body in Luke 16:19-31, and Paul says believers have a “house” (i.e. a body) waiting for them (2 Corinthians 5:1-4). See also John 5:28-29. ^
  23. efimwse (ephimôse) - "muzzled" - used in 1 Corinthians 9:9; 1 Timothy 5:18 for "muzzle," also found in Matthew 22:12; Mark 1:25 (see NKJV footnote); 4:39; Luke 4:35 (see NKJV footnote); 1 Peter 2:15. ^
  24. dianoia (dianoia) “mind” - see footnote for Mark 12:30. ^
  25. What does loving God look like? See 1 John 5:3; Psalm 42:1-2; 63:1; 73:25; 84:1-2. ^
  26. “as yourself” - everyone has this intact, Ephesians 5:29. ^
  27. “hang the whole law” - Matthew 19:16-19; Romans 13:8-10; Galatians 5: 14; James 2:8 ^
  28. “The Lord said to my Lord” - eipen o kuriov tw kuriw mou (eipen ho kurios tô kuriô mou). The Hebrew in Psalm 110:1 reads, ynIdoal' hw:hyÒ µaunÒ (ne'um Yehvah la'doniy) “Yehvah said to the Lord.” In Matthew 22:44 (& Mark 12:36; Luke 20:42; Acts 2:34) the Lord uses o kuriov (ho kurios) for hw:hyÒ (Yehvah). ^
  29. Matthew 26:64; Mark 16:19; Acts 7:55; Romans 8:34; Colossians 3:1; Hebrews 1:3; 8:1-2; 10:12-13; 12:2; 1 Corinthians 15:24-28 ^
  30. podwn (podôn) “feet” - Matthew 26:64; Mark 16:19; Acts 7:55; Romans 8:34; Colossians 3:1; Hebrews 1:3; 8:1-2; 10:12-13; 12:2; 1 Corinthians 15:24-28. ^
  31. He is His son, Romans 1:3; 2 Timothy 2:8; Revelation 3:7; 5:5; 22:16 ^
  32. Mirrored here^

4 Responses

  1. ... and will cut him in two, and put his portion with the hypocrites. There shall be the weeping and the gnashing of the teeth.” -- o brugmov twn odontwn (ha brugmos tôn odontôn) - “the gnashing of teeth” - See Job 16:9; Psalm 35:16; 37:12; 112:9-10; Lamentations 2:16; Acts 7:54 (Matthew 8:12; 13:42, 50; 22:13; 25:30; Luke 13:28) [Mark 9:18 a demon].

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