Daniel P. Barron

Matthew 19

Monday, July 5, 2021 

1 And it came to pass, when Joshua finished these words, he went away from Galiliee and went into the areas of Judea, on the other side of the Jordan. 2 And many crowds followed him, and he healed them there.

3 And Pharisees came to him testing him, and saying to him, "Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason?"

4 And answering he said to them, "Did you not read that he who made them from the beginning made them male and female?" 5 And he said, "For this reason a man shall leave the father and the mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh. 6 So then, they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore, what God has joined together, let not man separate." i

7 They say to him, "Why then did Moses ii command to give a certificate of divorce iii and to send her away?" iv

8 He says to them, "Moses, to v the hardness of your hearts, permitted vi you to divorce your wives, but from the beginning it has not been so. 9 But I say to you that whoever divorces his wife, not because of immorality, vii and marries another, commits adultery; and he who marries her who is divorced commits adultery." viii

10 His disciples say to him, "If the case of a man is so with the wife, it is not beneficial to marry." ix

11 And he said to them, "Not everyone accepts this word, but to whom it has been given. 12 For there are eunuchs x who are born out of the mother's womb this way, and there are eunuchs who were made eunuchs by men, and there are eunuchs who made themselves eunuchs because of the kingdom of the heavens. He who is able to accept it, let him accept it." xi

13 Then they brought to him children, xii that he might put the hands on them and pray. But the disciples rebuked them. 14 But Joshua said, "Allow the children, and do not forbid them to come to me. For of such is the kingdom of the heavens." 15 And putting the hands on them, he went from there.

16 And behold, one coming said to him, "Good teacher, what good might I do so that I have eternal life?"

17 And he said to him, "Why do you call me good? There is none good except one, God. But, if you desire to enter the life, keep the commandments."

18 He says to him, "Which ones?" And Joshua said, "The 'Do not commit murder. Do not commit adultery. Do not steal. Do not bear false witness. 19 Honor the father and the mother. And love your neighbor as yourself."

20 The young man says to him, "All these I kept from my youth. What am I still lacking?"

21 Joshua said to him, "If you desire to be perfect, go sell your possessions and give to the poor, and you shall have treasure in heaven, and come follow me." 22 And when he heard the word, the young man departed sorrowful, for he was having many possessions.

23 And Joshua said to his disciples, "Truly I say to you that the rich enter the kingdom of the heavens with difficulty. 24 Again I say to you, it is easier for a camel xiii to go through a hole xiv of a needle than for a rich one to enter the kingdom of God."

25 And hearing, his disciples were exceedingly amazed, saying, "Who then is able to be saved?"

26 And looking, Joshua said to them, "For men this is impossible, but for God all things are possible."

27 Then answering Peter said to him, "Behold, we have left all and followed you. What then shall be for us?"

28 And Joshua said to them, "Truly I say to you that you who have followed me, in the regeneration, when the son of the man sits upon the throne of his glory, you shall sit also upon twelve xv thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel. 29 And all who have left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or wife xvi or children or fields for my name's sake, shall receive a hundred fold, and shall inherit eternal life. xvii 30 And many shall be first, last, and last, first."

Matthew 18 - Matthew 20

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf. xviii

  1. Exceptions can be found in Genesis 21:8-12 (see footnotes for those verses); Ezra 9:1-10:3; Nehemiah 13:23-30. ^
  2. Deuteronomy 24:1-3 ^
  3. "certificate of divorce," biblion apostasiou (biblion apostasio) - See also Jeremiah 3:8 and footnote for Matthew 5:31. ^
  4. "send . . . away," apolusai (apolusai) is the same exact word for "divorce" in verse 3, apolusai (apolusai). When used for divorce, it is only found here and in Matthew 1:19; 5:31; 19:3; Mark 10:2, 4, 11-12; Luke 16:18. ^
  5. prov (pros) - "to" ^
  6. Some permitted (Deuteronomy 21:10-14; 24:1-3), some not permitted (Deuteronomy 22:13-19; 28-29). ^
  7. Received Text reads, "except for immorality" (ei mh epi porneia, ei mê epi porneia), MT & CT "not because of" or "not upon immorality" (epi porneia, mê epi porneia). ^
  8. Matthew 5:32b; Luke 16:18b ^
  9. Ecclesiastes 7:26 ^
  10. eunoucoi (eunouchoi) - "eunuchs" or "emasculated men" - found only here and in Acts 8:27, 34, 36, 38-39. ^
  11. 1 Corinthians 7:6-7 ^
  12. paidia (paidia) - "children" ^
  13. kamhlon (kamêlon) - "camel" ^
  14. truphmatov (trupêmatos) - "hole" - found only here. Akin to the verb trupaw (trupaô) - to make a hole. This word is not found in the NT. ^
  15. Judas would not be one of the twelve, but rather Matthias (Acts 1:15-26). ^
  16. Critical Text leaves out "or wife." ^
  17. Proverbs 23:17-18 ^
  18. Mirrored here^

4 Responses

  1. On these two commandments hang the whole law and the prophets.” -- “hang the whole law” - Matthew 19:16-19; Romans 13:8-10; Galatians 5: 14; James 2:8

  2. ...whom they stood before the apostles. And praying, they laid on them the hands. -- ἐπέθηκαν αὐτοῖς τὰς χεῖρας (epethêkan autois tas cheiras) - “they laid on them the hands” - “and laying on of hands” (Hebrews 6:2 ἐπιθέσεώς τε χειρῶν) is one in the list of “the word of the beginning of the Christ” τὸν τῆς ἀρχῆς τοῦ χριστοῦ λόγον (ton tês archês tou christou) NKJV “elementary principles of Christ” in Hebrews 6:1-2. Laying on of hands also found e.g. in Eoxous 29:9-10, 15-19; Leviticus 4:13-15; 8:13-22; 16:21; 24:14; Numbers 8:10-12; 27:22-23; Deuteronomy 34:9; 2 Kings 13:16-17; 2 Chronicles 29:23; Matthew 19:13-15; Mark 5:23; 6:5; 10:16; 16:18; Luke 4:40; Acts 9:17; 13:3; 19:6; 1 Timothy 4:14; 5:22; 2 Timothy 1:6.

  3. And she said to him, “No, for this is greater bad than before what you did with me, to send me away!” And he was unwilling to listen to her. -- According to the law, Amnon was to be killed (Leviticus 18:9, 29). If mercy were given, there is also Matthew 19:6 & Deuteronomy 22:28-29, and Abraham's example (Genesis 20:12).

  4. Because of this, the God delivered them into dishonorable passions. For even their females exchanged the natural use for what is against nature. -- θήλειαι (thêleiai) “females” - plural form of same word for “female” as in Matthew 19:4; Mark 10:6; Galatians 3:28.

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