Daniel P. Barron

Matthew 8

Thursday, May 13, 2021 

1 And coming down with him from the mountain, many crowds followed him. 2 And behold, a leper came worshipping him, saying, "Lord, if you are willing, you are able to cleanse me."

3 And stretching out the hand Joshua touched i him, saying, "I am willing. Be cleansed." And immediately his leprosy was cleansed. 4 And Joshua said to him, "See that you tell no one, but go, show yourself to the priest, and bring the gift that Moses commanded, for a testimony to them." ii

5 And when he entered Capernaum, a centurion came to him entreating him 6 and saying, "Lord, my child has been lying iii in the house, a paralytic, terribly tormented." 7 And Joshua said to him, "I will come heal him." 8 And the centurion answering said, 'Lord, I am not worthy that you should come under my roof, but only speak with a word, iv and my child will be cured. 9 For I also am a man under authority, having soldiers under me. And I say to this one, 'Go,' and he goes, and to another, 'Come,' and he comes, and to my servant, 'Do this,' and he does it."

10 And when Joshua heard, he was amazed and said to those who follow, 'Truly, I say to you, not even in Israel did I find so great a faith! 11 And I say to you that many will come from east and west and recline with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of the heavens. 12 But the sons of the kingdom v will be cast out into the outer darkness. vi There will be the weeping and the gnashing vii of the teeth."

13 And Joshua said to the centurion, "Go, and as you believed let it be to you." And his child was cured in that hour.

14 And when Joshua came into Peter's house, he saw his mother-in-law lying sick viii and with a fever. 15 And he touched her hand and the fever left her, and she arose and served him. ix

16 And when it was late, they brought to him many who were demonized. And he cast out the spirits with a word, and healed all who were having it badly, 17 so that what was spoken through the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled, saying, "He himself took our infirmities and bore our diseases." x

18 And Joshua, seeing the many crowds around him, ordered to depart to the other side. 19 And a scribe came to him saying, "Teacher, I will follow you wherever you might go." 20 And Joshua said to him, "The foxes have holes and the birds of heaven nests, but the son of the man xi has no where he may lay xii his head."

21 And another of his disciples said to him, "Lord, permit me to first go and bury my father." 22 And Joshua said to him, "Follow me, and let the dead bury their own dead." xiii

23 And when he got into the boat, his disciples followed him. 24 And behold, there was a great shaking xiv on the sea, so that the boat was covered by the waves. But he was sleeping. 25 And the disciples xv came, and awoke him saying, "Lord, save us! We are perishing!"

26 And he says to them, "Why are you cowardly, xvi little believers?" xvii Then araising, he rebuked the winds and the sea, and there was a great calm. 27 And the men were amazed, saying, "What kind of man is this, that even the winds and the sea obey him?"

28 And when he went to the other side into the area of the Gergesenes, xviii there met him two demoniacs coming out of the tombs, exceedingly dangerous, so that no one was able xix to go through that way. xx 29 And behold, they screamed saying, "What's to us and you, Joshua, son of God? Did you come here before the time to torment us?" 30 And far away from them was a herd of many pigs feeding. 31 And the demons entreated him, saying, "If you cast us out, permit us to go into the herd of pigs."

32 And he said to them, "Go." And going out, they departed into the herd of pigs. And behold, the whole herd of pigs rushed down the steep bank into the sea and died in the water. 33 And the ones feeding fled, and went to the city reporting everything, even the things about the demoniacs. 34 And behold, the whole city came to met Joshua. And when they saw him, they entreated that he might depart from their region.

Matthew 7 - Matthew 9

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf. xxi

  1. hqato (hêpsato) - “touched” - from aptw (aptô) - found also only in Matthew 8:15 (“touched”); 9:20-21 (“touched”; “touch”), 29 (“touched”); 14:36 (“touch”; “touched”); 17:7 (“touched”); 20:34 (“touched”); Mark 1:41 (“touched”); 3:10 (“touch”); 5:27-28 (“touch”; “touched”), 30-31 (“touched”); 6:56 (“touch”; “touched”); 7:33 (“touched”); 8:22 (“touch”); 10:13 (“touch”); Luke 5:13 (“touched”); 6:19 (“touch”); 7:14 (“touched”), 39 (“touching”); 8:16 (“lit” a lamp), 44-47 (“touch”; “touched”); 11:33 (“lit” a lamp); 15:8 (“light” a lamp); 18:15 (“touch”); 22:51 (“touched”); John 20:17 (NKJV “cling”); Acts 28:2 (“kindled”); 1 Corinthians 7:1 (“touch”); 2 Corinthians 6:17 (“touch”); Colossians 2:21 (“touch”); 1 John 5:18 (“touch”). ^
  2. Leviticus 14:1-32 ^
  3. beblhtai (beblêtai) - "lying," more literally "cast down," from ballw, throw or cast. ^
  4. Majority Text has logw (logô) - "with a word" or by, to, a word. Critical Text has logou (logou) - "of a word." Received Text logon (logon) - "a word." ^
  5. "sons of the kingdom" - see Romans 9:4-5. Same phrase used for believers in Matthew 13:38. ^
  6. "outer darkness" - mentioned also only in Matthew 22:13; 25:30. "Outer" has to do with the idea of both "outside" and "extreme." See also 2 Peter 2:17; Jude 13. ^
  7. brugmov (brugmos) - “gnashing” - See Matthew 13:42, 50; 22:13; 24:51; 25:30; Luke 13:28; Psalm 112:10 all describe those in hell. See also Job 16:9; Psalm 35:16; 37:12; Lamatations 2:16; Acts 7:54 depict hatred towards someone. Mark 9:18 is someone demon possessed. ^
  8. beblhmenhn (beblêmenên) - "lying sick" - from ballw, throw or cast. ^
  9. Received Text has "them." ^
  10. Isaiah 53:4 ^
  11. o uiov tou anyrwpou (ho huios tou anthrôpou) - “the son of the man” - this is used in the NT only of Christ speaking of Himself, except in John 12:34 where they repeat Christ's words, and Acts 7:56 (ton uion tou anyrwpou) where Stephen is speaking of Christ. In Mark 8:31 & 9:9 it is a narrative of what Christ said. This same exact construction is found also only in Matthew 9:6; 10:23; 11:19; 12:8, 40; 13:37, 41; 16:27; 17:9, 12, 22; 18:11; 19:28; 20:18, 28; 24:44; 25:13, 31; 26:2, 24, 45; Mark 2:10, 28; 8:38; 9:9, 31; 10:33, 45; 14:21, 41; Luke 5:24; 6:5; 7:34; 9:26, 44, 56, 58; 11:30; 12:8, 40; 17:24, 30; 18:8; 19:10; John 3:13; 6:27; 12:23, 34; 13:31. There is also the construction tou uiou tou anyrwpou (tou huiou tou anthrôpou) found only in Matthew 12:32; 24:27, 30, 37, 39; Luke 6:22; 17:22, 26; 21:36; John 6:53, and tw uiw tou anyrwpou (tô huiô tou anthrôpou) in Luke 18:31, and ton uion tou anyrwpou (ton huion tou anthrôpou) in Matthew 16:13, 28; 24:30; 26:64; Mark 8:31; 9:12; 13:26; 14:62; Luke 9:22; 12:10; 21:27; 22:48; 24:7; John 1:51; 3:14; 6:62; 8:28; 12:34; Acts 7:56. LXX has none of these constructions.

    Psalm 80:17(H18) has uion anyrwpou (huion anthrôpou) for the Hebrew µd;a;A÷B, (ben-'âdâm) “son of man.” Daniel 7:13 has uiov anyrwpou (huios anthrôpou) for the Aramaic vn:aÔ rb' (bar 'enâsh) “son of man.” Daniel 8:17 has uie anyrwpou (huie anthrôpou) for the Hebrew µd;a;A÷B, (ben-'âdâm) “son of man.” Ezekiel 2:1, 3, 6, 8; 3:1, 3-4, 10, 17, 25; 4:1 etc. have uie anyrwpou (huie anthrôpou) for the Hebrew µd;a;A÷B, (ben-'âdâm) “son of man,” which µd;a;A÷B, (ben-'âdâm) is how it is throughout Ezekiel where Ezekiel is often called µd;a;A÷B, (ben-'âdâm) “son of man.” All of these OT passages are without the use of the article in both the Greek and the Hebrew, thus they are, in that way, unlike “the Son of the Man” in the NT. There is no wording of µd;a;h;A÷B, (ben-hâ'âdâm) “son of the man” in the OT.

    Every time Christ is referred to in the NT, it is with the above constructions with the articles, except in John 5:27. There Christ refers to Himself as, uiov anqrwpou (huios anthrôpou) “son of man” without any definite articles. See John 5:27 and footnote.

    The significance of the use of the article referencing a definitive “man,” “the man,” i.e. the Father, as in 2 John 1:3 “the Son of the Father,” tou uiou tou patrov (tou huiou tou patros), can be seen in the passages without the article in a similar phrase. Hebrews 2:6 has uiov anyrwpou (huios anthrôpou) “son of man” here clearly referring to mankind (as in John 5:27). Revelation 1:13 & 14:14 have uiw anyrwpou (huiô anthrôpou) clearly referring to looking like a man. ^

  12. klinh (klinê) - “lay” - found also only in Luke 9:12 (“to wear away”), 58 (“lay”); 24:5 (“bowed”), 29 (“is far spent”); John 19:30 (“bowing”); Hebrews 11:34 (“turned to flight”). ^
  13. More literally, "let the dead bury themselves the dead." ^
  14. seismov (seismos) - "shaking" - used elsewhere for earthquakes (Matthew 24:7; 27:54; 28:2; Mark 13:8; Luke 21:11; Acts 16:26; Revelation 6:12; 8:5; 11:13 [2x], 19; 16:18). ^
  15. Received Text has "his disciples." Critical Text has neither "his" or "disciples." ^
  16. deiloi (deiloi) - "cowardly" - found also in Mark 4:40 (“fearful”) and Revelation 21:8 (“cowards”). See footnote also for John 14:27. ^
  17. See footnote for Matthew 6:30. See also Psalm 46:1-3. Note the title to this Psalm. The sons of Korah (Exodus 6:24) saw the earth removed under their father (Numbers 16:26-34), but did not perish (Numbers 26:9-11). See also Psalm 112:7; Proverbs 3:25-26; Isaiah 26:3. ^
  18. gergeshnwn (gergesênôn) "Gergesenes" - Critical Text, gadarhnwn (gadarênôn) "Gadarenes." ^
  19. iscuein (ischuein) - "able" - more literally, "to be strong." The idea is, no one was strong enough to go through that way. ^
  20. Joshua was able and did! ^
  21. Mirrored here^

8 Responses

  1. Then the servant falling down was worshipping him, saying, 'Lord, have patience with me, and I will repay all.' -- prosekunei (prosekunei) - "was worshipping" - This is the word for worship (e.g. Matthew 4:9-10; Acts 7:43; Revelation 9:20; 19:10; 22:8), used to Christ (e.g. Matthew 2:2; 8:2; John 9:38). It is used to men here, and also in Acts 10:25 and Revelation 3:9. For every reference of this word, see footnote for Matthew 2:2.

  2. ... “Then the king said to the servants, 'Binding him foot and hand, take him and cast him into the outer darkness. There shall be there the weeping and the gnashing of the teeth.'“outer darkness” mentioned also in Matthew 8:12; 25:30. This is the “outside” of Revelation 22:15. Darkness can be felt (e.g. Exodus 10:21; Revelation 16:10), and even though He dwells in unapproachable light (1 Timothy 6:16), God also surrounds Himself with darkness (e.g. Exodus 20:21; Deuteronomy 5:22-23; 2 Samuel 22:10-12; Psalm 97:1-3).

    “I am the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob”? God is not the God of the dead but of the living.” -- “not the God of the dead” - Elsewhere it says He is the “Lord of all” (Acts 10:36), the God of “the spirits of all flesh”(which includes the wicked, Numbers 16:22; 27:16), “the God of all flesh” (which includes the wicked, Jeremiah 32:27), and “the God of the whole earth” (Isaiah 54:5). Therefore, even though He is “Lord of both the dead and the living” (Romans 14:9), and the wicked are called “dead” (spiritually dead, Matthew 8:22; Luke 9:60; Ephesians 2:1; 1 Timothy 5:6; Jude 12; Revelation 3:1; 20:12-13), this phrase, “not the God of the dead,” dictates “the dead” being spoke of here are those who are not resurrected. In other words, they don't exist. For He is the God of all, and “all live to Him” (Luke 20:38). In other words, all are already resurrected after death in the next life. Notice how the rich man in Hades is in a body in Luke 16:19-31, and Paul says believers have a “house” (i.e. a body) waiting for them (2 Corinthians 5:1-4). See also John 5:28-29.

  3. “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you build the tombs of the prophets and decorate the tombs of the righteous ... -- mnhmeia (mnêmeia) - “tombs” - this word literally has the idea of a memorial, being it is akin to the noun for remembrance, mnhmhn (mnêmên), only found in 1 Peter 1:15 (“reminder” NKJV) and the verb mnhmoneuete (mnêmoneuete), e.g. Matthew 16:9; Luke 17:32. Here and in Luke 11:47 it is used in the sense of a grave memorial, but in the rest of the NT it is used simply in the sense of a grave/tomb. See Matthew 8:28; 27:52-53, 60(2x); 28:8; Mark 5:2; 6:29; 15:46; 16:2-3, 5, 8; Luke 11:44; 23:55; 24:2, 9, 12, 22, 24; John 5:28; 11:17, 31, 38; 12:17; 19:41-42; 20:1-4, 6, 8, 11; Acts 13:29.

  4. ... and will cut him in two, and put his portion with the hypocrites. There shall be the weeping and the gnashing of the teeth.” -- o brugmov twn odontwn (ha brugmos tôn odontôn) - “the gnashing of teeth” - See Job 16:9; Psalm 35:16; 37:12; 112:9-10; Lamentations 2:16; Acts 7:54 (Matthew 8:12; 13:42, 50; 22:13; 25:30; Luke 13:28) [Mark 9:18 a demon].

  5. And cast out the unprofitable slave into the outer darkness. There will be the weeping and the gnashing of the teeth.'” -- to skotov to exwteron (to skotos to exôterov) - “the outer darkness”- See footnote for Matthew 8:12.

    brugmov (brugmos) - “gnashing” - See footnote for Matthew 8:12.

  6. And when it was late, a wealthy man from Arimathea came, named Joseph, who himself was also a disciple of Joshua. -- oqiav (opsias) - “late” or “evening” - found also only in Matthew 8:16 (“late”); 14:15, 23; 16:2; 20:8; 26:20; Mark 1:32; 4:35; 6:47 (“evening”); 11:11 (“late”); 14:17; 15:42; John 6:16; 20:19 (“evening”).

  7. And coming to him, the tempter said, “If you are son of God, tell these stones to become bread.” -- Εἰ υἱὸς εἶ τοῦ θεου (Ei huios ei tou theou) “If you are son of God” - usually, the definite article is used with “son of God” when refering to Christ. Yet, it is without the definite article here and also in Matthew 4:6 (same context, Luke 4:3, 9); Matthew 8:29 (Luke 8:28; Mark 5:7); 27:40; Mark 1:1.

    And the report of him went into all Syria. And they brought to him all who had it bad afflicted with various diseases and torments, and who were demoniacs and moonstruck and paralytics. And he healed them. -- παραλυτικους (paralutikous) - “paralytics” - found also in Matthew 8:6; 9:2, 6; Mark 2:3-5, 9; Luke 5:24; John 5:3.

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