Daniel P. Barron

Matthew 6

Saturday, May 8, 2021 

1 "Be careful not to do your charitable deed i before men to be seen by them. Otherwise, you have no reward from your father who is in the heavens. 2 Therefore, when you do a charitable deed, do not sound a trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synogogues and in the lanes, ii in order to be glorified by men. Truly I say to you, they have their reward. iii 3 But when you do a charitable deed, do not let your left know what your right is doing, iv 4 so that your charitable deed might be in secret. And your father who sees in secret, he shall reward you in the open." v

5 "And when you pray, do not be like the hypocrites, for they love vi to pray standing in the synagogues and on the corners of the streets, that they might appear to men. Truly I say to you that they have their reward. 6 But you, when you pray, go into your inner room, vii and after shutting your door, pray to your father who is in secret. And your father who sees in secret shall reward you in the open. viii 7 And when you pray, do not babble ix as the Gentiles, x for they think that by their many words they will be heard. xi 8 Therefore, do not be like them, for your father knows what you have need of before you ask him." xii

9 "Therefore, pray in this manner: Our Father xiii who is in the heavens, let xiv your name be holy. xv 10 Let your kingdom come. xvi Let your will be also upon the earth, as it is in heaven. xvii 11 Give xviii us today our daily bread. 12 And forgive us our debts, as xix we also forgive our debtors. 13 And do not bring us into temptation, xx but deliver us from the evil one. For yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. xxi Amen." xxii

14 "For if you forgive men their transgressions, your heavenly father will also forgive you. 15 But if you do not forgive men their transgressions, neither will your father forgive your transgressions." xxiii

16 "And when you fast, do not be like the hypocrites with a sullen look. For they disfigure their faces in order to appear to men they are fasting. Truly I say to you that they have their reward. 17 But when you fast, anoint your head, and wash your face, 18 so that you do not appear to men to be fasting, but to your father who is in secret. xxiv And your father who sees in secret will repay you." xxv

19 "Do not store up treasures for yourselves upon the earth, where moth and rust xxvi destroy xxvii and where thieves break in and steal. xxviii 20 But store up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where moth and rust do not destroy and where thieves do not break in and steal. xxix 21 For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also." xxx

22 The lamp of the body is the eye. Therefore, if your eye is good, xxxi your whole body will be illuminated. xxxii 23 But if your eye is bad, xxxiii your whole body will be darkened. Therefore, if the light in you is darkness, xxxiv how great is the darkness?" xxxv

24 "No one is able to serve two Lords. xxxvi For he will hate the one and love the other, or he will hold xxxvii to one and despise the other. You are not able to serve God and mammon." xxxviii

25 "Because of this I say to you, do not be concerned xxxix with your soul, what you might eat and what you might drink, nor with your body, what you might wear. Is not the soul more than food and the body than clothing? xl 26 Look at the birds of the heaven, that they do not sow xli nor reap nor gather into barns, and your heavenly father feeds them. Are you not more important xlii than they? xliii 27 And who of you by being concerned is able to add one cubit xliv to his age? xlv 28 And why are you concerned about clothing? Observe the lilies of the field, xlvi how it xlvii grows. It neither toils nor spins. 29 Yet I say to you that not even Solomon in all his glory was dressed like one of these. 30 And if God so clothes the grass of the field, which today is and tomorrow is thrown into an oven, will he not much more you, little believers? xlviii 31 Therefore, do not be concerned saying, 'What might we eat?' or 'What might we drink?' or 'What might we wear?' 32 For all these the Gentiles seek. For your heavenly father knows that you need xlix all these. 33 But seek first l the kingdom of God li and his righteousness, lii and all these will be added liii to you. 34 Therefore, do not be concerned about tomorrow, liv for tomorrow will be concerned about things of itself. Sufficient for the day is its own badness." lv

Matthew 5 - Matthew 7

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf. lvi

  1. elehmosunhn (eleêmosunên) - "charitable deed" (singular) - This is the same exact word as is found in verse two, "charitable deed." ^
  2. ῥύμαις (hrumais) - “lanes” - found also in Luke 14:21; Acts 9:11; 12:10. There is also “streets” πλατειῶν (plateiôn) e.g. Matthew 6:5; etc. ^
  3. They get what they want, now, with nothing but hell later. ^
  4. This is how pure your own heart should be, not even announcing it to your other hand. Yet, there is a time and place where your charitable deed might be known, but certainly not to be seen and glorified by men (e.g. Mark 12:41-44 [Luke 21:1-4]; Luke 19:8; 2 Corinthians 9:1-5). ^
  5. Mark 4:22 ^
  6. filousin (philousin) - “they love” - from filew (phileô), found also only in Matthew 10:37 (2x); 23:6; 26:48 (“kissed”); Mark 14:44 (“kiss”); Luke 20:46; 22:47 (“kissed”); John 5:20; 11:3, 36; 12:25; 15:19; 16:27; 20:2; 21:15-17 (2x); 1 Corinthians 16:22; Titus 3:15; Revelation 3:19; 22:15. The noun for “kiss” is filhma (philêma), see footnote for Luke 7:45. Another verb translated “kiss” is katafilew (kataphileô) found only in Matthew 26:49; Mark 14:45; Luke 7:38, 45; 15:20; Acts 20:37 (katafilew is the compound verb filew with the preposition kata in front of it, more literally meaning, “down love” or “love down”). Some related words: the noun filov (philos) “friend.” See footnote for Matthew 11:19. The noun, filia (philia) “friendship” James 4:4. Other related words: Filagayon (philagathon) “lover of what is good” Titus 1:8 (agayon [agathon] is “good” e.g. John 1:46). Filadelfia (philadelphia) “brotherly love” Romans 12:10; 1 Thessalonians 4:9; Hebrews 13:1; 1 Peter 1:22; 2 Peter 1:7 (2x). Filadelfoi (philadelphos) “love as brothers” 1 Peter 3:8, more literally, “lovers of brethren.” Filandrouv (philandrous) more literally, “lovers of husbands” Titus 2:4 (androv [androus] is “husband” e.g. Luke 16:18). Filanyrwpia (philanthrôpia) “love . . . toward man” Titus 3:4; Acts 28:2 (more literally, “not the common love toward man” ou thn tucousan filanyrwpian [ou tên tuxousan philanthrôpian]). Filanyrwpwv (philanthrôpôs) Acts 27:3 “kindly” (adverbial form of filanyrwpia). Filarguria (philarguria) more literally, “love of silver” (arguria [arguria] is “silver” e.g. Matthew 27:3) 1 Timothy 6:10. Filargurov (philarguros) more literally, “lover of silver” Luke 16:14; 2 Timothy 3:2. Filautoi (philautoi) “lovers of themselves.”Afilagayoi (aphilagathoi) “despisers of good” 2 Timothy 3:3 (this is “lover of good” [filagayon] with the negating alpha in front of it). Afilarguron (aphilarguron) “not covetous” 1 Timothy 3:3 (NKJV), more literally, “not a lover of silver.” Filhdonoi (philêdonoi) “lovers of pleasure” 2 Timothy 3:4 (hdonh (êdonê) is “pleasure,” e.g. 2 Peter 2:13). Filoyeoi (philotheoi) “lovers of God” 2 Timothy 3:4. Filologon (philologon) “Philologus” apparently meaning, “lover of word” Romans 16:15. Filoxenov (philoxenos) “hospitable” 1 Timothy 3:2; Titus 1:8;1 Peter 4:9 (xenov [xenos] is “strange” used for “stranger” in Matthew 25:35, 38, 43, 44; 27:7; Ephesians 2:12, 19; Hebrews 11:13; 3 John 5; translated “strange” in Hebrews 13:9; 1 Peter 4:12; translated “host” in Romans 16:23; translated “foreign” in Acts 17:18 and “foreigners” in Acts 17: 21) = “friend of stranger.”. Filoxenia (philoxenia) “hospitable” Romans 12:13; Hebrews 13:2 (xenia [xenia] is only found in Acts 28:23 [“lodging”] & Philemon 22 [“guest room”]). Filoprwteuwn (philoprôteuôn) “loves to have the preeminence” 3 John 9 (prwteuwn (prôteuôn) is “preeminence” found only in Colossians 1:18]). Filosofiav (philosophias) “philosophy” Colossians 2:8 (sofiav [sophias] is “wisdom” e.g. Acts 6:3. Thus, filosofiav [philosophias] is more literally, “love of wisdom.” See also 1 Timothy 6:20 “falsely called knowledge”). Filosofwn (philosophôn) “philosophers” Acts 17:18, more literally, “lovers of wisdom”). Filostorgoi (philostorgoi) “kindly affectionate” Romans 12:10 (astorgoi [astorgoi] is “unloving” found only in Romans 1:31; 2 Timothy 3:3. Thus, storgoi [storgoi], without the negating alpha, apparently is “loving,” although this word is not found in the NT). Filoteknouv (philoteknous) more literally, “lovers of children” Titus 2:4 (teknon [teknon] is “child” e.g. Matthew 10:21). Filotimeomai (philotimeomai) more literally, “love the honor” (timaw [timaô] is to “value” or “honor.” Thus, in Romans 15:20 “I have made it my aim to preach the gospel” (NKJV) is more literally, “loving the honor to preach the gospel” filotimoumenon euaggelizesyai [philotimoumenon euangelizesthai]. 2 Corinthians 5:9 “we make it our aim” (NKJV) is more literally, “we love the honor” filotimoumeya. 1 Thessalonians 4:11 “that you also aspire” (NKJV) is more literally, “and to love the honor” kai filotimeisyai). Filofronwv (philophronôs) Acts 28:7 “courteously” (NKJV) (fronew [phroneô] is to “think.” Thus, it more literally is, “loving thinkingly” i.e. courteously). Filofronev (philophrones) 1 Peter 3:8 (Majority and Received Texts) “courteous.” ^
  7. tamieion (tamieion) - "inner room" - this spelling only found here. Critical Text has tameion (tameion) found also in Matthew 24:26; Luke 12:2, 24. ^
  8. This does not forbid any and all public prayer (e.g. 2 Chronicles 6:12-7:3; Luke 10:21; John 11:41-42; Acts 4:23-24, 31). ^
  9. battologhshte (battologêsête) - "babble" - this word is an onomatopoeia (a word that sounds like its action). ^
  10. 1 Corinthians 12:1-2 ^
  11. 1 Corinthians 14:9 - The charismatics utter meaningless sounds (babble). Catholics also babble with repeated "Hail Mary," etc.. ^
  12. Why pray then? Proverbs 15:8; 1 Peter 3:12; James 5:16; Hebrews 11:6 (e.g. Joshua 10:12-14) ^
  13. This is an endearing term (e.g. Romans 8:14-17), and a fearful term (1 Peter 1:17). See also Malachi 1:6. ^
  14. This verb and the following two verbs in verse ten are in the third person imperative, thus "let." ^
  15. Typically translated, "Hallowed be your name." Hallowed means to make or be holy. The idea is, "your name is to be holy (i.e. set apart)." See Isaiah 8:13. God's name is holy (Psalm 111:9; Luke 1:49), but in this wicked world men blaspheme His holy name (2 Timothy 3:2). The godly desire to see His name set apart and exalted (Psalm 103:1; 113:3; 145:3). ^
  16. 1 Corinthians 16:22; Titus 2:11-13; 2 Peter 3:12; Revelation 1:7; 22:20 ^
  17. Apparently, in heaven (paradise, Luke 23:43) His will is done (Job 1:6; 2:1)? Yet, what about Revelation 12:10? Also, isn't His will done on earth? Yes (Romans 11:36), and no (e.g. Genesis 6:5-6; Deuteronomy 5:28-29; 32:28-29/29:2-4; Isaiah 48:17-18/63:15-17 [18-65:6/63:17/26:12]; Daniel 10:12-13) Romans 11:33. ^
  18. No "please"? Hebrews 4:16? Not without fear (Hebrews 12:28-29), and fear dictates obedience to these words of our Lord (Matthew 6:11). ^
  19. Scary prayer! We had better be totally forgiving! ^
  20. God does not tempt anyone (James 1:13), but He may very well lead you into temptation, as He did with Christ (Matthew 4:1), so the Lord instructs us to ask Him not to do so. He also might incline our heart to fall into the temptation, so David prays He wouldn't do this as well (Psalm 141:4). ^
  21. Daniel 4:34-37; 6:26; 7:13-14 ^
  22. amhn (amên) - "Amen" - This is the same word for "truly" in verses two and five. ^
  23. Matthew 18:21-35; Mark 11:25-26; salvation and forgiveness of sins is synonymous, see e.g. Acts 5:31; 13:38; 26:18; Ephesians 1:7; Colossians 1:14. ^
  24. This can and should still be lived out, even in a public fast (as in Ezra 8:21; Esther 4:16). Also, mentioning a fast is not sin in and of itself (Acts 10:30; 2 Corinthians 6:5; 11:27). ^
  25. Received Text adds at the end of this verse, en tw fanerw (en tô phanerô), "in the open." ^
  26. brwsiv (brôsis) - "rust" - used also for "eating" (Romans 14:17; 1 Corinthians 8:4) and "food" (John 4:32; 6:27, 55; 2
    Corinthians 9:10; Colossians 2:16; Hebrews 12:16).
  27. afanizei (aphavizei) - "destroy" - found also in Matthew 6:16 for "disfigure," Acts 13:41 for "perish," and James 4:14 for "vanish." ^
  28. i.e. riches in this world are uncertain (1 Timothy 6:17). See also Psalm 39:4-13; 49; 52 (verse 9 = treasure in heaven); 62:8-11 ("power belongs to God," not riches). See also Proverbs 11:4, 16, 28 (13:8); 23:4-5; Ecclesiastes 5:13-16. ^
  29. Certain riches, e.g. Psalm 112:1, 3; Proverbs 22:4. These verses will be fulfilled either in this life and/or the next (Proverbs 8:18 "enduring riches;" Ecclesiastes 9:11). These (e.g. Psalm 112:1) are those who have their treasure (heart) in heaven (Psalm 73:25). ^
  30. Colossians 3:1-2 ^
  31. aplouv (haplous) - "good" - only found also in Luke 11:34. LXX has it in Proverbs 11:25 for "generous" (NKJV). Words akin to this are the adverb aplwv (haplôs) found only in James 1:5 (NKJV "liberally") and the noun aplothv (hapolotês) found in Romans 12:8; 2 Corinthians 8:2; 9:11 (NKJV "liberality"), 13 (NKJV "liberal"); 11:3 (NKJV "simplicity"); Ephesians 6:5; Colossians 3:22 (NKJV "sincerity"). For a good eye, see Proverbs 22:9; ^
  32. Proverbs 11:23 ^
  33. ponhrov (ponêros) - "bad" - this is the typical word for evil (e.g. Matthew 5:11; 6:13; 12:35 [3x]) and is also used for physically bad (e.g. Revelation 16:2 NKJV "loathsome"). For an evil eye, see e.g. Proverbs 28:22; 30:17; Matthew 20:15; Mark 7:22; 2 Peter 2:14. ^
  34. = no light ^
  35. So great they do not know where they are going (John 12:35b; 1 John 2:11). They are mad (Eccesiastes 9:3), blind (2 Corinthians 4:4), and darkened while they live (Proverbs 4:19; Ecclesiastes 5:1 (10:15?); Romans 1:21; Ephesians 4:17-18), even blind to their end (e.g. Proverbs 7:23; 9:18; Psalm 49:10-11; Luke 16:27-28).So, Joshua speaks of the focus of one's life. See Luke 11:34-36/Proverbs 3:21; 4:21, 25; Hebrews 12:2 (bad e.g. Psalm 36:1; Proverbs 23:5 "set your eyes" i.e. focus on). ^
  36. kurioiv (kuriois) ^
  37. anyexetai (anthexetai) - "hold" - found also in Luke 16:13; 1 Thessalonians 5:14 (NKJV "uphold") and Titus 1:9 (NKJV "holding fast"). ^
  38. mamwna (mamôna) - "mammon" - Received Text mammwna (mammôna) This is the scary thing about the deceitfulness of riches (Mark 4:19). If riches are desired, God is not (see 1 Timothy 6:9-11). Yet, men think they can desire both (e.g. 1 Timothy 6:5). ^
  39. merimnate (merimnate) - "be concerned" - besides verses 27, 28, 31, and 34, found also in 10:19; Luke 10:41; 12:11, 22, 25-26; 1 Corinthians 7:32-34; 12:25; Philippians 2:20; 4:6. Noun form, merimna (merimna) is found in Matthew 13:22; Mark 4:19; Luke 8:14; 21:34; 2 Corinthians 11:28; 1 Peter 5:7.  ^
  40. Yes, but it is difficult to impossible to live without both. Yet, Joshua is telling us there are more important matters than even the basic necessities of life. ^
  41. speirousin (speirousin) - "sow" - from speirw (speirô) "I sow." ^
  42. mallon diaferete (mallon diapherete) - "more important" - mallon (mallon) is "more," and the basic idea of diaferete (diapherete) is to "carry" (from ferw, pheô) "through" (dia, dia) - found also in Matthew 10:31; 12:12 ("value"); Mark 11:16 ("to carry"); Luke 12:7, 24 ("value"); Acts 13:49 ("being spread"); 27:27 ("driven up and down"); Romans 2:18 ("excellent"); 1 Corinthians 15:41 ("differs"); Galatians 2:6 ("difference"); 4:1 ("differ"); Philippians 1:10 ("excellent") all NKJV. ^
  43. The answer to this question is "Yes" (Matthew 10:31; Luke 12:7). In other words, God feeds the birds. He most certainly will feed you. ^
  44. phcun (pêchun) - "cubit" - found also in Luke 12:25; John 21:8; Revelation 21:17. The Hebrew word for “cubit”, hM;a' ('ammâh), is used in Jeremiah 51:13 in a peculiar way. NKJV translates it “the measure” of your covetousness, dictating the word “cubit” is not limited to usage as purely a physical measurement of distance. Thus, because of this usage found in Jeremiah 51:13, Christ's context, and the usage of hlikian (êlikian, see below), thn hlikian autou phcun (tên êlikian autou pêchun) has been translated “cubit to his age.” ^
  45. hlikian (êlikian) - "age" - found also in Luke 2:52 (stature); 12:25 (stature); 19:3 (stature); John 9:21, 23 (age); Ephesians 4:13 (stature); Hebrews 11:11 (age). ^
  46. agrou (agpou) - “field” - found also only in Matthew 6:30; 13:24, 27, 31, 36, 38, 44; 19:29 (“land” w/ft “Lit. fields”); 22:5 (“farm”); 24:18, 40; 27:7, 8 (2x), 10; Mark 5:14 (“country”); 6:36 (“country”), 56 (“country”); 10:29 (“lands”), 30 (“lands” w/ft. “Lit. fields”); 11:8 (CT); 13:16; 15:21 (“country”); 16:12 (“country”); Luke 8:34 (“country”); 9:12 (“country”); 12:28; 14:18 (“piece of ground”); 15:15, 25; 17:7, 31, 36; 23:26 (“country”); Acts 4:37 (“land”). ^
  47. The last three verbs in this verse are in the singular, auxanei ou kopia oude nhyei (auxavei ou kopia oude nêthei) except in the Critical Text. There they are in the plural, auxanousi ou kopiwsin oude nhyousin (auxanousi ou kopiôsin oude nêthousin). Yet, in Luke 12:27 all the texts agree and have these verbs in the singular, even though, as here, the noun, "lilies" (krina, krina) is in the plural. ^
  48. oligopistoi (oligopistoi) - "little believers" - This is the adjective for little or small (e.g. Luke 7:47 [2x]; 1 Timothy 5:23; James 3:5b RT) together with the adjective for faith or faithful (e.g. 1 Timothy 4:3 "believe," 9 "faithful," 10 "of those who believe," 12 "believers;" 5:16; 6:2 "believing," "believers"), meaning "of little faith." ^
  49. Joshua is speaking about needs, and He tells us not to be concerned about them. ^
  50. More important than needs, is the kingdom of God and His righteousness (Job 23:12). ^
  51. Finding it yourself (Luke 13:24), continuing in it (2 Peter 1:10), and bringing it to others (Psalm 96:2-4; Proverbs 11:30), which includes both to the wicked (Colossians 4:5-6) and to the righteous (Colossians 3:16a). ^
  52. His righteousness only comes through faith in Christ (Romans 3:22), and in this, right living through His word (e.g. 2 Peter 1:5; Psalm 119:4; Proverbs 4:23; 10:4; 12:24, 27; 13:4; 21:5; 27:23-27). ^
  53. prosteyhsetai (prostethêsetai) - "add" - same word (different form) as in verse 27. The one who seeks first His kingdom and righteousness receives not only His kingdom and His righteousness, but needs are met as well. Thus, the needs are not the concern, but rather His kingdom and His right living (righteousness). ^
  54. In other words, don't be concerned about tomorrow's needs (food, clothing). "Be concerned" about God's kingdom and righteousness, and God will take care of your needs. ^
  55. kakia (kakia) - "badness" - found also in Acts 8:22 (wickedness); Romans 1:29 (maliciousness); 1 Corinthians 5:8; 14:20; Ephesians 4:31; Colossians 3:8; Titus 3:3 (malice); James 1:21 (wickedness); 1 Peter 2:1 (malice), 16 (vice), and in LXX in Ecclesiastes 7:14 (NKJV "adversity"); 12:1 (NKJV "difficult," footnote "lit. evil"); Amos 3:6 (NKJV "calamity"). See also Ephesians 5:15-16. ^
  56. Mirrored here^

10 Responses

  1. Hypocrite! First remove the beam from your eye, and then you will see clearly to remove the speck from your brother's eye." -- Hypocrites? Is He speaking to believers? Hypocrites go to hell (Matthew 24:51). He clearly is speaking to believers in Matthew 5:11-16 and immediately after this section in Matthew 7:6. Yet, 5:20; 6:23; and 7:24-27 also warns of perishing.

  2. "whoever of you does not forsake all that he has cannot be My disciple." (Luke 14:33) It ALL must already be forsaken (=given away) in your heart.

  3. And he says to them, "Why are you cowardly, little believers?" -- See footnote for Matthew 6:30. See also Psalm 46:1-3. Note the title to this Psalm. The sons of Korah (Exodus 6:24) saw the earth removed under their father (Numbers 16:26-34), but did not perish (Numbers 26:9-11). See also Psalm 112:7; Proverbs 3:25-26; Isaiah 26:3.

  4. Therefore, do not be afraid. You differ from many sparrows." -- See footnote for Matthew 6:26.

    "He who loves father or mother above me is not worthy of me. And he who loves son or daughter above me is not worthy of me. -- filwn (philôn) - "loves" - have affection for, like - found also in Matthew 6:5; 23:6; 26:48; Mark 14:44; Luke 20:46; 22:47; John 5:20; 11:3, 36; 12:25; 15:19; 16:27; 20:2; 21:15-17 [see footnote for these verses]; 1 Corinthians 16:22; Titus 3:15; Revelation 3:19; 22:15.

  5. But the boat was already in the middle of the sea, being tormented by waves, for the wind was contrary. -- basanizomenov (basanizomenos) - "tormented" - same word used in Matthew 6:48. Found also e.g. in Revelation 14:10; 20:10.

  6. “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you shut up the kingdom of the heavens from before men. For you do not enter, nor do you allow those entering to go in.” -- kleiete (kleiete) - “shut up” - found also only in Matthew 6:6; 25:10; Luke 4:25; 11:7; John 20:19, 26; Acts 5:23; 21:30; 1 John 3:17; Revelation 3:7-8; 11:6; 20:3; 21:25.

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