Daniel P. Barron

Matthew 9

Saturday, May 22, 2021 

1 And getting into the boat, he crossed over and came into his own city. 2 And behold, they brought to him a paralytic lying upon a bed. And when Joshua saw their faith, he said to the paralytic, "Be of good cheer, child, your sins have been forgiven i you."

3 And behold, some of the scribes said in themselves, "He blasphemes!" ii 4 And Joshua, perceiving iii their thoughts, said, "Why do you think evil in your hearts? 5 For what is easier to say, 'Your sins have been forgiven,' iv or to say, 'Arise and walk?' 6 But so that you might know that the son of the man has authority on earth to forgive sins" - then he said to the paralytic, "Being raised, take up your bed and go to your house." 7 And being raised, v he went to his house. 8 And when the crowds saw, they marveled, vi and glorified God, who gave such authority vii to men.

9 And going from there, Joshua saw a man called Matthew sitting at the tax office, and he said to him, "Follow me." And rising up he followed him. 10 And it was, when he was reclining viii in the house, that behold, many tax-collectors and sinners came reclining together with Joshua and his disciples. 11 And when the Pharisees saw it they said to his disciples, "Why does your teacher eat with tax-collectors and sinners?" ix

12 But when Joshua heard it, he said to them, "The ones who are healthy have no need of a doctor, but the ones having it badly. 13 But going, learn what this is, 'I desire mercy and not sacrifice.' x For I did not come to call righteous ones but sinners to repentance."

14 Then the disciples of John came to him saying, "Why do we and the Pharisees fast often, but your disciples do not fast?"

15 And Joshua said to them, "The sons of the wedding hall xi are not able to mourn as long as the bridegroom is with them, are they? xii But the day will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast. 16 But no one puts a piece of unshrunk cloth upon an old garment, for the part that fills it takes up from the garment, and it becomes a worse tear. 17 And no one puts new wine into old wine-skins, otherwise, the wineskins burst, and the wine is poured out and the wine-skins are ruined. But new wine is put into new wine-skins, and both are preserved." xiii

18 While speaking these things to them, behold, one ruler, coming, worshipped him saying, "My daughter just now came to an end. xiv But come, lay your hand upon her and she will live." 19 And rising up, Joshua and his disciples followed him.

20 And behold, a woman having a flow of blood for twelve years coming from behind, touched the edge of his garment. 21 For she was saying in herself, "If only I might touch his garment I will be saved."

22 And Joshua turned around and when he saw her he said, "Be of good cheer, daughter. Your faith has saved you." And the woman was saved from that hour.

23 And Joshua came into the ruler's house, and when he saw the flute players and the disorderly crowd, 24 he said to them, "Go away, for the girl did not die, but is sleeping." And they ridiculed him. 25 And he cast out the crowd, came in, took hold of her hand, and raised the girl up. 26 And the news of her went into that whole land.

27 And when Joshua went from there, two blind ones followed him, crying out and saying, "Have mercy on us, son of David!" 28 And when he came into the house, the blind ones came to him and Joshua said to them, "Do you believe I am able to do this?" They said to him, "Yes, Lord." 29 Then he touched their eyes, saying, "Let it be according to your faith." 30 And their eyes were opened. And Joshua sternly warned them saying, "See that you let no one know." 31 But going out, they made him known in all of that land.

32 And as they went out, behold, they brought to him a demonized mute man. 33 And when he cast out the demon, the mute spoke. And the crowds marveled saying, "It never was seen like this in Israel!" 34 But the Pharisees were saying, "By the ruler of the demons he casts out the demons."

35 And Joshua was going about all the cities and the villages teaching in their synagogues and preaching the good news of the kingdom and healing every illness and every malady xv in the people. 36 And seeing the crowds, he was moved with compassion for them, because they were troubled xvi and scattered like sheep without a shepherd. 37 Then he said to his disciples, "The harvest truly is plentiful, but those who work are few. 38 Implore, xvii therefore, of the Lord of the harvest that he might throw out workers into his harvest."

Matthew 8 - Matthew 10

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf. xviii

  1. afewntai (apheôntai) - "have been forgiven" - perfect passive. Critical Text has afientai (aphientai) - present passive, "are forgiven." ^
  2. Psalm 51:4 ^
  3. idwn (idôn) - "perceiving" - KJV; NKJV; NAS; NIV translate "knowing." This is the same exact word as is found in verse two translated "saw." ^
  4. Received Text has "you" (soi [soi]) instead of "Your" (sou [sou]). So RT reads, "forgiven you," instead of "your sins." ^
  5. egeryeiv (egertheis) - "being raised" - same exact Greek word as in verse 6 "being raised." ^
  6. Critical Text has "they were afraid." ^
  7. exousian (exousian) - "authority" - same exact word as in verse 6. See Luke 9:1 for an example of the two words used side by side, "power and authority" (dunamin [power] kai [and] exousian [authority]). For "authority to men," see John 20:23 (e.g. Acts 5:1-11). ^
  8. anakeimenou (anakeimenou) - “reclining” - NKJV “sat at the table”; KJV “sat at meat” - this word is also only found in Matthew 22:10-11 (“guests”); 26:7 (NKJV “as He sat at the table”; KJV “as he sat at meat”), 20 (NKJV; KJV “he sat down”); Majority and Received Texts, Mark 5:40 (NKJV; KJV “was lying”); Critical text Mark 6:26 (NAS “dinner guests” w/ft. “Lit., those reclining at the table”); 14:18 (NKJV; KJV “as they sat”); 16:14 (NKJV “as they sat at the table”; KJV “as they sat at meat”); Luke 22:27 (NKJV “who sits at the table”; KJV “that sittith at meat”); John 6:11 (NKJV “sitting down”; KJV “that were set down”); 12:2 (NKJV; KJV “sat at the table”); 13:23 (NKJV; KJV “leaning”; NKJV w/ft. “reclining”), 28 (NKJV; KJV “at the table”). Mark 5:40 and John 13:23 reveal the basic idea of the word – recline. ^
  9. See the false accusation in Matthew 11:19 and note Hebrews 7:26. ^
  10. See Hosea 6:6; Psalm 51:16-17. For an explanatory context, see Matthew 12:1-7. ^
  11. oi uioi tou numfwnov (oi uioi tou numphonos) - “sons of the wedding hall” - NKJV footnotes, “Lit. sons of the bridechamber.” Luke 5:34. A few manuscripts use this word in Matthew 22:10 instead of gamov (gamos), the word for marriage or wedding (see footnote in Critical Text). ^
  12. Because of the negative particle in this question, "are they" is added to complete the idea. ^
  13. Hebrews 8:7-13; Romans 10:4  ^
  14. eteleuthsen (eteleutêsen) - "came to an end" - a euphemism for "died." This word is akin to telov (telos) "end" (e.g. Matthew 10:22). ^
  15. malakian (malakian) - "malady" ^
  16. eskulmenoi (eskulmevoi) - "troubled" - used also in Mark 5:35; Luke 7:6; 8:49. Received Text has eklelumenoi (eklelumenoi) - "weary." ^
  17. dehyhte (deêthête) - "Implore" - found also in Luke 5:12; 8:28, 38; 9:38, 40; 10:2; 21:36; 22:32; Acts 4:31; 8:22, 24, 34; 10:2; 21:39; 26:3; Romans 1:10; 2 Corinthians 5:20; 8:4; 10:2; Galatians 4:2; 1 Thessalonians 3:10. ^
  18. Mirrored here^

6 Responses

  1. Philip and Bartholomew, Thomas, and Matthew the tax collector, James that of Aphaeus, and Lebbaeus who was named Thaddaeus,.. -- Is this the same man as Levi in Mark 2:13-17? Matthew 9:9-13 records a very similar event, but other than the two similar accounts, Scripture nowhere explicitly says or shows they are the same man.

  2. And Joshua summoning a child, stood him in their midst, and said, "Truly I say to you, unless you turn and become as the child, you will by no means enter into the kingdom of the heavens. -- strafhte (straphête) - "turn" - used for turn position or direction (e.g. Matthew 5:39; 7:6; 9:22), turn in the sense of physical "change" (e.g. Revelation 11:6) or spiritual change (e.g. John 12:40). Used of God turning in Acts 7:42.

  3. "Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the son of the man will be delivered to the chief priests and scribes and they will condemn him to death, and deliver him to the Gentiles to mock and to scourge and to crucify. And on the third day he will arise." -- ἀναστήσεται (anastêsetai) - “he will arise” - KJV, NKJV translate this same exact word (ἀναστήσεται) in Mark 9:31 “he will rise” and it's in the same context (the resurrection of Christ). In Matthew 9:9 in a different context the KJV, NKJV translate the same root word (ἀναστὰς), “he arose.”

  4. And the tombs were opened and many of the bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised, and coming out of the tombs after his resurrection, they entered into the holy city and appeared to many. -- κεκοιμημένων (kekoimêmenôn) - “had fallen asleep” - at times, Scripture calls death sleep. See Job 3:13; 14:12; Psalm 13:3; 76:5-7; Isaiah 14:18; Jeremiah 51:39, 57; Daniel 12:2; John 11:11-14; Acts 13:36; 1 Corinthians 11:30; 15:6, 17-20, 51-53; Ephesians 5:14; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-15; 5:9-10; 2 Peter 3:4. Interesting, Christ says, “the girl is not dead, but sleeping” in Matthew 9:18-19, 23-25 (see also Mark 5:22-24, 35-43; Luke 8:41-42, 49-56 [note vs 55 “her spirit returned” - James 2:26 “the body without the spirit is dead”). In light of these, Christ, being God, “cannot lie” (Titus 1:2). See also “never die” in John 11:26.

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