Daniel P. Barron

Romans 10

Sunday, January 30, 2022 

1 Brethren, indeed the good pleasure of my heart and the prayer which is to the God is for the Israel for salvation. 2 For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge. 3 For being ignorant of the righteousness of the God, and seeking to establish their own righteousness, they did not submit to the righteousness of the God. 4 For Christ is end i of law for righteousness to all who believe. ii

5 For Moses writes the righteousness which is from the law, that “the man who does them iii shall live in them.” iv 6 And the righteousness from faith speaks thus, “Do not say in your heart, 'Who will go up into the heaven?” That is, to bring Christ down. 7 Or, “Who will go down into the abyss.” v That is, to bring Christ from the dead. 8 But, what does it say? “The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart,” vi that is, the word of the faith which we preach.

9 That, if you confess in your mouth, Lord Joshua, and believe in your heart that the God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. 10 For in heart he believes unto righteousness, and he confesses unto salvation. vii 11 For the writing says, “Everyone who believes on him shall not be ashamed.”

12 For there is no distinction of Jew and also of Greek, for the same Lord of all is rich unto all those calling upon him. 13 For everyone who calls upon the name of Lord shall be saved.

14 How then shall they call upon him whom they did not believe? And how shall they believe on him whom they did not hear? And how shall they hear without preaching? 15 And how shall they preach if not sent? Just as it has been written, “How beautiful are the feet of those who proclaim good news, peace, who proclaim good news, the good things.” viii

16 But, not all obeyed the good news. For Isaiah says, “Lord, who believed our report?” ix 17 Therefore, the faith is from hearing, and the hearing from God's x word. 18 But I say, did they not hear? Yes indeed, “Unto all the earth their sound xi went out, and their xii words to the end of the world.”

19 But I say, did not Israel know? First Moses says, “I will provoke you to jealousy over a non-nation, xiii over a nation without understanding I will provoke you to anger.” 20 And Isaiah is bold and says, “I was found by those not seeking me. I became manifest to those not asking me.” xiv 21 But to the Israel he says, “All day long I stretched out my hands to a disobedient and gainsaying xv people.” xvi

Romans 9 - Romans 11

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdfs here and here.

  1. Τέλος (Telos) “end” - used for the “end” of something (e.g. Matthew 10:22; 24:6, 13-14; 26:58; etc.) and “custom.” (i.e. tax, e.g. Matthew 17:25; Romans 13:7) ^
  2. Christ brought the new covenant, (Jeremiah 31:31//Hebrews 8:8, 13; 9:15; 12:14; Matthew 26:28//Mark 14:24//Luke 22:20//1 Corinthians 11:5) likewise apostles, (2 Corinthians 3:6) which is “not according to the” old covenant (Hebrews 8:7-9) with “the priesthood being changed,” and thus the new covenant came with “a change of law,” (Hebrews 7:12) wherein “I will put My laws in their mind and write them on their hearts.” (Hebrews 8:10) Man's flesh could not keep the old covenant, “Because, the thinking of the flesh is hostile toward God, for it does not submit to the law of the God, for it also is unable.” (Romans 8:7 TT) It took faith to truly keep the old covenant, (Deuteronomy 6:5-6; 30:10-14/Romans 10:5-8) which the flesh does not have. (Romans 8:7) Faith is a gift which comes with salvation. (Ephesians 2:8-9) ^
  3. αὐτὰ (auta) “them” YLT (אֹתָם [otâm] "them" Leviticus 18:5); “those things.” (NKJV) ^
  4. MT, RT αὐτοῖς (autois) “them”; CT αὐτῇ (autê) “her” ^
  5. ἄβυσσον (abusson) “abyss” - found also in Luke 8:31; Revelation 9:1-2, 11; 11:7; 17:8; 20:1, 3. ^
  6. For verses 5-8 see Deuteronomy 30:11-14. ^
  7. Faith in the heart results into righteousness, and the confession of “Lord Joshua” is submission to God. ^
  8. Isaiah 52:7 ^
  9. Isaiah 53:1 – context, Isaiah 52:13-53:12, is about Christ's death and resurrection. ^
  10. CT has Χριστοῦ (Christou) “Christ” ^
  11. φθόγγος (phthongos) “sound” NKJV; “voice” YLT – found also only in 1 Corinthians 14:7 “sounds” (NKJV). Psalm 19:4 has קַוָּם (qavv) “line,” a measuring line, (e.g. Job 38:5) LXX has φθόγγος (phongos) “sound.” ^
  12. “their” = the Heavens, Psalm 19:1-4. Note vs. 3, “There is no speech nor words. Their voice is not heard.” (see NAS) ^
  13. οὐκ ἔθνει (ouk ethnei) “non-nation” - Deuteronomy 32:21 has a “non-people” לֹא־עָם. (lo'-`âm) ^
  14. Isaiah 65:1 ^
  15. ἀντιλέγοντα (antilegonta) “gainsaying” YLT, KJV; “contrary” NKJV; “obstinate” (NAS) – verb here means to speak against, thus gainsaying (= to speak against) – verb found also in Luke 2:34; 20:27; 21:15; John 19:12; Acts 4:14; 13:45; 28:19, 22; Titus 1:9; 2:9. ^
  16. Isaiah 65:1-2 ^

One Response

  1. But you shall receive power, the holy spirit coming upon you, and you shall be my witnesses in both Jerusalem and in all the Judea and Samaria, and unto last of the earth.” -- ἐσχάτου (eschatou) “last” DLNT - “end” NKJV, KJV, NAS, YLT – this same word is translated “last” e.g. in Hebrews 1:1; 2 Peter 3:3 for “last” days. Elsewhere, e.g. Matthew 12:42; Luke 11:31 “ends” of the earth is περάτων (peratôn) for “ends,” and same root word in Romans 10:18, πέρατα (perata), for “the ends of the world.”

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