Daniel P. Barron

Jerusalem Is God


This is a mirror of "Jerusalem Is God" by Darwin Fish.

Glorious things are spoken of you, O city of God! i

Walk about Zion, and go all around her. Count her towers; mark well her bulwarks; consider her palaces; that you may tell it to the generation following. For this is God, our God forever and ever; He will be our guide even to death. ii

When the sons of Korah wrote about Zion in Psalm 48, they were speaking of the city of Jerusalem, for that is what Zion is, the city of Jerusalem, iii as Psalm 48:2 declares, "Mount Zion on the sides of the north, the city of the great King." The city is Jerusalem.

Jerusalem is a term used for the location of the city on the earth formerly known as Jebus, iv and there is a heavenly Jerusalem as well. v It is also a term used for its inhabitants, those who sinned against the Lord, vi and is spiritually called Sodom and Egypt. vii It is also a term used in reference to both the old and new covenants. viii

Jerusalem is also the city of the great King. ix

The LORD loves the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob. x

It is the city the Lord has chosen, xi where the Lord dwells, xii where the Lord is great, xiii where His fire and furnace are, xiv where He utters His voice, xv and where He will shine forth. xvi

God has declared,

In Jerusalem shall My name be forever. xvii

Jerusalem is the "perfection of beauty," xviii the "joy of the whole earth," xix and she will be called in the future "the city of Truth." xx And, Jerusalem is called God. "For this is God, our God forever and ever." xxi

The context to this statement xxii is clearly speaking of Jerusalem, xxiii as it is written,

Walk about Zion, and go all around her. Count her towers; mark well xxiv her bulwarks; consider her palaces. xxv

The Psalmist points to the physical structures of Zion, the towers, the bulwarks, the palaces; to look at them, note xxvi them, to consider them, and then says,

That you may tell it to the generation following. xxvii

Tell what?

For this is God, our God forever and ever. xxviii

KJV reads,

For this God is our God for ever and ever.

NAS reads,

For such is God, Our God forever and ever.

The LXX reads,

ὅτι οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ θεὸς ὁ θεὸς ἡμῶν . . . . xxix

For this is God our God . . . .

In Psalm 48 the sons of Korah speak in the present, pointing to Zion as being God Himself. For the future, Scripture says of Jerusalem that her walls will be called "Salvation" and her gates "Praise." xxx Jerusalem will be called the "Throne of the Lord."

At that time, Jerusalem shall be called The Throne of the Lord, and all the nations shall be gathered to it, to the name of the Lord, to Jerusalem. xxxi

Here in Jeremiah 3:17 Jerusalem and "the name of the Lord" are synonyms. In other words, the name of the Lord will be Jerusalem, as the city is later called, "The Lord our righteousness."

"Behold, the days are coming," says the Lord, "that I will perform that good thing which I have promised to the house of Israel and to the house of Judah:
In those days and at that time
I will cause to grow up to David
A Branch of righteousness;
He shall execute judgment and righteousness in the earth.
In those days Judah will be saved,
And Jerusalem will dwell safely.
And this is the name by which she will be called:

The future Jerusalem is here called "The Lord our righteousness."

Some may argue against this stating that "The Lord our righteousness" refers to the Branch not Jerusalem, because of similar words found in Jeremiah 23:5-6.

"Behold, the days are coming," says the Lord,
"That I will raise to David a Branch of righteousness;
A King shall reign and prosper,
And execute judgment and righteousness in the earth.
In His days Judah will be saved,
And Israel will dwell safely;
Now this is His name by which He will be called:

Indeed, Jeremiah 23:5 calls the Branch "The Lord our righteousness," but this should not blind the reader to what is further revealed in Jeremiah 33. Note the differences of the two passages: Jeremiah 23 continues with the main subject of the Branch all the way through verse 6 with "In His days" and "His name." Jeremiah 33 does not do this. In Jeremiah 33:16 instead of saying "In His days" it says "In those days" and uses the opposite gender "she" instead of "His" when referencing the name. Also, the nearest feminine antecedent for "she" in Jeremiah 33:16 is Jerusalem. xxxiii The "Branch" in Jeremiah 33:15 is "He" not "she," and therefore the name "The Lord our righteousness" is a reference to Jerusalem. But, of course, if Jerusalem is God and the Branch is God, both being "The Lord our righteousness," then it is all one and the same, but yet different. xxxiv

Also found in Jeremiah is this statement:

You who have escaped the sword, get away! Do not stand still! Remember the Lord afar off, and let Jerusalem come to your mind. xxxv

Why xxxvi let Jerusalem come to mind? Because letting Jerusalem come to mind is remembering the Lord, as Psalm 137 illustrates.

If I forget you, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget its skill! If I do not remember you, let my tongue cling to the roof of my mouth - if I do not exalt Jerusalem above my chief joy. xxxvii

Here the Psalmist exalts Jerusalem above his chief joy and pronounces a curse upon himself if he does not remember Jerusalem and exalt her. Exalting Jerusalem above his chief joy is idolatry, if Jerusalem is not God. It would be exalting Jerusalem above God. As it is written,

Then I will go to the altar of God, to God my exceeding joy; and on the harp I will praise You, O God, my God. xxxviii

David wrote,

The king shall have joy in Your strength, O LORD; And in Your salvation how greatly shall he rejoice! xxxix


For You have made him most blessed forever; You have made him exceedingly glad with Your presence. xl

Jerusalem is to be exalted above this? No, she's exalted in this, "For this is God."

In light of the above, Daniel's practice of praying with his windows open toward Jerusalem is quite interesting. Psalm 137 is the very context in which Daniel lived.

Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went home. And in his upper room, with his windows open toward Jerusalem, he knelt down on his knees three times that day, and prayed and gave thanks before his God, as was his custom since early days. xli

Moreover, there is a blessing for those who love Jerusalem.

Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: "May they prosper who love you." xlii

And there is a curse upon those who hate her.

Let all those who hate Zion be put to shame and turned back. Let them be as the grass on the housetops, which withers before it grows up, with which the reaper does not fill his hand, nor he who binds sheaves, his arms. Neither let those who pass by them say, "The blessing of the Lord be upon you; we bless you in the name of the Lord!" xliii

Finally, Psalm 102 says,

You will arise and have mercy on Zion; For the time to favor her, Yes, the set time, has come.
For Your servants take pleasure in her stones, and show favor to her dust.

For more on God, see He Is Holy Gods, The Lord Is A Man, God Is Love, The Lord Kills, The Seven Spirits of God Are God, The Throne, Heaven, and the Kingdom Are God, and The True Fear of God, points X and XI.

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  1. Psalm 87:3 ^
  2. Psalm 48:12-14 ^
  3. 2 Samuel 5:6-7/1 Chronicles 11:4-5; 1 Kings 8:1 ^
  4. e.g. Joshua 18:28; Judges 19:10 ^
  5. Galatians 4:26; Hebrews 12:22 ^
  6. e.g. Jeremiah 4:14; 8:5; Lamentations 1:8 ^
  7. Revelation 11:8 ^
  8. Galatians 4:24-25 ^
  9. Matthew 5:35 ^
  10. Psalm 87:2 ^
  11. Psalm 132:13; Zechariah 3:2 ^
  12. e.g. Psalm 9:11; 76:2; 135:21 ^
  13. Psalm 99:2 ^
  14. Isaiah 31:9; see also Isaiah 33:14; Hebrews 12:29 ^
  15. Amos 1:2; Joel 3:16; Micah 4:2 ^
  16. Psalm 50:2 ^
  17. 2 Chronicles 33:4; see also verse 7 and Isaiah 18:7 ^
  18. Psalm 50:2; Lamentations 2:15 ^
  19. Psalm 48:2; Lamentations 2:15 ^
  20. Zechariah 8:3 ^
  21. Psalm 48:14 ^
  22. "this is God^
  23. Zion ^
  24. "Mark well her bulwarks" is more literally, "Set your heart to her bulwarks." The Hebrew reads,

    שִׁ֤יתוּ לִבְּכֶ֙ם ׀ לְֽחֵילָ֗ה (siytu libkhem ׀ lechêylâh)

    LXX reads,

    θέσθε τὰς καρδίας ὑμῶν εἰς τὴν δύναμιν αὐτῆς . . . . (thesthe tas kardias humon eis tên dunamin autês)

    Set your heart unto her power . . . . (LXX Psalm 47:14)


  25. Psalm 48:12-13 ^
  26. mark ^
  27. Psalm 48:13 ^
  28. כִּ֤י זֶ֙ה ׀ אֱלֹהִ֣ים Kiy zeh elohim, For this is God

    Some may argue over the Hebrew concerning the paseq (the vertical line) between "this" (זֶ֙ה zeh) and "God" (אֱלֹהִ֣ים Elohiym) in Psalm 48:14. (H15)

    כִּ֤י זֶ֙ה ׀ אֱלֹהִ֣ים (kiy zeh ׀ elohim) For this ׀ is God. (Psalm 48:15 in the Hebrew)

    They might argue that there is a separation of thought between the two words. But, the verse just prior to this well illustrates a paseq does not necessarily mandate a serparation of ideas or flow of thought.

    Verse 13, (H14) the verse just prior to verse 14, (H15) has a paseq (vertical line) in the Hebrew between "your heart" (לִבְּכֶ֙ם [libkhem]) and "to her bulwarks." (לְֽחֵילָ֗ה [lechêylâh]). See above footnote. Yet clearly, there is no break up or separation of thought. It all flows together, "Set your heart to her bulwarks."

    Likewise, verse 11 (H12) illustrates this as well.

    יִשְׂמַ֤ח ׀ הַר־צִיּ֗וֹן (yismach ׀ har tsiyyon)

    Let Mount Zion ׀ rejoice (Psalm 48:11, H12)

    The history of the paseq is uncertain. One writer who researched extensively on the paseq wrote,

    The term paseq signifies 'separating' or 'separator,' and pasiyq means 'separated.' Both are inappropriate designations applied by later Jews in ignorance of the origin and true function of the sign, which, though placed between words, was not always intended to mark a separation. (p. 2, The Note-Line In Biblical Hebrew Commonly Called Paseq or Pasiq, by James Kennedy, Edinburgh, T & T Clark, 1903, underlining added)

    "Not always intended to mark a separation" is well illustrated again in the first occurance of paseq in the Hebrew Bible, Genesis 1:5.

    וַיִּקְרָ֙א אֱלֹהִ֤ים ׀ לָאוֹר֙ י֔וֹם (vayyiqrâ' elohiym ׀ lâ'or yom)

    And God called ׀ the light day, . . . (Genesis 1:5)

    The uncertainty of the paseq is illustrated in Emmanuel Tov's book, Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible. He wrote that the "paseq" was "a sign denoting a slight pause," and then speaking of the accentuation which includes the paseq he wrote,

    . . . the accentuation was probably intended to indicate the melodic pattern of the reading, although according to some scholars, its primary function was exegetical-syntactic." (Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible, p. 68)


  29. hoti houtos estiv ho theos ho theos hêmon ^
  30. Isaiah 60:18; for context see verse 14 ^
  31. Jeremiah 3:17; see also Psalm 93:2; Daniel 7:9; Matthew 5:34; 23:22; Revelation 4:5 ^
  32. Jeremiah 33:14-16 ^
  33. see e.g. Isaiah 65:18 for a feminine reference to Jerusalem ^
  34. as John 1:1; 14:8-9, 28

    Note also regarding the female gender for God, that Christ is the wisdom of God, (1 Corinthians 1:24) and yet wisdom is found in the female gender in Proverbs. (e.g. 1:20-21; 8:1-2; 9:1-3). ^

  35. Jeremiah 51:50; see also Jeremiah 31:6 ^
  36. in parallel thought with "Remember the Lord^
  37. Psalm 137:5-6 ^
  38. Psalm 43:4; see also Psalm 5:11; Jeremiah 15:16 ^
  39. Psalm 21:1 ^
  40. Psalm 21:6 ^
  41. Daniel 6:10 ^
  42. Psalm 122:6 ^
  43. Psalm 129:5-8 ^
  44. Psalm 102:13-14 ^

9 Responses

  1. [...] "God exists in three co-equal, co-eternal persons, God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit." God is also love, seven spirits, a city, a man, horses, three men, the throne, heaven, and the kingdom of God. [...]

  2. [...] We believe the city of Jerusalem is God (Psalm 48:12-14). [...]

  3. [...] God is: a man, the city of Jerusalem, the seven spirits of God, the kingdom of God and its throne, the three men who visited Abram, the horses of Zechariah, wisdom (which is feminine). God creates evil and sends deception. [...]

  4. [...] "The son was given power to be god by the father in heaven which has more power than Jesus. I have seen both of their faces, and they are different." Well the city of Jerusalem is also God, and that probably looks different too. [...]

  5. [...] Jesus is in heaven. He was created? God didn't have a Throne, before Genesis 1:1? You need to read that verse in Revelation. The Father's Throne is Jesus' Throne. Since you are on this theme, maybe you didn't notice, but we worship Jerusalem. Jerusalem indeed was created, but has also has always been. "For this is God." [...]

  6. [...] "What are the names of these gods?" There are many names: Wisdom, Jerusalem, the Word of God, Jealous, I Am, Yevah, Joshua Christ.. [...]

  7. [...] "No. That's not what scripture says. God is a Spirit. And he is not a man. Repent of your heresy." He is spirit and man. He is also a city! [...]

  8. [...] "Who created god? Something can't come from nothing." He is from everlasting. But He also creates Himself. For example: He is Jerusalem; He is heaven. [...]