Daniel P. Barron

Judges 10

Sunday, March 21, 2021 

1 And after Abimelech, Tola, son of Puah i son of Dodo ii a man of Issachar, arose to save Israel, and he dwelt in Shamir on mount Ephraim. 2 And he judged Israel twenty three years, and he died and was buried in Shamir. 3 And after him arose Jair the Gileadite, and he judged Israel twenty two years. 4 And he had thirty sons who rode on thirty donkeys, and they had thirty cities. They have called them village iii of Jair to this day which are in the land of Gilead. 5 And Jair died and was buried in Kamon. iv

6 And sons of Israel again did the bad in eyes of Yehvah, and they served the Baals, and the Ashtaroths, and gods of Aram, v and gods of Sidon, and gods of Moab, and gods of sons of Ammon, and gods of Philistines. And they forsook Yehvah and did not serve him. 7 And anger of Yehvah was hot against Israel, and he sold them into hand of Philistines and into hand of sons of Ammon. 8 And they shattered vi and crushed vii sons of Israel in that year, for eighteen years all sons of Israel who were beyond the Jordan in the land of the Amorite which is in the Gilead.

9 And sons of Ammon crossed over the Jordan to fight also against Judah and against Benjamin and against house of Ephraim. And it was very distressing to Israel. 10 And sons of Israel cried out to Yehvah saying, “We have sinned against you, even because we have forsaken our Gods and served the Baals.” 11 And Yehvah said to sons of Israel, “Not from Egyptians, and from the Amorite, and from sons of Ammon, and from Philistines? 12 And Sidonians, and Amalek, and Maon, they oppressed you and you cried out to me, and I saved you from their hand. 13 And you have forsaken me and served other gods. Therefore, I am not again to save you. 14 Go and cry out to the gods you have chosen. Let them save you in time of your distress.”

15 And sons of Israel said to Yehvah, “We have sinned. You do to us according to all the good in your eyes. Only, deliver us, please, this day.” 16 And they put away the gods of the foreigner viii from their midst and served Yehvah. And his soul was short ix in Israel's trouble. 17 And sons of Ammon were called together x and encamped against Gilead. And sons of Israel did also and encamped in the Mizpah. 18 And the people, leaders of Gilead, said to each his neighbor, “Who is the man who will begin to fight against sons of Ammon. He will be for a head for all inhabitants of Gilead.”

Judges 9 - Judges 11

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf.

  1. פּוּאָה (pu'âh) “Puah” - found also in 1 Chronicles 7:1. There is also “Puah” (spelled slightly differently, פּוּעָה [pu`âh]) in Exodus 1:15. There is also פֻוָה (puvâh), see Numbers 26:23. ^
  2. דּוֹדוֹ (dodo) “Dodo” = either “his uncle” (e.g. 1 Samuel 10:16) or his “beloved” (e.g. Song of Songs 1:13) - found also in 2 Samuel 23:9, 24; 1 Chronicles 11:12, 26. ^
  3. חַוֹּת (chavvot) - “village” - this is the same word for “Eve” (Genesis 3:20; 4:1). See footnote for Numbers 32:41. ^
  4. קָמוֹן (Qâmon) “Kamon” NAS; “Camon” NKJV, KJV – only here. ^
  5. אֲרָם (arâm) “Aram” YLT, NAS; “Syria” NKJV, KJV – see footnote for Genesis 10:22. ^
  6. יִּרְעֲצוּ (yir`atsu) “shattered” CSB, EHV, NIV, TLV; “harassed” NKJV; “afflicted” NAS; “vexed” KJV – found also only in Exodus 15:6 (“dashed . . . in pieces” NKJV; “shatters” NAS). ^
  7. יְרֹצְצוּ (yerotstsu) “crushed” CSB, NAS; “oppressed” NKJV, KJV – same word for “crushed” NKJV in Judges 9:53. ^
  8. אֱלֹהֵי הַנֵּכָר ('elohay hannêkâr) “gods of the foreigner” - Green “the gods of the alien”; YLT “the gods of the stranger”; “foreign gods” NKJV, NAS; “strange gods” KJV. This phrase is also found in Genesis 35:2, 4; Joshua 24:23; 1 Samuel 7:3; 2 Chronicles 33:15. ^
  9. תִּקִצַר (tiqtsar) “was short” - NKJV “could no longer endure”; NAS “could bear” NAS; KJV “was grieved” - same word e.g. in Numbers 11:23 “been shortened” (NKJV), translated “impatient” (NKJV, NAS) in Job 21:4. ^
  10. יִּצֳּעֲקוּ (yitsâ`aqu) “were called together” Green; “are called together” YLT; “gathered together” NKJV, KJV, NAS – same root word (but here passive, Niphil) in Judges 10:12 for “cried out.” ^

2 Responses

  1. And they forsook Yehvah and served to the Baal and to the Ashtaroth. -- ת רי תל נַש ה ע`) ashttârot) – “Ashtaroth” NAS, KJV, YLT - “Ashtoreths” NKJV; LXX Ἀστάρταις (Astartais) - see footnote for Deuteronomy 1:4. נתלרכרתַהש ע`) ashttârot) - “Ashtaroth” - feminine plural term found also for a location in Joshua 9:10; 12:4; 13:12, 31; 1 Chronicles 6:71(H56). There is also “Ashteroth Karnaim” יים הי נ נַר ה ק ת רכת נַת נַש ה ע`) ashterot qarnayim) in Genesis 14:5. This is also the name of an idol (or idols) in Judges 2:13; 10:6; 1 Samuel 7:3, 4; 12:10; 31:10, in the feminine singular ת ס ר תכי נַש ה ע (`ashtoret) “Ashtoreth” 1 Kings 11:5, 33; 2 Kings 23:13. There is also an י י תי רל נַת נַש עש`) ashterâtiy) “Ashterathite” in 1 Chronicles 11:44. Also, this term is used for “young” (or “offspring” NKJV) of a flock in Deuteronomy 7:13; 28:4, 18, 51.

  2. And the man called the name of his woman Eve, because she is the mother of all living. -- This same exact word for “Eve”, hW:j' (Havvah), is used for “tent-village” (BDB) in Numbers 32:41(2x, NKJV “small towns,” “Havoth”); Deuteronomy 3:14; 1 Kings 4:13; 1 Chronicles 2:23, also called “cities” (NKJV) in Joshua 13:30 (יר א עי [`iyr] Hebrew singular “city”) “cities” in Judges 10:4 (ים י רי הּי דֹע`] ayâriym] Hebrew plural "cities") and later called “large cities." עּה רי ו ים גִמ דָנלו ות (âriym gedolot) in 1 Kings 4:13.

Leave a Reply

Your criticism is welcome. Your name and website are optional. Some HTML tags are allowed.