Daniel P. Barron

1 Samuel 10

Saturday, March 6, 2021 

1 And Samuel took the flask of the oil and poured upon his head and kissed him and said, “Is it not because Yehvah has anointed you over his inheritance for a ruler? 2 In your going from me today, so you will find two men by the grave of Rachel in the border of Benjamin in Zelzah, and they will say to you, 'We found the donkeys that you went to seek. And behold, your father has left the matters of the donkeys and is anxious for you, i saying, “What shall I do for my son?”'”

3 “And you will pass on from there and onward and go unto the terebinth tree of Tabor. And three men going up to the Gods, House of God, will find you there, one carrying three kids, and one carrying three loaves of bread, and one carrying a skin of wine. 4 And they will ask you how you are doing ii and will give you two bread, and you shall take from their hand. 5 Afterwards, you shall go to the hill of the Gods where there are Philistine garrisons. And it shall be, as your coming in there of the city, so you shall meet a group of prophets going down from the high place, and before them a harp, iii and tambourine, and flute, and lyre. iv And they shall be prophesying. 6 And Yehvah's spirit will rush v upon you, and you shall prophesy with them. And you will be turned into another man. 7 And it shall be, when these signs come to you, do for yourself what you find in your hand, for the Gods are with you.” vi

8 “And you shall go down before me to the Gilgal, and behold, I will come down to you to offer up a burnt offering to sacrifice sacrifices of peace. Seven days you shall wait for my coming to you. And I will make known to you what you shall do.” 9 And it was, as he turned his shoulder to go from with Samuel, so Gods, he turned over to him another heart. And all these signs came on that day. 10 And they came there to the Hill, and behold, a group of prophets to meet him. And Gods' spirit rushed upon him, and he prophesied in their midst.

11 And it was, everyone who knew him from time past vii and saw, and behold, prophesying with prophets, so the people said each to his neighbor, “What is this that has happened to Kish's son? Is Saul also among the prophets?” viii 12 And a man from there answered and said, “And who is their father?” Therefore, it was for a proverb, “Is Saul also among the prophets?” 13 And he finished from prophesying, and went to the high place.

14 And Saul's uncle said to him and to his boy, “Where did you go?” And he said, “To seek the female donkeys, and we saw that they were not. And we went to Samuel.” 15 And Saul's uncle said, “Tell me, please, what did Samuel say to you?” 16 And Saul said to his uncle, “Declaring, he declared to us that the female donkeys were found.” And the matter of the kingship ix he did not declare to him what Samuel said.

17 And Samuel called the people together to Yehvah to the Lookout. 18 And he said to sons of Israel, “Thus said Yehvah, Gods of Israel, 'I brought Israel up from Egypt and delivered you from the hand of Egypt and from the hand of all the kingdoms who oppressed you. 19 And you today have rejected your Gods, he who saved you from all your bad things and your distresses. And you have said to him that, “You should set over us a king.” And now, stand before Yehvah by your tribes and by your thousands.'”

20 And Samuel brought near all tribes of Israel, and tribe of Benjamin was caught. x 21 And he brought near tribe of Benjamin according to his family, xi and the Matri xii family was caught. And Saul, son of Kish, was caught. And they sought him, and he was not found. 22 And they asked further in Yehvah, “Has the man come here yet?” And Yehvah said, “Behold, he is hiding by the vessels.” xiii 23 And they ran and took him from there. And he stood in the midst of the people, and he was taller than all the people from his shoulder and upwards.24 And Samuel said to all the people, “Do you see him whom Yehvah has chosen? For there is none like him in all the people.” And all the people shouted and said, “May the king live!”

25 And Samuel spoke to the people the judgment of the kingship and wrote in the book and set it before Yehvah. And Samuel sent all the people each to his house. 26 And Saul also went to his house at Hill, and the valiant, whom Gods, he touched in their heart, went with him. 27 And sons of Belial said, “What, this one will save us?” And they despised him and did not bring to him a gift. And he was as one deaf. xiv

1 Samuel 9 - 1 Samuel 11

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf.

  1. כןםּל) lâkhem) “for you” - plural “you” ^
  2. לום ואּש לר) leshâlom) “how you are doing” - more literally, “to peace” - see footnote for Genesis 43:27. ^
  3. ל בן נל) nêvel) “harp” NAS; “psaltery” KJV, YLT (“psaltery” is from LXX ψαλτήριον [psaltêrion, not found in this passage, but used for ל בן נל) nêvel) in e.g. Psalm 56:8(H9, LXX9), etc.]); “stringed instrument” NKJV – ל בן נל) nêvel) used for a ten stringed instrument in Psalm 33:2; 144:9. This same exact word is also used for a “skin” of wine (e.g. 1 Samuel 1:24; 10:3; etc.). ^
  4. כינור) khinnor) “lyre” - “a stringed instrument like a small U-shaped harp with strings fixed to a crossbar” (Oxford) ^
  5. ה ואּח לר ואּצ) tsâlchâh) “rush” - see Judges 14:6 and footnote. ^
  6. ך ואּמ עי ים להי אל ואּה) hâ'elohiym `immâkh) “the Gods are with you” - the copula “are” is understood/implied, thus it could also be translated “is.” ^
  7. שום לר שי מול תר אי מל) mê'ittemdol shilshom) “before” - see Genesis 31:2 footnote. ^
  8. Same question in 1 Samuel 19:24 (19:9-24). ^
  9. ה ואּלוכ מר) melukhâh) “kingship” CSB, etc.; “kingdom” YLT, NKJV, KJV, NAS - “kingdom” is ה ואּכ ואּל מר ת מ) mamlâkhâh) e.g. 1 Samuel 10:18; 13:13-14; 28:17. ^
  10. ד כל ואּייל) yillâkhêd) “caught” - see Joshua 7:14 and footnote. ^
  11. Kethib מי שר פ ת חר תּוא ו (“mishpachtâv) "his family"; qere מי שר פר חתתּוא יו (mishpechotâyv) ^
  12. ריי מ) matri) “Matri” - only here. ^
  13. ים לי כל) kêliym) “vessels” YLT; “equipment” NKJV; “baggage” NAS; “stuff” KJV – plural form, not a specific term. ^
  14. ש רי חב ת מ כר) kemachariysh) “as one deaf” YLT, DARBY; “he kept silent” NAS; “he held his peace” NKJV, KJV – here is the verb form. The related adjective form for “deaf” is ש רל חל) chêrêsh) e.g. Exodus 4:11; Leviticus 19:14. ^

7 Responses

  1. And the people said to Samuel, “Who is the one who said, 'Saul shall reign over us?' Give up the men and we will kill them.” -- 1 Samuel 10:27

  2. And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. You did not keep Yehvah your Gods' commandment that he commanded you. For now Yehvah would have established your kingdom to Israel forever. -- 1 Samuel 10:8

  3. Please tell your servants before you to seek a man knowing how to play on the lyre. And it shall be, when the bad spirit of Gods is upon you, he shall play with his hand, and you will be well.” -- See footnote for 1 Samuel 10:5.

  4. And a man was there from Saul's servants on that day detained before Yehvah, and his name was Doeg the Edomite, the chief of the shepherds that were Saul's. -- ג ד) do'êg) “Doeg” - found also in 1 Samuel 22:9, 18 & 22 (דוילג] doyêg]); Psalm 52:1. Same root word as “anxious” in 1 Samuel 9:5 & 10:2. Same exact word as “worried” (CSB) in Jeremiah 38:19 (NKJV “afraid”).

  5. I indeed immerse you in water unto repentance. But one who comes after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will immerse you in the Holy Spirit.. -- “immerse you in the Holy Spirit” - see John 7:37-39; 14:16-18, 25-26; 16:7-15; Acts 2; 8:14-17; 10:44-46; 11:15-16; Romans 8:9-17; 1 Corinthians 12:13 (see also Numbers 11:16-29; 24:2; 27:18; 1 Samuel 10:5-6; 11:6; 16:13-14; 1 Chronicles 12:18; Job 34:14; Psalm 51:11; 139:7; Daniel 4:9, 18; Isaiah 63:11).

  6. And after Abimelech, Tola, son of Puah son of Dodo a man of Issachar, arose to save Israel, and he dwelt in Shamir on mount Ephraim. -- דּוֹדוֹ (dodo) “Dodo” = either “his uncle” (e.g. 1 Samuel 10:16) or his “beloved” (e.g. Song of Songs 1:13) - found also in 2 Samuel 23:9, 24; 1 Chronicles 11:12, 26.

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