Daniel P. Barron

Judges 2

Tuesday, March 30, 2021 

1 And messenger i of Yehvah went up from the Gilgal to the Weeping ii and said, “I brought you up from Egypt and brought you to the land that I swore to your fathers and said, 'I will not break my covenant with you. 2 And you shall not cut a covenant with the inhabitants of this land. Their altars you shall tear down.' And you did not listen to my voice. What iii is this you have done?' 3 So also, I said, 'I will not drive them out from before you. And they will be to you for sides, iv and their Gods will be to for a snare.'”

4 And it was, when messenger of Yehvah spoke these words to all sons of Israel, so the people lifted up their voice and wept. 5 And they called the name of that place Weeping, v and they sacrificed there to Yehvah. 6 And Joshua sent the people away, and sons of Israel went, each to his inheritance to possess the land.

7 And the people served Yehvah all days of Joshua and all the days of the elders who prolonged days after Joshua, who saw all the great work that Yehvah did for Israel. 8 And Joshua, son of Nun, servant of Yehvah, died, a son of one hundred and ten years. 9 And they buried him in border of his inheritance in Timnath Heres vi in mountain of Ephriam north of mount Gaash. 10 And also, all that generation was gathered to their fathers, and a new generation arose after them who did not know Yehvah nor the work which he did for Israel.

11 And sons of Israel did the bad in eyes of Yehvah, and served the Baals. vii 12 And they forsook Yehvah, Gods of their fathers, the one who brought them out from land of Egypt, and they went after other gods, from gods of the peoples who were around them. And they bowed down to them, and provoked Yehvah. 13 And they forsook Yehvah and served to the Baal and to the Ashtaroth. viii

14 And anger of Yehvah burned against Israel, and he gave them into hand of plunderers, and they plundered them. And he sold them into hand of their enemies round about. And they were no longer able to stand before their enemies. 15 Whenever they went out, hand of Yehvah was against them for bad, just as Yehvah spoke, and just as Yehvah swore to them. And he ix was very distressing to them.

16 And Yehvah raised up judges, and they saved them from those who plundered them. 17 And also, to their judges they did not listen, for they played the prostitute after other gods, and bowed down to them. They turned quickly from the way their fathers walked – to hear commandments of Yehvah. They did not do so.

18 And when Yehvah raised up judges for them, so Yehvah was with the judge. And he saved them from hand of their enemies all the days of the judge, for Yehvah was moved to compassion from their groaning, because of their oppressors and their afflictors. x 19 And it was, in the death of the judge, they turned and were more corrupt than their fathers, to go after other gods, to serve them and bow down to them. They did not cease xi from their deeds and from their stubborn xii way.

20 And anger of Yehvah burned against Israel, and he said, “Because this nation has passed over my covenant that I commanded their fathers and have not listened to my voice, 21 I also shall no longer dispossess any from before them from the nations that Joshua left and died; xiii 22 in order to test Israel in them, whether they are keepers of way of Yehvah, to walk in them just as their fathers kept, or not.” 23 So Yehvah gave those nations rest xiv without dispossessing them quickly, and did not give them into hand of Joshua.

Judges 1 - Judges 3

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdfs here and here.

  1. See footnotes for Genesis 16:7. Ja'l]m' (mal'akh) - "messenger" - this word means "messenger" (e.g. 2 Samuel 11:19, 22-23, 25), and is used for a heavenly messenger, an "angel" (e.g. Genesis 21:17). The Greek word for messenger is aggelov (angelos) and is also used for both a earthy human "messenger" or a heavenly messenger, an "angel" as well (e.g. Matthew 1:20; Luke 7:24). Some heavenly messengers, angels, are created beings (Psalm 148:1-5; Romans 8:38-39; Colossians 1:16). The messenger of the Lord is often the Lord Himself, as here in Genesis 16:10, 13. See also Genesis 22:11-12; Exodus 3:2-6; Numbers 22:32, 35; 23:4-5; Judges 2:1-5; 6:11, 14, 16, 20-23; Judges 13:3, 6, 9-11, 16-22. ^
  2. ם בככי) bochiym) “Weeping” - NKJV, etc. “Bochim” - same word e.g. in Numbers 25:6 “weeping” (NKJV); Ezra 3:12 “wept”; Job 30:31 “weep” ^
  3. ה מ) mah) “What” NAS, YLT - “Why” NKJV, KJV ^
  4. ים דיי צי) tsiddiym) “sides” - NKJV, NAS, KJV “thorns in your side”; YLT “adversaries” - this is similar to e.g. Numbers 33:55 (“thorns in your sides”) without the “thorns,” or Joshua 23:13 (“scourge in you sides”) without the “scourge.” ^
  5. ם בככי) bochiym) “Weeping”- NKJV, etc. “Bochim” - same word as above. ^
  6. ס סרר הת־ח ננַתימ) timnat-heres) “Timnath Heres” - only here ^
  7. ם ליי על נַב) be`âliym) “Baals” - see Baal in Appendix. ^
  8. ת רי תל נַש ה ע`) ashttârot) – “Ashtaroth” NAS, KJV, YLT - “Ashtoreths” NKJV; LXX Ἀστάρταις (Astartais) - see footnote for Deuteronomy 1:4. נתלרכרתַהש ע`) ashttârot) - “Ashtaroth” - feminine plural term found also for a location in Joshua 9:10; 12:4; 13:12, 31; 1 Chronicles 6:71(H56). There is also “Ashteroth Karnaim” יים הי נ נַר ה ק ת רכת נַת נַש ה ע`) ashterot qarnayim) in Genesis 14:5. This is also the name of an idol (or idols) in Judges 2:13; 10:6; 1 Samuel 7:3, 4; 12:10; 31:10, in the feminine singular ת ס ר תכי נַש ה ע (`ashtoret) “Ashtoreth” 1 Kings 11:5, 33; 2 Kings 23:13. There is also an י י תי רל נַת נַש עש`) ashterâtiy) “Ashterathite” in 1 Chronicles 11:44. Also, this term is used for “young” (or “offspring” NKJV) of a flock in Deuteronomy 7:13; 28:4, 18, 51. ^
  9. סר צצצֶר י) yêtser) “he was distressing” - NKJV, KJV, NAS “they were . . . distressed” - this is literally “he was distressed” or “distressing,” but the “to them” ם ר ס ה לל) lâhem) indicates possession; thus “they were . . . distressed” or “it was distressing to them.” ^
  10. ם י ס יה צֶר ק דכחש) dochaqêyhem) “their afflictors” - NAS “those who . . . afflicted them”; NKJV “those who . . . harassed them”; “them that . . . vexed them”; “those th ^
  11. היפייילו) hipiylu) “cease” - more literally, “cause to fall” ^
  12. קלשליה) qâshâh) “stubborn” = hard, e.g. in Exodus 1:13 “hard” bondage, or related verb in Exodus 7:3 “I will harden Pharoah's heart.” God makes the heart hard, stubborn (Romans 9:18). ^
  13. הילמכית ו) vayyâmot) “and died” literally – in other words, “when he died” NKJV, KJV, NAS, YLT, etc. ^
  14. ח הנ י) yannach) “gave . . . rest” - NKJV, KJV “left”; NAS “allowed . . . to remain” - from the same root as Noach's name, rest (see footnote for Genesis 5:29). ^

2 Responses

  1. And the Amorite was determined to dwell in mount Heres, in Aijalon and in Shaalbim. And the hand of house of Joseph was heavy, and they were put to forced labor. -- ס ורֹק ח) cheres) “Heres” is another word for the “Sun” found in Judges 8:13 (KJV “sun”; NKJV, NAS “Heres”); 14:18; Job 9:7, “itch” in Deuteronomy 28:27, and as a location also in Judges 2:9.

  2. And it was, just as Gideon died, so sons of Israel turned and played the prostitute after the Baals. And they set up for themselves Covenant Baal for Gods. -- ת י רי בנ ל עי בי) ba`al beriyt) “Covenant Baal” - EHV “Baal of the Covenant “; GNT “Baal-of-the-Covenant”; NKJV, etc. “Baal-Berith” - ת י רי בנ) beriyt) = “covenant” (e.g. Judges 2:1-2, 20).

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