Daniel P. Barron

Numbers 1

Saturday, May 14, 2022 

Numbers i

In the Wilderness ii

1 And Yehvah spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai in the tent of meeting on the first of the second month in the second year from going out from the land of Egypt saying, 2 “Lift up a head iii of all the congregation of the sons of Israel to their families to the house of their fathers in a number of names of every male to their skulls. iv 3 From a son of twenty years and up, everyone who goes out to war v in Israel. You shall number them according to their armies, you and Aaron. 4 And with you there shall be each man to the tribe, each head who is to the house of his fathers. vi 5 And these are the names of the men who will stand with you: to Reuben, Elizur, vii son of Shedeur; viii 6 to Simeon, Shelumiel, ix son of Zurishaddai; x 7 to Judah, Nahshon, son of Amminadab; 8 to Issachar, Nethanel, xi son of Zuar; xii 9 to Zebulun, Eliab, xiii son of Helon; xiv 10 to the sons of Joseph, to Ephriam, Elishama, xv son of Ammihud; xvi to Manasseh, Gamaliel, xvii son of Pedahzur; xviii 11 to Benjamin, Abidan, xix son of Gideoni; xx 12 to Dan, Ahiezer, xxi son of Ammishaddai; xxii 13 to Asher, Pagiel, xxiii son of Ocran; xxiv 14 to Gad, Eliasaph, xxv son of Deuel; xxvi 15 to Naphtali, Ahira, xxvii son of Enan; xxviii 16 These are the called of the congregation, leaders of the tribes of their fathers. They are heads of thousands of Israel.” 17 And Moses and Aaron took these men who were designated in name, 18 and assembled all the congregation on the first of the second month, and they made known their genealogy xxix upon their families according to the house of their fathers in a number of names from the son of twenty years and up to their skulls. xxx 19 Just as Yehvah commanded Moses, so he numbered them in the wilderness of Sinai.


20 And the sons of Reuben, firstborn of Israel, their genealogies were according to their families according to the house of their fathers in a number of names to their skulls, xxx every male from a son of twenty years and up, everyone who goes out to war. 21 Those who were numbered according to the tribe of Reuben were forty-six thousand five hundred.


22 To the sons of Simeon, their genealogies according to their families according to the house of their fathers, those who were numbered, in a number of names to their skulls, xxx every male from a son of twenty years and up, everyone who goes out to war, 23 those who were numbered according to the tribe of Simeon were fifty-nine thousand three hundred.


24 To the sons of Gad, their genealogies according to their families according to the house of their fathers in a number of names from a son of twenty years and up, everyone who goes out to war, 25 those who were numbered according to the tribe of Gad were forty-five thousand six-hundred and fifty.


26 To the sons of Judah, their genealogies according to their families according to the house of their fathers in a number of names from a son of twenty and up, everyone who goes out to war, 27 those who were numbered according to the tribe of Judah were seventy-four thousand six hundred.


28 To the sons of Issachar, their genealogies according to their families according to the house of their fathers in a number of names from a son of twenty years and up, everyone who goes out to war, 29 those who were numbered according to the tribe of Issachar were fifty-four thousand four hundred.


30 To the sons of Zebulun, their genealogies according to their families according to the house of their fathers in a number of names from a son of twenty years and up, everyone who goes out to war, 31 those who were numbered according to the tribe of Zebulun were fifty-seven thousand four hundred.


32 To the sons of Joseph, to the sons of Ephraim, their genealogies according to their families according to the house of their fathers in a number of names from a son of twenty years and up, everyone who goes out to war, 33 those who were numbered according to the tribe of Ephraim were forty thousand five hundred.


34 To the sons of Manasseh, their genealogies according to their families according to the house of their fathers in a number of names from a son of twenty years and up, everyone who goes out to war, 35 those who were numbered according to the tribe of Manasseh thirty-two thousand two hundred.


36 To the sons of Benjamin, their genealogies according to their families according to the house of their fathers in a number of names from a son of twenty years and up, everyone who goes out to war, 37 those who were numbered according to the tribe of Benjamin were thirty-five thousand four hundred.


38 To the sons of Dan, their genealogies according to their families according to the house of their fathers in a number of names from twenty years and up, everyone who goes out to war, 39 those who were numbered according to the tribe of Dan were sixty-two thousand seven hundred.


40 To the sons of Asher, their genealogies according to their families according to the house of their fathers in a number of names from a son of twenty years and up, everyone who goes out to war, 41 those who were numbered according to the tribe of Asher were forty-one thousand five hundred.


42 Sons of Naphtali, their genealogies according to their families according to the house of their fathers in a number of names from a son of twenty years and up, everyone who goes out to war, 43 those who were numbered according to the tribe of Naphtali were fifty-three thousand four hundred.


44 These are the ones who were numbered, whom Moses and Aaron and the leaders of Israel numbered, twelve men. xxxi They are each one according to the house of his fathers. 45 And they were all who were numbered of the sons of Israel according to the house of their fathers from a son of twenty years and up, everyone who goes out to war in Israel. 46 And all who were numbered were six hundred and three thousand five hundred and fifty. xxxii 47 And the Levites, according to the tribe of their fathers, were not numbered in their midst.


48 And Yehvah spoke to Moses saying, 49 “Only the tribe of Levi shall not be numbered, and their heads shall not be lifted up in the midst of the sons of Israel. 50 And you shall number the Levites upon the dwelling of the testimony, and upon all its items, and upon all that it has. They shall carry the dwelling and all its items, and they shall attend to it and camp around the dwelling. 51 And in journeying the dwelling, the Levites shall take it down and in the encampments of the dwelling the Levites shall raise it up. And the stranger who comes near shall be put to death. xxxiii 52 And the sons of Israel shall camp, each upon his camp, and each upon his banner xxxiv according to their armies. 53 And the Levites shall camp around the dwelling of the testimony and there shall not be wrath upon the congregation of the sons of Israel. And the Levites shall keep charge of the dwelling of the testimony.”


54 And the sons of Israel did according to all that Yehvah commanded Moses, thus they did. xxxv


Leviticus 27 - Numbers 2


Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf. xxxvi

  1. ΑΡΙΘΜΟΙ (ARITHMOI) - This is the Greek title (LXX) and means "Numbers." ^
  2. בְּמִדְבַּר (bemidbar) – "In the Wilderness" - This is the Hebrew title and is the fifth word in the Hebrew text. ^
  3. שְׂאוּ אֶת־רֹאשׁ (si'u 'et-ro'sh) - “Lift up a head” (lit.) - NKJV “Take a census” - This same exact phrase is used also in Numbers 26:2 where the second census of those “twenty years and up” is made after that first generation perishes. ^
  4. לְגֻלְגְּלתָם (legulgelotâm) – "to their skulls" – see footnote for Exodus 16:16. ^
  5. Note the rules of this conscription – Deuteronomy 20:1-9. ^
  6. אֲבֹתָיו ('avotâyv) – "his fathers" KJV – This is a plural noun with the 3rd singular masculine pronominal suffix. NKJV, NAS translate it as a singular noun, "his father's." ^
  7. אֱלִיצוּר ('eliytsur) – "Elizur" – meaning, "My God is Rock" – same word used e.g. in Deuteronomy 32:4 for Rock, צוּר (tsur). אֱלִיצוּר ('eliytsur) "Elizur" is found also only of this man in Numbers 2:10; 7:30, 35; 10:18. There is also the similar name, צוּרִיאֵל (tsuriy'êl) "Zuriel," meaning "My Rock is God" found in Numbers 3:35. ^
  8. שְׁדֵיאוּר (shedêy'ur) – "Shedeur" – found also only of this man in Numbers 2:10; 7:30, 35; 10:18. This name appears to mean, "breasts of a flame." שְׁדֵי (shedêy) is "breasts" in the construct form (e.g. Ezekiel 23:21) and אוּר ('ur) is flame (e.g. Isaiah 31:9 "fire" NKJV), or perhaps "Almighty is a flame." שַׁדַּי (shadday) is “Almighty.” ^
  9. שְׁלֻמִיאֵל (shelumiy'êl) – "Shelumiel" – found also only of this man in Numbers 2:12; 7:36, 41; 10:19. ^
  10. צוּרִישַׁדָּי (tsuriyshaddây) – "Zurishaddai" – found also only of this man in Numbers 2:12; 7:36, 41; 10:19. צוּרִישַׁדָּי (tsuriyshaddây) means "My Rock is Almighty." צוּרִי (tsuriy) is "My Rock" and שַׁדָּי (shaddây) is "Almighty." ^
  11. נְתַנְאֵל (nethan'êl) – "Nethanel" – meaning "God gives" or "God gave" - this same man and name is found also only in Numbers 2:5; 7:18, 23; 10:15. There is also a son of Jesse in 1 Chronicles 2:14; a priest in 1 Chronicles 15:24; a priest in Nehemiah 12:21; a son of a priest in Nehemiah 12:36; a son of Pashhur in Ezra 10:22 (same as Nehemiah 12:36?); a name of a Levite in 1 Chronicles 24:6; a Levite in 1 Chronicles 26:4; and a Levite in 2 Chronicles 35:9; and a leader under Jehoshaphat in 2 Chronicles 17:7. In the LXX this name in the Greek is Ναθαναηλ (nathanaêl) which is the same name in the NT in John 1:45-49; 21:2 ("Nathanael"). ^
  12. צוּעָר (tsu`âr) – "Zuar" - this same name and man is found also only in Numbers 2:5; 7:18, 23; 10:15. ^
  13. אֱלִיאָב ('eliy'âv) – "Eliab" – meaning "My God is father" – this same man and name is found in also in Numbers 2:7; 7:24, 29; 10:16. There is also a son of Pallu in Numbers 16:1, 12; 26:8-9; Deuteronomy 11:6; a son of Jesse in 1 Samuel 16:6-7; 17:13, 28(2x); 1 Chronicles 2:13 [1 Chronicles 27:18 reads אֱלִיהוּ ('eliy'âv) "Elihu" KJV, NKJV, NAS, and is identified as מֵאֲחֵי דָוִיד [mê'achêy dâviyd] "from the brothers of David" which makes it appear to be Eliab]; 2 Chronicles 11:18 (אֱלִיאָב ['eliy'âv] NKJV "Eliah;" KJV, NAS "Eliab"); Samuel's great grandfather in 1 Chronicles 6:27(H12) [1 Chronicles 6:34 (H19) calls him אֱלִיאֵל ('eliy'êl) "Eliel" and 1 Samuel 1:1 calls him אֱלִיהוּא ('eliyhu') "Elihu," note the geneologies]; a Gadite in 1 Chronicles 12:9; a Levite in 1 Chronicles 15:18, 20; 16:5. ^
  14. חֵלן (chêlon) – "Helon" – found also only of this man in Numbers 2:7; 7:24, 29; 10:16. ^
  15. אֱלִישָׁמָע ('eliyshâmâ) – "Elishama" meaning "God hears" or "God heard" or "My God hears [or heard]"– found of this man also in Numbers 2:18; 7:48; 53; 10:22; 1 Chronicles 7:26 . There is also a son of David in 2 Samuel 5:16; 1 Chronicles 3:6, 8; 14:7; one of the royal seed in 2 Kings 25:25; Jeremiah 41:1; a son of Jekamiah in 1 Chronicles 2:41; a priest in 2 Chronicles 17:8; a scribe in Jeremiah 36:12, 20-21. ^
  16. עַמִּיהוּד (`ammiyhud) – "Ammihud" – found of this man also in Numbers 2:18; 7:48, 53; 10:22; 1 Chronicles 7:26. There is also a Simeonite in Numbers 34:20; a Naphtalite in Numbers 34:28; a Judahite in 1 Chronicles 9:4. ^
  17. גַּמְלִיאֵל (gamliy'êl) - LXX Γαμαλιηλ (gamaliêl) – "Gamaliel" – found only of this man in the OT in Numbers 2:20; 7:54, 59; 10:23. There is also Γαμαλιηλ (gamaliêl) "Gamaliel" in Acts 5:34; 22:3. ^
  18. פְּדָהצוּר (pedâhtsur) – "Pedahzur" meaning "Rock ransomed" – found also only of this man in Numbers 2:20; 7:54, 59; 10:23. ^
  19. אֲבִידָן ('aviydân) – "Abidan" meaning "My father is judge" – found also only of this man in Numbers 2:22; 7:60, 65; 10:24. ^
  20. גִּדְעֹנִי (gid`oniy) – "Gideoni" - found also only of this man in Numbers 2:22; 7:60, 65; 10:24. ^
  21. אֲחִיעֶוֶר ('achiy`ezer) – "Ahiezer" meaning "My brother is help" – found also of this man in Numbers 2:25; 7:66, 71; 10:25. There is also one of David's men in 1 Chronicles 12:3. ^
  22. עַמִּישַׁדָּי (`ammiyshaddây) – "Ammishaddai" means (?) "my people is the Almighty" or "my people of the Almighty" - found also only of this man in Numbers 2:25; 7:66, 71; 10:25. ^
  23. פַּגְעִיאֵל (pagh`iy'êl) – "Pagiel" - found also only of this man in Numbers 2:27; 7:72, 77; 10:26. ^
  24. עָכְרָן (`âkhrân) – "Ocran" - found also only of this man in Numbers 2:27; 7:72, 77; 10:26. ^
  25. אֶלְיָסָף ('elyâsâph) – "Eliasaph" meaning "God added" - found also of this man in Numbers 2:14; 7:42, 47; 10:20. There is also the leader of the Gershonites in Numbers 3:24. ^
  26. דְּעוּאֵל (de`u'êl) – "Deuel" - found also only of this man in Numbers 7:42, 47; 10:20. He is also called רְעוּאֵל (re`u'êl) "Reuel" in Numbers 2:14 (see footnote for Genesis 36:4 for רְעוּאֵל). In the LXX these passages are all translated with ραγουηλ ragouhl (ragouêl) "Reuel." ^
  27. אֲחִירַע ('achiyra`) - "Ahira" meaning "My brother is evil" - found also only of this man in Numbers 2:29; 7:78, 83; 10:27. ^
  28. עֵינָן (`êynân) – "Enan" - found also only of this man in Numbers 2:29; 7:78, 83; 10:27. Also, name of a village in Numbers 34:9-10; Ezekiel 47:17; 48:1. ^
  29. יִּתְיַלְדוּ (yityaldu) – "they made known their genealogy" – this Hithpael form, from יָלַד (yâlad) "bear" or "beget," is only found here. ^
  30. גֻלְגְּלתָם (gulgelotâm) – "skulls" – see footnote for Exodus 16:16. ^ ^ ^
  31. In this twelve, Levi is left out and Manasseh is put in. ^
  32. Adding up the twelve numbers given in this chapter equals this sum total of six hundred and three thousand five hundred and fifty. Another census was taken in Numbers 26:1-4f, and that number is found in Numbers 26:51 (six hundred and one thousand seven hundred and thirty). All but two of the former six hundred and three thousand five hundred and fifty died in the wilderness (see Numbers 14:26-38; Deuteronomy 2:14-18; Joshua 5:2-9; Psalm 95:6-11; 1 Corinthians 10:5; Hebrews 3:16-19). ^
  33. “shall be put to death” - same idea for the same kind of reason stated also in Numbers 3:10, 38; 18:7. ^
  34. דִּגְלוֹ (dighlo) – "his banner" – this word for banner, דֶּגֶל (degel), is only found in Numbers chapters 1, 2, & 10, and Song of Solomon 2:4. The verb akin to this, דָּגַל (dâgal), is found only in Psalm 20:5 (H6, NKJV "we will set up our banners"); Song of Solomon 5:10 (NKJV "chief" with footnote, "Distinguished"); 6:4, 10. There is another word for "banner," נֵּס (nês). For that word, see footnote for Exodus 17:15. ^
  35. Even though they obeyed then, they didn't obey later, and thus it was all for naught. ^
  36. Mirrored here^

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