Daniel P. Barron

2 Samuel 22

Thursday, November 11, 2021 

1 And David spoke to Yehvah the words of this song i on the day Yehvah delivered him from all his enemies palm and from Saul's palm. 2 And he said, “Yehvah is my rock ii and my stronghold iii and my deliverer for me. iv 3 Gods of my rock, I will seek refuge in him, my shield and horn of my salvation, my fortress and my refuge, my savior. You save me from violence. 4 I call upon Yehvah, who is to be praised, and I am saved from my enemies. 5 When waves of death encompassed me, torrents of Belial terrified me. 6 Cords of Sheol surrounded me. Snares of death confronted me. 7 In my distress I called upon Yehvah and to my Gods I called. And he heard my voice from his temple, and my cry was in his ears. 8 The earth shook and quaked. The foundations of the heavens quaked and shook because he was angry. 9 Smoke went up in his nostril v and fire from his mouth consumed. Coals burned from him. vi 10 And he stretched out vii heavens and came down, and a cloud was under his feet. 11 And he rode upon a cherub and flew, and was seen upon wings of wind. viii 12 And he set darkness around him, huts of a collection of waters, masses of clouds. 13 From brightness in front of him coals of fire burned. 14 Yehvah thundered from heavens, and the Most High gave his voice. 15 And he sent arrows and scattered them, lightening, and troubled them. 16 And channels of the sea were seen. Foundations of the world were uncovered at the rebuke of Yehvah from the breath of the wind ix of his nostril. 17 He sent from the heights and took me and drew me out from many waters. 18 He delivered me from my strong enemy, from those who hate me, for they were stronger than I. 19 They confronted me on the day of my calamity, and Yehvah was my support. 20 And he brought me out to the broad place. He delivered me, because he delighted in me. 21 Yehvah dealt with me according to my righteousness, according to the cleanness of my hands he recompensed me. x 22 For I have kept the ways of Yehvah, and have not wickedly departed from my Gods. 23 For all his judgments are before me, and his statutes I have not turned aside from her. xi 24 And I was blameless to him, and I kept myself from my iniquity. 25 And Yehvah recompensed me according to my righteousness, according to my cleanness before his eyes. 26 With the kind, you will show yourself kind. With the strong in blamelessness, you will show yourself blameless. 27 With the pure, you will show yourself pure, and with the perverted, you will show yourself twisted. xii 28 You will save poor people, and your eyes upon the haughty you will bring down. 29 For you are my lamp, Yehvah, and Yehvah will enlighten my darkness. 30 For in you I will run against a troop. In my Gods I will leap over a wall. 31 The God, his way is blameless. The speech of Yehvah is refined. He is a shield to all who seek refuge in him. 32 For who is God except Yehvah, and who is a rock except our Gods? 33 The God is my strong fortress, and he will make his way xiii blameless, 34 making his feet xiv as deer, and he will cause me to stand on my high places. 35 Teaching my hands for the battle, and my arms bent a bow of bronze. 36 And you have given to me a shield of salvation, and your humility xv has made me great. 37 You enlarged my step under me and my ankles xvi did not slip. 38 I pursue xvii my enemies and exterminate them, and I did not return until they were all finished. 39 And I finished them and struck them through, and they did not arise; and they fell under my feet. 40 And you girded me with strength for the battle. You subdued under me those who rose against me. 41 And you gave my enemies, the neck of those who hated me, and I destroyed them. 42 They looked, and there was no savior, to Yehvah, and he did not answer them. 43 And I beat them as earth's dust, as dirt of streets, I crushed them and stamped them out. 44 And you delivered me from the strivings of my people. You kept me at nations' head. A people I did not know served me. 45 Sons of a foreigner pretended obedience xviii to me. At a hearing of an ear they listened to me. 46 Sons of a foreigner faded away, and they girded up xix from their hideouts. 47 Yehvah lives, and blessed be my rock, and may the Gods of the rock of my salvation be exalted. 48 The God gives vengeances xx to me and subdues peoples under me, 49 and delivers me from my enemies and raises me up. You lifted me up from violent men. You delivered me. 50 Therefore, I will thank you, Yehvah, in the nations, and to your name I will sing praise, 51 magnifying xxi salvations of his king, and working kindness towards his anointed, to David and to his seed forever.”2

2 Samuel 21 - 2 Samuel 23

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf.

  1. // Psalm 18 ^
  2. סַלְעִי (sal`iy) “my rock” ^
  3. מְצֻדָתִי (metsudâtiy) “stronghold” - same word as “stronghold” in 1 Samuel 22:4-5; 24:23; 2 Samuel 5:7, 9; 17. ^
  4. Psalm 18 starts differently. ^
  5. בְּאַפּוֹ (be'apho) “in his nostril” - nostril is singular here. ^
  6. מִמֶּנּוּ (mimenu) “from him” ERV; ESV; LEB, etc.; “by it” NKJV, NAS, YLT, KJV, etc. ^
  7. יֵּט (yêt) “stretched out” (same root verb as in Isaiah 51:13 & Jeremiah 10:12, “stretched out the heavens” NKJV); NKJV, etc. “bowed”. ^
  8. כַּנְפֵי־רוַּח (kanphêy-ruach) “wings of wind” found also in Psalm 18:10[H11]; 104:3. ^
  9. רוּחַ (ruach) “wind” - same word for “spirit” (e.g. 2 Samuel 23:2). ^
  10. See also Psalm 7:8; Proverbs 11:31; 1 Kings 8:32; yet, Ecclesiastes 7:15[vs 14] ^
  11. מִמֶּנָּה (mimmenâh) “from her” - feminine singular ^
  12. תִּתַּפָּל (tittaphâl) “you will show yourself twisted” VOICE; “a wrestler” YLT; “shrewd” NKJV; “unsavoury” (= disagreeable) KJV; “appear perverse” Green – difficult to translate. This verb is found in Genesis 30:8 “wrestled”; Job 5:13 “cunning”; Proverbs 8:8 “crooked”; Psalm 18:26[H27] as here. ^
  13. Written דַּרְכּוֹ (darko) “his way”; read דַּרְכִּי (darkiy) “my way”; Psalm 18:32[H33] has “my way.” ^
  14. Written רַגְלָיו (raglâyv) “his feet”; read רַגְלַי (raglay) “my feet”; Psalm 18:33[34] has “my feet.” ^
  15. עֲנֹתְדָ (`anotkhâ) “your humility” MEV; “condescension” Green; “gentleness” NKJV; “lowliness” YLT – found also in Psalm 18:35[36] as here; Psalm 45:4[H5] “humility” NKJV; Proverbs 15:33; 18:12; 22:4 “humility” NKJV; Zephaniah 2:3 “humility” NKJV. See also Psalm 113:6; Isaiah 57:15; Matthew 11:29. ^
  16. קַרְסֻלָּי (qarsullây) “my ankles” YLT; “feet” NKJV, NAS, KJV ^
  17. אֶרְדְּפָה ('erddephâh) “I pursue” (cohortative) YLT; “I will pursue” DRA; “I have pursued” NKJV ^
  18. יִחְכַּחֲשׁוּ (yitkachashu) “pretended obedience”; “pretend obedience” NAS; “feign obedience” YLT; “submit” NKJV – see footnote for Genesis 18:15. ^
  19. יַחְגְּרוּ (yachgru) “they gird up”; YLT “gird themselves”; NKJV “come frightened” - Psalm 18:45[H46] יַחְרְגֹוּ (yachregu) “come tembling.” ^
  20. נְקָמֹת (neqâmot) “vengeances” - plural ^
  21. Written מַגְדִּיל (magdiyl) “magnifying” YLT; read מִגְדּוֹל (migdol) “tower” NKJV – Psalm 18:50[H51] similar. ^

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