Daniel P. Barron

1 Samuel 2

Tuesday, January 12, 2021 

1 And Hannah prayed and said, “My heart rejoices in Yehvah. My horn is raised up in Yehvah. My mouth is wide i over my enemies, because I rejoice in your salvation. ii 2 There is none holy like Yehvah, iii for there is none besides you. And there is no rock like our Gods. 3 Let you not multiply speaking proud, proud, letting arrogance go out from your mouth. For a God of knowledge is Yehvah, and actions are not iv right. 4 Bows of mighty men are shattered, and those who stumbled are girded with strength. 5 Those full have hired themselves out for bread, and the hungry have ceased being so. Even the barren has borne seven, and she of many sons has become feeble. 6 Yehvah kills and makes alive, brings down to sheol, v and he brings up. vi 7 Yehvah dispossesses and makes rich, brings low, also exalts, 8 raises poor from dust. He raises needy from ash to dwell with nobles and makes them inherit a throne of glory. For fixtures vii of earth are Yehvah's, and he sets the world upon them. 9 He guards the feet of his kind one, viii and the wicked in darkness are silenced. For not by strength is a man strong. ix 10 Yehvah, his opponent, x they shall be shattered. Over him in the heavens he will thunder them. Yehvah will judge ends of earth and give strength to his king and lift up the horn of his anointed.” 11 And Elkanah went to the Height unto his house, and the boy served Yehvah and before Eli the priest.

12 And sons of Eli were sons of Belial. They did not know Yehvah. 13 And the judgment of the priests with the people was: every man who sacrificed, so the young man of the priest would come in as the flesh was boiling and with the three toothed fork in his hand. 14 And he would strike in the basin or in the kettle or in the caldron or in the pot whatever the fork brought up the priest took for himself. Thus they did to all Israel, those coming in there to Shiloh.

15 Also, before they caused the fat to smoke as incense, xi so the young man of the priest would come in and say to the man sacrificing, “Give flesh to roast to the priest, and he will not take from you boiled flesh, but raw.” xii 16 And the man would say to him, “Surely let the fat smoke as incense as of today, xiii then take for yourself just as your soul desires.” And he would say to him, xiv “For now you shall give, and if not, I will take by force.” 17 And the sin of the young men was very great before Yehvah, because the men despised the offering of Yehvah.

18 And Samuel was serving before Yehvah, a boy girded with a linen ephod. 19 And his mother made for him a small robe and brought to him from days to days xv in her going up with her man to sacrifice the sacrifice of the days. 20 And Eli blessed Elkanah and his woman and said, “May Yehvah place for you a seed from this woman for the petition which he asked xvi for Yehvah.” And they went to his place.

21 So Yehvah visited Hannah, and she conceived and bore three sons and two daughters. And the boy Samuel grew up with Yehvah. 22 And Eli was very old, and he heard all that his sons were doing to all Israel, and that they lay with the women who served xvii at the door of tent of meeting. 23 And he said to them, “Why do you do according to these things that I am hearing, bad things from all these people? 24 No, my sons, for the report that I am hearing is not good, causing people of Yehvah to trespass. 25 If a man sins against a man, Gods, he will intercede for him. And if a man sins against Yehvah, who will intercede for him?” And they did not listen to the voice of their father, because Yehvah desired xviii to kill them.

26 And the boy Samuel was going and growing and good, both with Yehvah and also with men. 27 And a man of Gods came in to Eli and said to him, “Thus says Yehvah, 'Was I not surely revealed to the house of your father in their being in Egypt to Pharaoh's house, 28 and choosing him from all tribes of Israel for myself for priest to go up upon my altar, to burn incense, to carry an ephod before me; and I gave to the house of your father all fire offerings of sons of Israel? 29 Why do you xix kick at my sacrifice and at my offering that I have commanded for the dwelling, and you honor your sons more than me, to make yourselves fat xx from the first part of every offering of my people Israel?'”

30 “Therefore, Yehvah Gods of Israel says, 'I surely said your house and the house of your father would walk before me forever. And now Yehvah says, far be it for me. He who honors me, I will honor. And he who despises me, they shall be slighted. xxi 31 Behold, days are coming, and I will cut off your arm and arm of your father's house from there being an old man in your house. 32 And you will see an adversary at the dwelling in all that he does good with Israel. And there will not be an old man in your house all the days. 33 And a man that I do not cut off to you from my altar shall be to finish your eyes and to grieve your soul. And all the increase of your house shall die men. xxii 34 And this shall be the sign for you that will come to your two sons, to Hophni and Phinehas: in one day the two of them shall die. 35 And I will raise up for myself a faithful priest. He shall do just as is in my heart and in my soul. And I will build for him a faithful house. And he shall walk before my anointed all the days. 36 And it shall be, all who are left in your house shall come to bow to him for a payment of silver and a loaf of bread. And he shall say, “Please attach me to one of the priests' positions to eat a morsel of bread.”

1 Samuel 1 - 1 Samuel 3

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdfs here and here.

  1. ב חחַר) râchav) “wide”; DARBY, EHV, OJB “opened wide”; TLV “smile wide”; KJV “enlarged”; YLT, Green “been large”; NAS “speaks boldly”; NKJV “smile” ^
  2. “salvation” - context? Being delivered (saved) from barrenness and the reproach thereof. ^
  3. Revelation 15:4 ^
  4. א ל) lo') “not” kethib; לו) lo) “by him” qere – TT “actions are not right”; NKJV, etc., “by Him actions are weighed” - the translations follow the qere (reading) not the kethib (written). Yet, every other time this verb (“right” or “weighed”) is found in the Niphal form (passive form), it is used as here translated (“not right”). See Ezekiel 18:25(3x), 29(3x); 33:17(2x), 20. ^
  5. ואאולֹש) she'ol) “sheol”; YLT, Green, NAS, etc. “Sheol”; NKJV, KJV, etc. “grave” - this can equal the grave, hell, or both. See footnote for Genesis 37:35 ^
  6. Does God bring up from hell? He will in the future. See Ezekiel 37; 44:10-14; Revelation 20:11-15. ^
  7. י קי צק ואֹמ) metsuqêy) “fixtures” YLT, “pillars” NKJV, KJV, NAS, etc., “foundations” CSB, CEV, etc.; BDB “molten support, pillar” - also only found in 1 Samuel 14:5 “fixed” YLT; “faced” NKJV; “rose” NAS; “situate” KJV; “pillar” Green – related to a verb for “smelted” (Job 28:2, צוק חַי] yâtsuq]) or “poured out” Job 29:6. The word for “pillar” is usually חהַבציב מ) matstsêvâh) e.g. Genesis 28:18, 22; 31:13, 45, 51-52, or מוד ב ע`) ammud) e.g. Exodus 13:21-22; 26:32; Job 9:6 (earth's pillars); Psalm 75:3 (earth's pillars). Neither Job 9:6 nor Psalm 75:3 mention pillars as foundation. If “molten support” (BDB) is accurate, then it may refer to the molten core of the earth. ^
  8. kethib ו חַיד סי חס) chasiydâv) “his kind one”; qere יו חַיד סי חס) chasiydâyv) “his kind ones”; NKJV, KJV, YLT “saints”; NAS “godly ones” - this is the adjective for “kind” or “merciful” (e.g. 2 Samuel 22:26; Psalm 145:17; Jeremiah 3:12) which is a term used for believers (2 Chronicles 6:41; Psalm 4:3[H4]; 12:1 “godly man”; 16:10 “Holy One”; 30:4; 31:23[H24]; 32:6; 37:28; 43:1; 50:5; 52:9[H11]; 79:2; 85:8[H9]; 86:2; 89:19[H20]; 97:10; 116:15; 132:9, 16; 145:10; 148:14; 149:1, 5, 9; Proverbs 2:8; Micah 7:2). See also Philippians 4:5. “Saint” is the adjective for “holy” ואדושֹק) qedosh) meaning “holy one” e.g. Psalm 106:16.  ^
  9. Psalm 33:16-17 ^
  10. kethib יבו רי ואֹמ) meriyvo) “his opponent”; qere יו חַיב רי ואֹמ) meriyvâyv) “his opponents”; CSB “those who oppose”; YLT “his adversaries”; NKJV, KJV “The adversaries”; NAS “Those who contend”; Green “They who strive” - same root (and meaning) as in Isaiah 45:9, “Woe to him who strives with his Maker!” ^
  11. ן ואטירוֹבק י) yaqtirun) Hiphil (causal) “they caused . . . to smoke as incense”; Green “they made . . . to smoke”; NKJV, NAS “they burned”; YLT “they make perfume” - see footnote for Exodus 29:13. ^
  12. י חַח) chây) “raw” - same word for “alive” e.g. Joshua 8:23. ^
  13. ם ב כ) kayyom) “as of today”; JUB, WYC “today”; YLT “as to-day”; NKJV, NAS “first”; KJV “presently” ^
  14. kethib לו) lo) “to him” YLT; qere אא ל) lo') “No” NAS – NKJV and KJV translate both. ^
  15. See footnote for Exodus 13:10. ^
  16. ל חאַש) shâ'al) “he asked”; NKJV, etc. “she asked”; ASV “was asked” ^
  17. ת ואֹאב צ ב ה) hatsov'ot) “who served” NAS; “who assembled” NKJV – see Exodus 38:8 and footnote. ^
  18. ץ פי חַח) châphêts) “desired” NKJV, NAS; “delighted” YLT – used in same sense as here in Judges 13:23 (“desired” to kill), elsewhere used in the sense of “delight” e.g. Genesis 34:19; Numbers 14:8; Deuteronomy 21:14; 1 Samuel 18:22, and “want” or “desire” e.g. Deuteronomy 25:7-8; Ruth 3:13; 1 Samuel 18:25. ^
  19. טו עט בע תב) tiv`atu) “you kick” - plural “you” ^
  20. Eli was “was old and heavy” (1 Samuel 4:18). ^
  21. וּקקָי) yêqâllu) “they shall be slighted”; NKJV, KJV, NAS, YLT “lightly esteemed” - see Genesis 16:4 footnote. Genesis 16:4 לל קקָת) têqal) “slighted”; NKJV, KJV, NAS “despised”; YLT “lightly esteemed” - “slighted” = “insult (someone) by treating or speaking of them without proper respect or attention” (Oxford) – this well captures the idea of this word. Used in this same way in 1 Samuel 2:30^
  22. ים שב לּנ אט') anâshiym) “men” YLT; “young men” Green; “in the flower of their age” NKJV, KJV; “in the prime of life” NAS ^

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