Daniel P. Barron

Mark 1

Sunday, May 8, 2022 

Mark i

According to Mark ii

1 The beginning of the good news of Joshua iii Christ, son of God. 2 As it is written in the prophets, iv

“Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who shall prepare your way before you. v 3 A voice shouting in the wilderness prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.” vi


4 John came immersing vii in the wilderness and preaching an immersion of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. viii


5 And all of the area of Judea and those of Jerusalem were coming out to him, and they all ix were being immersed in the Jordan river by him, confessing their sins. x 6 And John was clothed with camel’s hair and a leather belt around his waist, and he ate locust and wild honey.


7 And he preached, saying, “One who is mightier than I is coming after me, whose sandals strap I am not worthy to stoop down to loosen. xi 8 I indeed immersed you in water, but he will immerse you in the Holy Spirit.”


9 And it came to pass in those days, Joshua came from Nazareth of Galilee and was immersed by John in the Jordan. 10 And immediately raising up from the water, he saw the heavens spliting and the Spirit descending as a dove upon him. 11 And a voice came out of the heavens, “You are my beloved son, in whom I am well pleased.” 12 And immediately the Spirit drove him out into the wilderness. 13 And he was there in the wilderness 40 days being tempted by Satan, xii and he was with the wild animals, and the messengers served him.


14 And after John was delivered up, Joshua came into Galilee preaching the good news of the kingdom of God, 15 and saying, “The time xiii is fulfilled and the kingdom of God xiv is near. Repent and believe in the good news.”


16 And walking beside the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew, the xv brother of Simon, casting a net in the sea, for they were fishermen. 17 And Joshua said to them, “Come after me, and I will make you to be fishermen of men.” 18 And immediately they left their nets and followed him.


19 And going on from there a little, he saw James, that of Zebedee, and John his brother, and they were xvi in the boat mending the nets. 20 And immediately he called them, and they left their father Zebedee in the boat with the hired men, and went after him. xvii


21 And they go into Capernaum and immediately on the Sabbaths, xviii entering into the synagogue, xix he was teaching. xx 22 And they were marveling at his teaching, for he was teaching them as one having authority and not as the scribes. 23 And xxi there was a man in their synagogue with an unclean spirit, and he cried out, 24 saying, “Ah! xxii What is it to us and to you, Joshua of Nazareth? Did you come to destroy us? I know who you are, the Holy One xxiii of God!”


25 And Joshua rebuked him, saying, “Be muzzled xxiv and come out of him!” 26 And when the unclean spirit convulsed him and screamed with a loud voice he came out of him. 27 And they all were amazed, so that they disputed with one another saying, “Who is this? What is this new teaching that with authority even the unclean spirits he commands, and they obey him?” 28 And the report of him immediately went out into the whole region around Galilee.


29 And immediately after going out of the synagogue, they went into the house of Simon and Andrew with James and John. 30 And Simon’s mother-in-law was lying sick with a fever, and they immediately spoke to him about her. 31 And approaching, he took her hand, raised her up, and the fever immediately left her, and she served them.


32 And when it was late, when the sun had set, they brought to him all who had it badly xxv and demoniacs. 33 And the whole city was gathered together at the door. 34 And he healed many who had it badly with various diseases, and he cast out many demons, and did not permit the demons to speak; because they knew xxvi him. xxvii


35 And rising up early while it was very dark, he went and departed into a desolate place, and there he prayed. 36 And Simon and those with him searched for him, 37 and finding him they said to him, “Everyone is looking for you.” 38 And he said to them, “Let us go into the neighboring towns, xxviii so that I might preach there also. For this reason I have come forth.” 39 And he was preaching in their synagogues throughout Galilee and casting out demons.


40 And a leper came to him, imploring him and kneeling down to him and saying to him, “If you are willing, you are able to cleanse me.” 41 And Joshua moved with compassion, strecthed out the hand and touched him and said to him, “I am willing, be cleansed.” 42 And after he spoke to him, immediately the leprosy left him and he was cleansed. 43 And after sternly warning him, immediately he sent him away, 44 and said to him, “See that you say nothing to anyone, but go away, show yourself to the priest and offer for your cleansing what Moses commanded, xxix for a testimony to them.” 45 So he went out and began to preach much and to disseminate the word, xxx so that he was no longer able to enter a city publicly, but was outside in desolate places. And they were coming to him from every direction.


Matthew 28 - Mark 2


Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf. xxxi

  1. The title given in English ^
  2. κατα μαρκον (kata markon) - The title given in Greek ^
  3. Ἰησοῦ (iêsou) – genitive form - “Joshua” - typically translated “Jesus” - see footnote for Matthew 1:1. ^
  4. τοις προφηταις (tois prophêtais) - “the prophets” - Critical Text has “Isaiah the prophet” (τω Ησαια τω προφητη, tô asaia tô prophêta), thus so do NAS and NIV. Verse 3 is found in Isaiah 40:3. Verse 2 is not found in Isaiah, but appears to represent Malachi 3:1. ^
  5. Critical Text does not have “before you” (εμπροσθεν σου, emprosthen), thus NAS and NIV have no “before you.” ^
  6. See footnote for Luke 3:4. ^
  7. See footnote for Luke 3:3. ^
  8. See footnotes for Luke 3:3. ^
  9. Critical Text does not have “all,” and the word order is a little different. Critical Text reads, “and were being immersed by him” (και εβαπτιζοντο υπ αυτου, kai ebaptizonto up autou). ^
  10. “confessing their sins” - See also Leviticus 5:5; 16:21; 26:40-41; Numbers 5:6-7a; Proverbs 28:13; Nehmiah 9:1-3; Acts 19:18 ^
  11. See footnotes for Luke 3:16. ^
  12. σατανα (satana) - “Satan” - this name is also found in 1 Chronicles 21:1 (שָׂטָן, satan); Job 1 & 2; Zechariah 3:1-2; Matthew 4:10; 12:26; 16:23; Mark 3:23, 26; 4:15; 8:33; Luke 10:18; 11:18; 13:16; 22:3, 31; John 13:27; Acts 5:3; 26:18; Romans 16:20; 1 Corinthians 5:5; 7:5; 2 Corinthians 2:11; 11:14; 12:7; 1 Thessalonians 2:18; 2 Thessalonians 2:9; 1 Timothy 1:20; 5:15; Revelation 2:9, 13, 24; 3:9; 12:9; 20:2, 7. The Hebrew term (שָׂטָן, satan) is used as a descriptive noun (“adversary”) as well (Numbers 22:22, 32; 1 Samuel 29:4; 2 Samuel 19:22; 1 Kings 5:4 [Hebrew vs. 18]; 11:14, 23, 25; Psalm 109:6). ^
  13. Romans 5:6 ^
  14. Here it is the “kingdom of God.” In Matthew 4:17 it is the “kingdom of the heavens.” Obviously, these are synonymous terms. ^
  15. Literally, “his” ^
  16. και αυτους (kai autous) - “and they” - KJV, NKJV, NAS “who also,” Young’s Literal, “and they,” more literally, “and them.” ^
  17. Verses 16-21 parallel Matthew 4:18-22 which took place after John 1:35-42. This is made clear by Mark 1:14. ^
  18. σαββασιν (sabbasin) - “sabbaths” - plural form – compare this passage with Luke 4:31-32. ^
  19. συναγην (sunagôgan) ^
  20. εδιδασκεν (edidasken) imperfect indicative - “was teaching” - the imperfect indicative depicts continual action in past time. ^
  21. Critical Text adds ευθυς (euthus) “just then” (NAS) or “immediately.” ^
  22. εα (ea) - “Ah!” KJV, NKJV “Let us alone!” Young’s Literal, “Ah!” This word is not found in the Critical Text. ^
  23. Psalm 16:10 (Acts 2:27; 3:14; 13:35) ^
  24. φιμωθητι (phimôthêti) - "Be muzzled" (see NKJV footnote) - used in 1 Corinthians 9:9; 1 Timothy 5:18 for "muzzle," also found in Matthew 22:12, 34; Mark 4:39; Luke 4:35 (see NKJV footnote); 1 Peter 2:15. ^
  25. κακως εχοντας (kakôs echontos) - “had it bad” - more literally, “having badly.” ^
  26. Mark 1:24; Luke 4:34, 41; Acts 19:15 (Job 38:7; Revelation 12:4; James 2:19) ^
  27. 1 Corinthians 2:7-8; Luke 9:18-22, 36 (Matthew 17:9); yet Matthew 26:63-64 ^
  28. κωμοπολεις (kômopoleis) - “towns” - This is a different word for town (κωμη, kômê) or city (πολις, polis). Exact meaning unclear. κωμος (kômos) is used for revelry (noisy partying, Romans 13:13; Galatians 5:21; 1 Peter 4:3). It is a compound word perhaps meaning “party towns” or something in between a small town and a large city, and it is only found here. ^
  29. Leviticus 14:1-32 ^
  30. Isaiah 26:10 ^
  31. Mirrored here^

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