Daniel P. Barron

Genesis 6

Friday, May 6, 2022 

1 And it came to pass, when the Adam i began to multiply upon the face of the ground and daughters were born to them, 2 that the sons of the Gods ii saw the daughters of the Adam i that they were good. iii And they took for themselves women iv from whomever they chose. 3 And Yehvah said, “My spirit will not contend v in the Adam vi forever in their erring. vii He is flesh and his days will be 120 years.” 4 The Nephilim viii were on the earth in those days, and also after that, when ix the sons of the Gods came in to the daughters of the Adam i and bore to them. Those were mighty ones which were from antiquity, x men of the name. xi

5 And Yehvah saw that the bad of the Adam i was great on the earth and every form of the thoughts of his heart was only bad all the day. xii 6 And Yehvah was sorry that he made the Adam i on the earth, and he was grieved in his heart. xiii 7 And Yehvah said, “I will wipe out xiv the Adam i whom I created from upon the face of the ground, from man, xv to beast, to creeping thing, to the flying creature of the heavens, because I am sorry xvi that I made them.” xvii 8 And Noach found grace in the eyes of Yehvah.

9 These are the generations of Noach. Noach was a righteous man, xviii perfect xix in his ways. Noach walked with the Gods. 10 And Noach begot three sons, xx Shem, Ham, and Japheth. 11 And the earth was corrupt before the Gods, and the earth was filled with violence. xxi 12 And Gods, he looked xxii at the earth, and behold, it was corrupt. For every flesh xxiii had corrupted its way upon the earth.

13 And Gods, he said to Noach, “The end of all flesh has come before me, because the earth is filled with violence because of them; and behold I will destroy xxiv them with the earth. 14 Make for yourself an ark xxv of gopher wood. xxvi Make nests xxvii in the ark, and pitch it inside and outside with pitch. xxviii 15 And this is how you will make it: The ark shall be 300 cubits xxix long, its width 50 cubits, and 30 cubits its height. 16 You shall make for the ark a sunroof. xxx You shall finish it a cubit above. xxxi And you shall put the door of the ark in its side. You shall make it with a lower, second, and third. 17 And behold, I am bringing flood waters upon the earth to destroy from under the heavens xxxii all flesh in which was the spirit of life. xxxiii All that is on the earth shall perish. xxxiv 18 But I will establish my covenant with you, and you shall go into the ark, you and your sons with you and your sons' women xxxv with you. 19 And from every life, from all flesh, two from all you shall bring into the ark to keep alive with you. They will be male and female. 20 From the flying creature according to its kind and from the beast according to its kind, from everything that creeps upon the ground according to its kind, two from all shall come to you to be alive. 21 And you shall take for yourself from all that is eaten and gather it for yourself. And it shall be for you and for them to eat.” xxxvi 22 And Noach did according to all that Gods, he commanded him, so he did. xxxvii

Genesis 5 - Genesis 7

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf. xxxviii

  1. “the Adam” - הָאָדָם (hâ'âdâm) – or “the man” - This is the same Hebrew word for Adam, except for the addition of the definite article (see Genesis 2:19 with footnote). ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^
  2. “the sons of the Gods” - בנֵי־הָאֱלֹהִים (benêy-hâ'elohiym) - This is also found in Job 1:6; 2:1; and 38:7. In Psalm 29:1 & 89:6 “sons of Gods” is in a different form (בִּנֵי אֵלִים, benêy 'êliym). The “the sons of the Gods” here (Genesis 6:2) are angels as can be seen from Job 1:6; 2:1; 38:7; 2 Peter 2:4 & Jude 6-7. ^
  3. “good” plural - טֹבֹת (tovot) - This is the same word used, for example, in Genesis 1:4, but it is in the plural form. ^
  4. “women” - נָשִׁים (nâshiym) ^
  5. “plead” - יָדוֹן (yâdon) - This word is used for Genesis 30:6; Deuteronomy 32:36; & Psalm 50:4 for “judge” (which is the basic idea of the word). Also, it is translated “plead” (a cause) in Proverbs 31:9; Jeremiah 5:28; 22:16; & 30:13, and “contend” in Ecclesiastes 6:10. LXX translates this “abide” (καταμεινη, katameina). Darby translates this “plead.” NKJV and NAS translates this “strive.” ^
  6. “in the Adam” - בָאָדָם (vâ'âdâm) ^
  7. “their erring” שַׁגַּם (shaggam) - NKJV, NAS, NIV, LXX, and The Jerusalem Bible (with the Hebrew text) do not translate this word. J. P. Green’s A Literal Translation of the Bible translates it with “in their erring.” שָׁגַג (shâgag), this verb, is found in Leviticus 5:18 (erred), Numbers 15:28 (unintentionally), Job 12:16 (deceived and the deceiver - שׁגֵג וּמַשְׁגֶּה, shoghêgh umashgeh); and Psalm 119:67 (astray). ^
  8. “Nephilim” - נְּפִלִים (nephiliym) LXX γίγαντες (gigantes) “giants” – akin to the verb “fall”, נָפַל (nâphal). “Fallen ones” would be נּפְֹלִים (nopheliym, e.g. Joshua 8:25 “who fell”; Judges 7:12 “lying”; 2 Kings 25:11 “the defectors” [see also Jeremiah 39:9; 52:15]; Psalm 145:14 “who fall”). A stillborn child is נִפֶל (nêphel, e.g. Job 3:16; Psalm 58:8; Ecclesiastes 6:3). Aramaic, for ones who “fell down” (Daniel 3:7) is נָפְלִין (nâphelin). The only other place Nephilim are found is in Numbers 13:33. Numbers 13:33 portrays a characteristic of Nephilim, that is, that they were giants (“and we were like grasshoppers in our own sight, and so we were in their sight”). Moreover, Numbers 13:33 records “the sons of Anak are from the Nephilim”, and Deuteronomy 2:10-11 notes the Anakim (sons of Anak) are “great and numerous and tall”; and they are called Rephaim רְפָאִים (rephâ'iym). For more on giants and the Rephaim, see footnote for Genesis 14:5. ^
  9. “when” אֲשֶׁר (a'sher) – In other words, “when the sons of God came to the daughters of man and bore to them” describes the prior mentioned “those days.” See 2 Chronicles 35:20 where “when” is אֲשֶׁר (a'sher) and the “when” there is descriptive of the time being discussed. If the Nephilim were a result of the sexual immorality of the angels (Jude 6-7 “in a similar manner to these”), the Nephilim were bastards and would not be allowed in the assembly of the Lord (Deuteronomy 23:2). ^
  10. מֵעוֹלָם (mê`olâm) - “from antiquity” - same word with different preposition as in verse 3, לְעֹלָם (le`olâm) “forever.” This is the first time this word (מֵעוֹלָם) appears in Scripture. Typically, עוֹלָם (olâm) has the idea of “perpetual” or “forever,” even in the past (e.g. Psalm 93:2 מֵעוֹלָם [mê`olâm] “from everlasting”). But, מֵעוֹלָם (mê`olâm) can mean “from antiquity” within the confines of time/history. For example, the next 2 times מֵעוֹלָם (mê`olâm) is found it is used in that way. See Joshua 24:2 & 1 Samuel 27:8. For elsewhere מֵעוֹלָם (mê`olâm) is found, see 1 Chronicles 29:10; Psalm 25:6; 90:2; 93:2; 103:17; 119:52; Proverbs 8:23; Isaiah 42:14; 46:9; 63:16, 19; 64:4 [H3]; Jeremiah 2:20; 5:15; Ezekiel 26:20. ^
  11. “men of the name” - אַנְשֵׁי הַשֵּׁם ('anshêy hashêm) - NKJV - “men of renown”. הַשֵּׁם (hashêm) "the name" is also only found in Leviticus 24:11; Deuteronomy 28:58; Ezekiel 22:5. ^
  12. See also Psalm 10:3-7; 14:1-3; & Jeremiah 17:9. ^
  13. God is grieved when men sin (e.g. Psalm 78:40; 95:10; Isaiah 63:10; Mark 3:5; Ephesians 4:30). ^
  14. “wipe out” - אֶמְחֶה (emheh) - Found also, for example, in Exodus 32:32-33 (blot out); Numbers 5:23 (scrape off); Deuteronomy 9:14 (blot out); 29:20 (in Hebrew 29:19); Psalm 9:5 (in Hebrew 9:6); 2 Kings 21:13 (wipe); Proverbs 30:20 (wipe the mouth); 31:3 (destroy); and Isaiah 25:8 (wipe away tears). ^
  15. “from man” - מֵאָדָם (mê'âdâm) – or “Adam” ^
  16. נִחַמְתִּי (nichamtiy) - “I am sorry” - same root word used in Genesis 5:29 for “comfort.” This is the same root word used for “change” in Exodus 13:17, “relent” in 32:12 & 14, “repent” in Numbers 23:19, “regret” in 1 Samuel 15:11, “relent” (2x) in 1 Samuel 15:29, “regretted” in 1 Samuel 15:35, and “relent” in Joel 2:13 & 14. Context weighs heavily on this word, variously translated “comfort” (e.g. Genesis 24:67; 27:42; Job 2:11; Psalm 23:4; etc.), “moved to pity” (e.g. Judges 2:18), “grieved” (Judges 21:6, 15), “repent” (Job 42:6; Jeremiah 8:6; 31:19), “relent” (e.g. Psalm 106:45; 110:4; Jeremiah 4:28; 15:6; 18:8, 10; 20:16; 26:3, 13, 19; 42:10; Amos 7:3; Jonah 3:9 & 10; 4:2); “have compassion” (Psalm 135:14); “avenged” (Ezekiel 5:13; KJV “comforted”); “rid” (Isaiah 1:24). ^
  17. This statement indicates He was sorry he made both man and the animals. Animals are described as having no understanding (Psalm 32:9) and lacking man’s mental capabilities (Daniel 4:16, 34, 36), but can they nonetheless do evil? Yes, see Genesis 6:11-12-13, 17, & 9:5. See also Isaiah 11:9 (יָרֵעוּ, yârê`u) and 65:25 (יִרְעוּ, yir`u) in which the word translated “hurt” is the Hebrew word for doing bad (or evil, see footnote in Genesis 2:9). See also footnote for Genesis 37:20.

    There is also a certain intelligence attributed to the creation. See e.g. Job 12:7-9; 38:41; Psalm 96:11-12; 104:21; 148; Joel 1:19-20; 2:21-23; Isaiah 14:8; 43:20; 55:12; Ezekiel 17:1-9, 24; Zechariah 11:2; Mark 11:12-14; Luke 19:40. ^

  18. “man” - אִישׁ ('iysh) ^
  19. “perfect” - תָּמִים (tâmiym) - adjective - is used e.g. in Genesis 17:1 (blameless); Exodus 12:5 (without blemish); Leviticus 3:9 (whole fat tail); 23:15 (completed of 7 sabbaths); 25:30 (full year); Deuteronomy 18:13 (blameless); 32:4 (perfect of God’s work); Joshua 10:13; (whole day); 24:14 (sincerity); Judges 9:16, 19 (sincerity); 1 Samuel 14:41 (a perfect lot); Job 12:4 (blameless); 36:4; 37:16 (perfect in knowledge); Psalm 15:2 (uprightly); 18:23, 25 (1st “blameless”; “you will show yourself blameless” is the verb form, תִּתַּמָּם [tittamâm]), 30 (His way is perfect), 32 (makes my way perfect); 19:7 (H8, perfect); 37:18 (upright); 84:11 (H12, uprightly); 101:2 (first “perfect” is this adj., second is the noun תָם [tâm]), 6 (perfect); 119:1 (undefiled), 80 (blameless); Proverbs 1:12 (swallow whole); 2:21; 11:5, 20; 28:10, 18 (blameless); Ezekiel 28:15 (perfect); Amos 5:10 (uprightly). On the issue of “perfect,” see also Psalm 138:8; Matthew 5:48; Philippians 2:15; Colossians 1:28; 4:12; 1 Peter 5:10; Hebrews 12:23; Revelation 3:2.

    In Deuteronomy 25:15 “perfect” (2x) is שְׁלֵמָה (shelêmâh). See footnote for Genesis 14:18. ^

  20. It is said of everyone else in Genesis five that they “had sons and daughters,” but not so of Noach These three sons (and no daughters recorded) went in with him into the ark. He was commanded to take “all your house” in Genesis 7:1 into the ark, and all his house consisted of 8 people (1 Peter 3:20), himself, “his sons and his wife and his sons' wives” (Genesis 7:7). These three sons are also mentioned after the flood (e.g. Genesis 9:18). ^
  21. “violence” - חָמָס (hâmâs) - See Psalm 11:5. The flood displays God’s hatred upon the whole world. ^
  22. God looked. “All things are naked and open to the eyes of Him to whom we must give account” (Hebrews 4:13). Yet, He “looks” in particular as well (Genesis 18:20-21; Exodus 14:24). ^
  23. “every flesh” - כָּל־בָּשָׂר (kol-bâsâr) - This is used for all living beings (man and animals) in Genesis 6:17, 19; 7:21; 9:11, 15-17; Leviticus 17:14; Numbers 18:15; Job 34:15; and Psalm 136:25. It is used exclusively for animals in Genesis 7:15-16 and 8:17. It is also found in Numbers 16:22; 27:16; Psalm 65:3; 145:21; Isaiah 40:5-6; 49:26; 66:16, 23, 24; Jeremiah 12:12; 25:31; 45:5; and Ezekiel 21:4. ^
  24. “destroy them” - מַשְׁחִיתָם (mashhiytâm) - The Hebrew word for “destroy” comes from the same Hebrew word (שָׁחַת, shahat) used in Genesis 6:11 (תִּשָּׁחֵת, tishâhêt) and 12 (נִשְׁחָתָה כִּי־הִשְׁחִית, nishhâtâh kiy-hishhiyt) for “corrupt.” ^
  25. “ark” - תֵּבַת, (têvat) - is used only in Genesis chapters 6-9 and in Exodus 2:3 & 5. ^
  26. “gopher wood” - עֲצֵי־גֹפֶר, (`atsêy-gopher) - “gopher” is a transliteration of the Hebrew word. This is the only time this word is used. What kind of wood this is, we do not know, other than calling it “gopher.” ^
  27. “nests” - קִנִּים, (qinniym) - is found only in Numbers 24:21; Deuteronomy 22:6; 32:11; Job 29:18; 39:27; Psalm 84:3; Proverbs 27:8; Isaiah 10:14; 16:2; Jeremiah 49:16; Obadiah 4; and Habakkuk 2:9. NKJV footnotes this as “nests” and translates it so in every other passage except this one. ^
  28. “pitch it inside and outside with pitch” - כָפַרְתָ אֹתָהּ מִבַּיִת וּמִחוּץ בַּכֹּפֶר (kâphartâ 'otâh mibbayit umihuts bakkopher) - The word for pitch here is not certain. It is closely associated with the noun “ransom” (כֹּפֶר, kopher) and the verb to “cover” (כִּפֶּר, kipher) in the sense of to “atone” (i.e. cover sin). Also, the Hebrew language is interesting in sound here. Gopher (גֹפֶר) wood is covered with kopher (כֹּפֶר). ^
  29. “cubits” - אַמָּה ('ammâh) - a cubit is apparently the length of a forearm (about 18 inches). The cubits in Ezekiel 40:5 and 43:13 are described as a handbreath larger. According to these measurements, the ark was 450 feet long, 75 feet wide, and 45 feet high. For a different usage of the word for “cubit,” see Jeremiah 51:13 and Matthew 6:27 and footnote. ^
  30. “sunroof” - צֹהַר (tsohar) - is an uncertain word. BDB suggests roof, mentioning others suggest light or window. Every other time this word is found, it is in the plural form and it is used for midday (i.e. noon). See, for example Genesis 43:16, 25; and Deuteronomy 28:29. The word for window in Genesis 8:6 (חַלּוֹן, hallon) is not the same word, although it could be referring to the same thing. ^
  31. “above” - מִלְמַעְלָה (milma`lâh) - is found in Genesis 7:20; Exodus 25:21; 26:14; 39:31; Numbers 4:6; Joshua 3:13, 16; 1 Kings 7:2, 5, 11; 8:7; Jeremiah 31:37; Ezekiel 1:11, 22, 26; 10:19; 11:22; and 37:8. ^
  32. “from under the heavens” - This dictates a world wide flood (see also 2 Peter 2:4-5 & 3:6). ^
  33. “the spirit of life” - בּוֹ רוּחַ חַיִּים (bo ruah hayyiym) - רוּחַ (ruah) can be translated “breath” (as in NKJV), but it can also be translated “spirit” as it is for the Spirit of God in Genesis 1:2 or the spirit of men or the spirit of the animal in Ecclesiastes 3:21. Note also, Genesis 7:22 speaks of the “breath of the spirit of life” (נִשְׁמַח־רוּחַ חַיִּים, nishmat-ruah chayyiym). ^
  34. Yehvah sat enthroned at the Flood, and Yehvah sits as King forever.” (Psalm 29:10) God will not be mocked (Galatians 6:7). ^
  35. These ladies married into a good situation! ^
  36. The food needed to last for at least 1 year and 10 days (see Genesis 7:11 & 8:13-19). Some may argue that this was impossible. There would have been too many animals to fit in the ark and too much food to not only fit, but to last for over a year. In essence, what such fools are saying is, that the God who made the entire universe in 6 days (Genesis 1), who parted the Red Sea (Exodus 15), and who keeps everything going by the word of His power (Hebrews 1:3), could not pull off this simple task. Such fools reveal their folly (Proverbs 13:16; 15:21). ^
  37. By faith Noah, being divinely warned of things not yet seen, moved with godly fear, prepared an ark for the saving of his household, by which he condemned the world and became heir of the righteousness which is according to faith.” (Hebrews 11:7) Herein is an excellent example of Biblical faith, the kind of faith that saves. It is like Abraham’s (Genesis 15:4-6; Romans 4:19-22) and Mary’s (Luke 1:30-38, 45). They believed God, despite their circumstances or what they might see. Also, note 1 Peter 3:20. The Lord exercised patience as He waited for Noach to build the ark. ^
  38. Mirrored here^

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