Daniel P. Barron

Acts 13

Thursday, May 5, 2022 

1 And some were in Antioch there in the assembly, prophets i and teachers, ii both the Barnabas and Sumeon, iii the one called Niger, iv and Lucius v the Cyrenian, and Manaen, vi brought up with Herod the tetrarch, vii and Saul. 2 And as they were ministering viii to the Lord and fasting, ix the Holy Spirit said, “Now separate to me the Barnabus and the Saul for the work to which I have called them. 3 Then fasting and praying and laying the hands x on them, they sent away.

4 These indeed then being sent out by the Holy Spirit, went down unto the Seleucia, xi and from there sailed away unto the Cyprus. xii 5 And being in Salamis, xiii they were proclaiming the word of the God in the synagogues xiv of the Jews. And they also had John, xv an assistant.

6 And going through the island unto Paphos, xvi they found a certain magician, xvii a false prophet, a Jew, whose name was Son of Joshua, xviii 7 who was with the proconsul, xix Sergius xx Paul, xxi a prudent xxii man. This one calling for Barnabus and Saul, he sought to hear the word of the God. 8 And Elumas xxiii the magician (for so his name is translated) opposed them, seeking to pervert xxiv the proconsul from the faith. 9 And Saul, also the Paul, full of Holy Spirit and looking intently at him 10 said, “O full of all deceit and all fraud, xxv son of devil, xxvi enemy of all righteousness, will you not cease perverting the straight ways of Lord? 11 And now, behold, hand of Lord is upon you, and you will be blind, not seeing the sun for a time.” And immediately, a mist and darkness fell upon him, and going around, he was seeking someone to lead him by hand. 12 Then the proconsul, seeing what had been done, believed, being amazed at the teaching of the Lord.

13 And setting sail from the Paphos, those with the Paul went to Perga xxvii in the Pamphylia. And John leaving from them returned to Jerusalem. xxviii 14 And when they passed through from Perga, they arrived unto Antioch of the Pisidia, xxix and coming into the synagogue on the day of the sabbaths, xxx they sat down. 15 And after the reading of the law and the prophets, the rulers of the synagogue sent to them saying, “Men, brethren, if there is a word in you of exhortation to the people, speak.”

16 And Paul standing up and motioning with the hand xxxi said, “Men, Israelis, xxxii and those who fear the God, listen. 17 The God of this people choose our fathers and exalted the people in the sojourn in land of Egypt, and with an uplifted arm led them out of it. 18 And about forty years time he put up with them in the wilderness. xxxiii 19 And taking down seven nations in land of Canaan, he apportioned by lot to them their land. 20 And after this, for about four hundred and fifty years he gave judges until Samuel the prophet. 21 And afterward, they asked for a king, xxxiv and the God gave them the Saul, son of Kish, a man out of tribe of Benjamin, forty years.” xxxv

22 “And having removed him, xxxvi he raised up for them the David for king, xxxvii to whom also testifying he said, 'I found David, the one of the Jesse, a man after my heart, who will do all my will.' xxxviii 23 From the seed of this one, the God, according to promise, raised up for the Israel salvation, xxxix Joshua, 24 a preaching of John before his coming, an immersion of repentance xl to the xli Israel. 25 And as the John was finishing the course, he said, 'Who do you suspect xlii I am? I am not. xliii But behold, he comes after me, of whom I am not worthy to loosen the sandal of the feet.'”

26 “Men, brethren, sons of Abraham's race, xliv and those among you who fear the God, to you the word of this salvation was sent. 27 For those dwelling in Jerusalem and their rulers, not knowing this one, xlv nor the voices of the prophets that are read from every sabbath, xlvi judging, they fulfilled. 28 And finding no reason for death, xlvii they asked Pilate xlviii to kill him. xlix 29 And when they finished all that had been written l concerning him, li taking down from the tree, they placed him into a tomb.”

30 But the God raised him up from the dead. lii 31 He was seen liii over many days liv by those who went up with him from the Galilee to Jerusalem, who are his witnesses to the people. 32 And we preach good news to you, that being the promise to the fathers, lv 33 for the God has fulfilled this to you their children, raising up Joshua. lvi As also it has been written in the second Psalm, 'You are my son. Today I have begotten you.' lvii 34 And that he raised him up from dead, no more to return to corruption. Thus he has spoken that, 'I give to you the holy things lviii and the faithful things lix of David.' 35 Therefore, also in another he says, 'I will not give your holy one to see corruption.'” lx

36 “For David after serving his own generation, according to the counsel of the God, fell asleep and was added to his fathers and saw corruption. 37 But whom the God raised up, he did not see corruption. lxi 38 So, let it be known to you, men, brethren, that through this one is proclaimed the forgiveness of sins, 39 and from all things which you were not able in the law of Moses to be justified, in this one, everyone who believes is justified.” lxii

40 “See lxiii therefore, the thing spoken in the prophets not come upon you. 41 'Look, the despisers, lxiv and marvel and perish. For a work I am working in your days, which you will by no means believe, though someone described it to you.'” lxv 42 And departing out of the synagogue of the Jews, the nations exhorted for the next sabbath to speak to them the word. lxvi 43 And the synagogue being broken up, many of the Jews and devout proselytes followed the Paul and the Barnabus, whom speaking, were persuading them to continue in the grace of the God.

44 And coming on the sabbath, almost all the city gathered to hear the word of the God. 45 And the Jews, seeing the crowds, were filled with envy. lxvii And they spoke against the things spoken by the Paul – speaking against and blaspheming. 46 And the Paul and the Barnabus speaking boldly said, “It was necessary to speak to you first lxviii the word of the God. And since you reject it, and judge yourselves unworthy of eternal life, behold we turn to the nations. 47 So the Lord has commanded us, 'I have set you for a light of nations, that you be for salvation unto last lxix of the earth.'” lxx 48 And when the nations heard, they rejoiced and glorified the word of the Lord. And they believed, as many as were appointed unto eternal life. 49 And the word of the Lord spread through all the country.

50 But the Jews stirred up the devout and prominent women and the foremost of the city and raised up persecution against the Paul and the Barnabus and cast them out from their districts. lxxi 51 But they shook off the dust of their feet against them, lxxii and came to Iconium. 52 And the disciples were full of joy and holy spirit.

Acts 12 - Acts 14

Translated by Darwin Fish. See original pdf. lxxiii

  1. προφῆται (prophêtai) “prophets” - NT prophets can be found also mentioned in Matthew 7:15 (false); 10:41; 11:7-11 (John); 13:57 (Christ/Luke 24:19/Acts 3:22-23); 23:34 (scribes and Pharisees will kill them/Luke 11:49 said to the lawyers also); 24:11 (false), 24 (false//Mark 13:22); Acts 11:27-28; 13:6 (false); 15:30-32; 21:8-11; 1 Corinthians 12:28-29; 14:29-33a, 37; Ephesians 2:20 (foundation)//4:11; 3:5 (mystery made known to); 1 Thessalonians 2:15; 5:20-21; Titus 1:12 (false stating truth); 1 John 4:1 (false); Revelation 10:7 (perhaps includes NT prophets); 11:3-10 (vs 4/Zechariah 4), 18 (includes); 16:6 (includes), 13 (see Rev. 13:11-17//19:20; 16:13; 20:10); 18:20, 24; 22:6, 9. See also Numbers 12:6 and footnote. ^
  2. διδάσκαλοι (didaskaloi) “teachers” - Matthew 23:10 (vs 6-8/John 1:38 “Rabbi” = “Teacher”; see Matt 23:8 footnote); Acts 5:34 (Gamaliel); Romans 2:20 (teacher of babes); 1 Corinthians 12:28 (“third teachers”); Ephesians 4:11; 1 Timothy 2:7 (Paul, also in 2 Timothy 1:11); 2 Timothy 4:3; Titus 2:3 (older women); Hebrews 5:12; James 3:1; 2 Peter 2:1. ^
  3. Συμεὼν (Sumeôn) “Sumeon” - NKJV, etc. “Simeon,” yet in Acts 15:14 same name “Simon” NKJV; “Simeon” NAS. ^
  4. Νίγερ (Niger) “Niger” - only here – GELNT “Niger (dark-complexioned)” ^
  5. Λούκιος (Loukios) “Lucius” - found also in Romans 16:21^
  6. Μαναήν (Manaên) “Manaen” - only here ^
  7. τετράρχου (tetrarchou) “tetrarch” - See footnote for Matthew 14:1. ^
  8. Λειτουργούντων (Leitourgountôn) “ministering” - found also only in Romans 15:27; Hebrews 10:11 – related to the noun for holy “ministry” or “service” found in Luke 1:23; 2 Corinthians 9:12; Philippians 2:17, 30; Hebrews 8:6; 9:21. ^
  9. νηστευόντων (nêsteuontôn) “fasting” = humility, e.g. Psalm 35:13; seeking God, e.g. Joel 2:12; Jonah 3:5-10; 2 Samuel 12:16. ^
  10. “laying the hands” - Leviticus 4:13-15; 16:21/Numbers 8:8-12/2 Chronicles 29:23 (in sacrifice); Leviticus 24:14 (in execution); Mark 5:23 (“lay her hands on her . . . healed”); 6:5 (healed); 10:16 (on children/Matt. 19:15); 16:18 (heal); Acts 6:6 (commission); 8:17-19 (Holy Spirit); 9:17 (heal and Holy Spirit); 19:6 (Holy Spirit); 28:8 (heal); 1 Timothy 4:14 (spiritual gift given); 5:22 (caution); 2 Timothy 1:6 (gift given); elementary Hebrews 6:2 (“laying on of hands”). ^
  11. Σελεύκειαν (Seleukeian) “Seleucia” - only here – on the Mediterranean coast in Turkey near the Turkey/Syria border. ^
  12. Κύπρον (Kupron) “Cyprus” is an island southwest (mostly west) of Seleucia. See also footnote on Elumas (vs 8). ^
  13. Σαλαμῖνι (Salamini) “Salamis” - only here ^
  14. συναγωγαῖς (sunagôgais) “synagogues” - this was their practice, e.g. Acts 13:14; 14:1; 17:1, 10, 16-17; 18:4, 19; 19:8 (in Ephesus again). ^
  15. This is evidently the John, surnamed Mark, mentioned in Acts 12:25. ^
  16. Πάφου (Paphou) “Paphos” - also in Acts 13:13. ^
  17. μάγον (magon) “magician” NAS - “sorcerer” NKJV, KJV – see also Acts 19:19 and footnote for Matthew 2:1. ^
  18. Βαρϊησοῦς (Bariêsous) “Son of Joshua” - “Bar-Jesus” NKJV, NAS; “son of Jesus” TPT ^
  19. ἀνθυπάτῳ (anthupatô) “proconsul” NKJV, KJV, NAS – found also in Acts 13:8, 12; 18:12 (CT, verb form MT, RT); 19:38 ^
  20. Σεργίῳ (Sergiô) “Sergius” NKJV, etc. - only here ^
  21. Παύλῳ (Paulô) “Paul” - NKJV, KJV, NAS, etc. “Paulus” - this is the same exact name as “Paul” the apostle (e.g. Acts 13:43 (“Paul” NKJV, etc.). “Paulus” is Latin. ^
  22. συνετῷ (sunetô) “prudent” - found also in Matthew 11:25; 10:21; 1 Corinthians 1:19 (prudent). ^
  23. Ἐλύμας (Elumas) “Elumas” - NKJV, etc. “Elymas” - only here - “y” instead of “u” in transliteration is apparently from the influence of the Latin Vulgate. ^
  24. διαστρέψαι (diastrepsai) “to pervert” YLT - “to turn . . . away” NKJV, KJV, NAS - same root word in Acts 13:10 “perverting” (NKJV, KJV), “make crooked” (NAS). ^
  25. ῥᾳδιουργίας (hradiourgias) “fraud” NKJV, NAS - “mischief” KJV; “profligacy” YLT; “trickery” CSB – only here ^
  26. υἱὲ διαβόλου (huie diabolou) “son of devil” - see also “your father the devil” John 8:44; “children of the devil” 1 John 3:10 (1 John 5:19); Judah was a devil (John 6:70). See also 1 Timothy 3:11; Titus 2:3 (“slanderers” διαβόλους [diabolous]); 2 Timothy 3:3 “slanderers” διάβολοι [diaboloi]) ^
  27. Πέργην (Pergên) “Perga” - found also in Acts 13:14; 14:25 – located in southwestern Turkey, northwest of Cyprus. ^
  28. This is evidently the event that sparked the debate in Acts 15:37-38. ^
  29. Πισιδίας (Pisidias) “Pisidia” - found also in Acts 14:24 – “Antioch of Pisidia” location is north (slightly east) of Perga, almost mid Turkey. This is a different location than the Antioch of Acts 11:19 (see footnote), 26. ^
  30. σαββάτων (sabbatôn) “sabbaths” - NKJV “Sabbath” - see footnote for Matthew 12:1. ^
  31. See also Acts 19:33; 21:40. ^
  32. Ἰσραηλῖται (Israêlitai) “Israelis” - YLT “Israelites”; NKJV, KJV, NAS “of Israel” - see footnote for John 1:47. ^
  33. “put up with them in the wilderness” - see Psalm 78:12-43; 106:7-33; Ezekiel 20:1-26; Hosea 13:4-11; Amos 5:25-26//Acts 7:41-43. ^
  34. See 1 Samuel 8:1-22; 12:16-20. ^
  35. Hebrew OT does not say how long Saul reigned. ^
  36. Rejected in 1 Samuel 15:23 (more literally, “For rebellion is sin of divination, and iniquity, and idols [teraphim]”). Yet, not removed until 1 Samuel 31:4-5/1 Chronicles 10:13-14 via suicide. ^
  37. 1 Samuel 16:1, 6-7, 12-13. Vs 13 he receives the Spirit. Yet, Psalm 16:2. See John 14:17 (with you/in you). ^
  38. This exact quote is not found in the Hebrew OT, but see 1 Samuel 13:14. On God's will, see Romans 12:1-2; 14:7-8. ^
  39. σωτηρίαν (sôtêrian) “salvation” MT, WEB; σωτῆρα (sôtêra) “savior” RT, CT, NKJV, KJV, NAS ^
  40. Repentance is needed for salvation, e.g. Luke 16:27-30; 2 Timothy 2:25; 2 Peter 3:9. ^
  41. RT & CT add “all” παντὶ (panti) & “people” λαῷ (laô). So it reads, “to all the people of Israel” (e.g. NKJV). ^
  42. ὑπονοεῖτε (huponoeite) “suspect” - NKJV, KJV “think”; NAS “suppose” – found also in Acts 25:18 (“supposed” NKJV); 27:27 (“sensed” NKJV) ^
  43. Οὐκ εἰμὶ ἐγώ (Ouk eimi egô) “I am not” - “he” is implied, thus NKJV “I am not He” - for John saying this, see John 1:20; 3:28. ^
  44. γένους (yenous) “race” YLT, CSB, HCSB, Darby, PHIL, - “family” NKJV, NAS; “stock” KJV – see Acts 7:13 and footnote. ^
  45. See 1 Corinthians 2:7-8. ^
  46. 2 Corinthians 3:14-15; 4:3-4; 1 Corinthians 2:14. ^
  47. See Matthew 27:24 (“just person”); Luke 23:4, 14 (“no fault”); John 18:38 (“no fault in Him at all”); 19:4, 6 (“no fault”). ^
  48. Pilate did NOT want to kill Him. See Matthew 27:19-23; John 19:7-8 (“more afraid”)-12. ^
  49. Noted as murder in Acts 5:30. ^
  50. E.g. Daniel 9:26; Isaiah 52:14; 53:5-10, 12. ^
  51. In other words, “all that was written concerning him” for this context/event. This obviously is a contextual statement. There is yet much more written concerning Him (e.g. Daniel 2:44/7:13-14; Zechariah 14:1f; Revelation 19:13f; etc.). Luke 18:31 says the same thing for the same context, but adds the resurrection (Luke 18:32-33). ^
  52. “God raised him up” - See John 2:19-22 (“I will raise”); 10:17-18 (“I”). For the body He had after raised, see 1 Corinthians 15:35-53; Luke 24:36-43 flesh and bone and ate, yet “vanished” in Luke 24:30-31, see also John 20:19-20 (“doors were shut”), 24-28 (“His side” see Revelation 5:6 “been slain”), “blood” Acts 20:28; Genesis 9:6 & Leviticus 17:14 (TT “For the soul of all flesh is its blood.”); 1 Peter 1:18-19 = incorruptible, Hebrews 9:12. ^
  53. 1 Corinthians 15:4-8 ^
  54. 40 days, Acts 1:3 ^
  55. He embodies all the promises of God – 2 Corinthians 1:20; 2 Peter 1:4 ^
  56. MT verse 32 ends here and verse 33 begins thereafter. ^
  57. Psalm 2:7 – when is “today”? Eternity, Hebrews 13:8. ^
  58. ὅσια (hosia) “holy things” - NAS “holy”; NKJV, KJV “mercies” - plural adjective – this is the same word except in the singular in Acts 2:27 for “holy one” NKJV. ^
  59. πιστά (pista) “faithful things” - “sure” NKJV, KJV, NAS; “faithful” YLT - plural adjective – same root word as e.g. Luke 16:10-12; 19:17 “faithful” (NKJV). ^
  60. See footnote for Acts 2:27. ^
  61. “did not see corruption” - Having already noted the corruption of death in vs 34 (“dead, no more to return to corruption”), the corruption here is in comparison to David. There could be no more corruption than can be expected from a “rise from the dead the third day” (Luke 24:46). Joshua's flesh was “the same” (Hebrews 2:14) as ours minus the sin (“likeness of sinful flesh” Romans 8:3; “without sin” Hebrews 4:15). Therefore, His flesh was not subject to death as ours (“wages of sin is death” Romans 6:23), but He chose to die (“No one takes it from Me” John 10:18). ^
  62. δικαιοῦται (dikaioutai) “is justified” = declared righteous - “righteous” is δίκαιος (diakaios) e.g. Matthew 1:19 (NAS “righteous”; NKJV “just”). ^
  63. Βλέπετε (Blepete) “See” YLT - “Beware” NKJV, KJV; “Take heed” NAS ^
  64. καταφρονηταί (kataphronêtai) “despisers” NKJV, KJV, YLT; “scoffers” NAS – only here ^
  65. See Habakkuk 1:5 – Paul's quote follows the LXX more so than the Hebrew. LXX reads, “Look, the despisers, and watch and marvel marvelously and perish, because a work I am working in your days which you will by no means believe, though someone described it.” ^
  66. CT & RT add ταῦτα (tauta) “this” for “this word.” ^
  67. ζήλου (zêlou) “envy” NKJV, KJV - “jealousy” NAS; “zeal” YLT – see footnote for John 2:17. ^
  68. “Jew first” Romans 1:16; 2:9-10; see also Acts 3:25-26 ^
  69. ἐσχάτου (eschatou) “last” DLNT – “ends” NKJV, KJV; “end” NAS – singular adjective, see footnote for Acts 1:8. ^
  70. See Isaiah 49:6. ^
  71. ὁρίων (horiôn) “districts” plural term – NAS “district”; NKJV “region”; KJV “coasts” ^
  72. See Luke 9:5 (to the twelve); 10:10-11 (to the seventy) ^
  73. Mirrored here^

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